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Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment / Home and Life Interview

Title

Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment / Home and Life Interview

Description

The PHDCN version of the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) was a semi-structured interview in which the primary caregiver was asked about daily routines, other activities, and ways that the home environment was structured to accommodate the child's needs. The PHDCN Scientific Directors revised the original HOME to facilitate the standard assessment of home environments of children ranging in age from newborns to teenagers. Observational items about the interior and exterior physical environment were added and included questions taken from the Systematic Social Observation Checklist, which was also developed by the PHDCN staff. This instrument was again revised for Wave 2 based on staff experiences with it. A structured interview for use with all age participants was developed and named the Home and Life Interview. In Wave 3, a reduced version of this instrument was used. These instruments sought to observe the developmental environment in which children belonging to the Longitudinal Cohort Study sample were raised. They were designed to capture the absence or presence of certain cognitive stimuli, including varied learning experiences and diverse educational materials.

WAVE 1: The HOME inventory (PDF 18.5MG) measured the extent and nature of the interactions that occurred between the subject and his or her primary caregiver, the subject and the subject's father (if the father was not the primary caregiver), and the subject and other family members. The PHDCN version of the HOME inventory also assessed the physical conditions in and around the respondent's home, taking careful note of the layout of the streets and buildings comprising the neighborhood. It was administered to primary caregivers of subjects in Cohorts 0 to 15 and to subjects, themselves, in Cohort 18.

WAVE 2: The Home and Life Interview (PDF 3.0MG) was a restructured interview based on the HOME inventory used in Wave 1. The Home and Life Interview also measured the extent and nature of the interactions that occurred between the subject and his or her primary caregiver. In contrast to Wave 1, particular emphasis was placed on evaluating the relationship between the subject and the subject's father or, in the father's absence, a male father figure. Data collected to describe the interior and exterior conditions of the respondent's home and neighborhood were included in the Interviewer Impressions protocols in Wave 2. The Home and Life Interview was administered to primary caregivers of subjects in Cohorts 0 to 15.

WAVE 3: The Home and Life Interview (PDF 3.0MG) The Home and Life Interview (PDF XX.XMG) was a restructured interview based on the HOME inventory used in Wave 1. The Wave 3 Home and Life Interview instrument was a reduced version of the Wave 2 Home and Life Interview instrument that did not include an emphasis on evaluating the relationship between the subject and the subject's father or, in the father's absence, a male father figure. It was administered to primary caregivers of subjects in Cohorts 0 to 9.

Citations

Caldwell, B. & Bradley, R. (1984). Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) - Revised Edition. University of Arkansas, Little Rock.

Selner-O'Hagan, M & Earls, F. (1994). PHDCN version of the HOME Inventory. unpublished manual.

Selner-O'Hagan, M, Leventhal, T, Brooks-Gunn, J, and Earls, F. (1997) Homelife Interview. unpublished manual.

Verba, Schlozman, & Brady. (1995). Voice and Equality: Civic Volunteerism in American Politics. Harvard University Press

Other References

Bradley, Robert H. and Bettye M. Caldwell. "The HOME Inventory: A Validation of the Preschool Scale for Black Children," Child Development, June 1981, pp. 708-710.

Goelman, Hillel, Ellen Shapiro, and Alan R. Pence. "Family Environment and Family Day Care," Family Relations, January 1990, pp. 14-19.

Elardo, Richard, Robert H. Bradley, and Bettye M. Caldwell. "The Relation of Infants' Home Environments to Mental Test Performance from Six to Thirty-six Months: A Longitudinal Analysis, Child Development, March 1975, pp71-76.

Related Internet Resources

HOME inventory information from FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention

Description of the Caldwell HOME inventory from the United Nations University website

Voice and Equality: Civic Volunteerism in American Politics

PHDCN Administration

Shaded boxes indicate that the measure is not available for a given wave/cohort.

Wave Cohort
0 3 6 9 12 15 18
1            
2            
3        

Related Studies

HOME / Home and Life Interview Studies

See Also

ICPSR Study Number 13631 (PHDCN Interviewer Impressions (Primary Caregiver), Wave 2, 1997-2000)

ICPSR Study Number 13632 (PHDCN Interviewer Impressions (Subject), Wave 2, 1997-2000)

ICPSR Study Number 13633 (PHDCN Interviewer Impressions (Young Adult), Wave 2, 1997-2000)

ICPSR Study Number 13718 (PHDCN Interviewer Impressions (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002)

ICPSR Study Number 13719 (PHDCN Interviewer Impressions (Subject), Wave 3, 2000-2002)

ICPSR Study Number 13720 (PHDCN Interviewer Impressions (Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002)