Minnesota Adolescent Community Cohort (MACC) Study 2000-2013 (ICPSR 36282)

Principal Investigator(s): Forster, Jean, University of Minnesota. School of Public Health

Summary:

The Minnesota Adolescent Community Cohort (MACC) Study is a population-based, longitudinal study that enrolled 3636 youth from Minnesota and 605 youth from comparison states age 12 to 16 years in 2000-2001. Participants were surveyed by telephone semi-annually about their tobacco-related attitudes and behaviors. The goals of the study were to evaluate the effects of the Minnesota Youth Tobacco Prevention Initiative and its shutdown on youth smoking patterns, and to better define the patterns of development of tobacco use in adolescents. A multilevel sample was constructed representing individuals, local jurisdictions and the entire state, and data were collected to characterize each of these levels. Major topics covered by the survey are cigarette use, nicotine dependence, alcohol use and dependence, cigarette access, quitting smoking, use of other tobacco products and marijuana, parent smoking habits, tobacco marketing, emotions and stress perceptions, and perceptions and opinions of smoke-free laws, tobacco companies, and tobacco age restrictions. Demographic information includes age, education, ethnicity, gender, marital status, and income level.

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Dataset(s)

Minnesota Adolescent Community Cohort (MACC) Study 2000-2013 - Download All Files (409.513 MB) large file
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Study Description

Citation

Forster, Jean. Minnesota Adolescent Community Cohort (MACC) Study 2000-2013. ICPSR36282-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-02-03. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36282.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36282.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Cancer Institute (R01-CA086191)
  • ClearWay Minnesota (RC-2007-0018)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    advertising, alcohol, alcohol consumption, education, educational environment, friendships, home environment, living conditions, marijuana, marketing, parent child relationship, parental influence, policy, smoking, smoking cessation, social identity, social life, stress, tobacco products, tobacco use, young adults, youths

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Geo-Political Unit (GPU)

Geographic Coverage:    Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2000-10--2013-03

Date of Collection:   

  • 2000-10--2013-03

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    Young adults aged 12-16 in Minnesota, Kansas, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Michigan.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The primary aim of the MACC study was to evaluate local tobacco control programs in Minnesota, and the secondary aim was to better define the patterns of tobacco use in young adults and to evaluate the effects of tobacco control programs on these patterns.

Study Design:    The MACC Study employs a multilevel design, including a cohort sequential design of five ages at the individual level where individuals (adolescents) are surveyed every six months. These individuals are nested in GPUs (geo-political units) and there are longitudinal observations at the GPU level every six months as well. Finally, individuals and GPUs were randomly assigned a specific month within the six-month window for each observation; thus each month constitutes an observation in a time series design for the state of Minnesota.

Sample:    A combination of probability and quota sampling methods (to assure equal age distribution) was used to establish the cohort. The goal was to recruit 3600 participants from Minnesota. These participants included 12 of each age from 12 to 16 years old from each of the 60 Minnesota GPUs. Recruitment was conducted by telephone by Clearwater Research, Inc., using modified random digit dial (MOD1) sampling to identify households with at least one teenager in the target age range within the target GPU. Within households, respondents were selected at random from among age quota cells that were still open for that GPU. Parent permission was obtained by telephone followed by permission from the chosen teenager before interviewing. In addition a comparison cohort (n=600) consisting of approximately 180 12-16 year olds from metropolitan Kansas City KS and MO, 240 from the rest of Kansas, 60 each from North and South Dakota and 60 from the upper peninsula of Michigan were recruited into the study. These states were chosen because as of 2000 they had devoted few resources from the Master Settlement Agreement to tobacco control and because they roughly corresponded to the demographics of Minnesota. Adolescents were interviewed by phone every six months, on the six-month anniversary of their previous interview.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Cohort/ Event-based

Weight:    The data are not weighted, and no weight variables are present in the data set.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

Data Source:

Data were collected by Clearwater Research Inc., of Boise, Idaho, using telephone survey procedures.

Response Rates:   

The MACC Cumulative Response Rates by Round are as follows:

Baseline: 100%

Round 2: 96.68%

Round 3: 34.57%

Round 4: 93.53%

Round 5: 91.79%

Round 6: 89.66%

Round 8: 82.75%

Round 9: 81.99%

Round 10: 79.89%

Round 11: 80.04%

Round 12: 77.51%

Round 13: 73.07%

Round 14: 69.71%

Round 15: 60.47%

Round 17: 60.32%

Round 21: 54.35%

Round 23: 52.86%

Round 25: 50.17%

For additional information about the response rates of the MACC, please see the "Response Rates" bookmark under the Original P.I. Documentation section of the ICPSR codebook.

Presence of Common Scales:   

Common, Previously Validated Scales Present in MACC:

Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) - variables Q1051-Q1055

Fagerstrom Nicotine Dependence Scale (FTND) - variables Q0161-Q0165, and Q0127)

CAGE - variables Q0483A1-Q0483A4

Susceptibility to smoking - variables Q0040, Q0140, Q0050, Q0090, Q0100, and Q0110 (learn more by reading 'An improved surveillance measure for adolescent smoking?' available on JSTOR)

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2016-02-03

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