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Electronic Source
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In their efforts to understand why people do what they do, social psychologists pay particular attention to the notion of identity and identity formation. Identity is our most essential and personal characteristic; it affects everything we do, feel, say, and think. Research suggests that in addition to personal traits, our sense of who we are is shaped by the roles we play (mother, student, etc.) and the social groups to which we belong (Black women, vegetarians, Yankees' fans, etc.).

Social/group identities are particularly important because: they locate us in the social world; they define borders by differentiating between "us" and "them"; they provide us with a sense of community, belonging, and security; and they influence intergroup relations by shaping our attitudes about, and actions toward, fellow group members, as well as toward those who are not group members (out-groups).

The goal of this exercise is to explore the relationship between social identity and attitudes toward out-group members. Frequency distributions, crosstabulations, correlations, and multiple regression will be used.

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Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
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