Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study [United States] Restricted-Use Files (ICPSR 36231)

Alternate Title:   PATH Study (RUF)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse; United States Department of Health and Human Services. Food and Drug Administration. Center for Tobacco Products

Summary:

The Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study began originally surveying 45,971 adult and youth respondents. The PATH Study was launched in 2011 to inform the Food and Drug Administration's regulatory activities under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (TCA). The PATH Study is a collaboration between the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Center for Tobacco Products (CTP), Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The study sampled over 150,000 mailing addresses across the United States to create a national sample of tobacco users and non-users.

These 45,971 individuals constitute the first (baseline) annual wave of data collected by this longitudinal cohort study. Respondents are asked to complete an interview at each follow-up wave. Youth who turn 18 by the current wave of data collection are considered "aged-up adults" and are invited to complete the Adult Interview. Additionally, 7,207 "shadow youth" (youth ages 9 to 11 sampled at Wave 1) are considered "aged-up youth" upon turning 12 when they are asked to join the study subsequent to parental consent. Please refer to the User Guide that provides further details about these children designated as "shadow youth". At each subsequent wave of data collection, the parents of sampled youth are invited to complete a short Parent Interview about his or her child(ren).

Dataset 0001 (DS0001) contains the data from the Master Linkage file. This file contains 4 variables and 53,178 cases. The file provides a master list of every person's unique identification number and what type of respondent they were for each wave.

Dataset 1001 (DS1001) contains the data from the Wave 1 Adult Interview. This data file contains 2,010 variables and 32,320 cases. Each of the cases represents a single, completed interview.

Dataset 1002 (DS1002) contains the data from the Wave 1 Youth (and Parent) Interviews. This file contains 1,430 variables and 13,651 cases.

Dataset 2001 (DS2001) contains the data from the Wave 2 Adult Interview. This data file contains 2,408 variables and 28,362 cases. Of these cases, 26,447 also completed a Wave 1 Adult Interview. The other 1,915 cases are "aged-up adults" having previously completed a Wave 1 Youth Interview.

Dataset 2002 (DS2002) contains the data from the Wave 2 Youth Interview. This data file contains 1,588 variables and 12,172 cases. Of these cases, 10,081 also completed a Wave 1 Youth Interview. The other 2,091 cases are aged-up youth respondents having previously been flagged as "shadow youth".

Each case in an Adult data file represents a single, completed interview. Each case in a Youth data file represents one youth and his or her parent's responses about that youth. Parents who provided permission for their child to participate in a Youth Interview were asked to complete a brief interview about their child. In both waves of data collection less than 0.5 percent of the parents did not complete an interview. Most questions are asked in reference to the child.

In Wave 1, about 88 percent of the "parent" respondents were the biological mother or father. When multiple youth from the same household were selected to be in the study, the parent(s) completed separate interviews about each youth. If one parent completed two or more interviews that parent only answered questions about himself/herself once. Those questions were then skipped in the subsequent interview(s) for the other child(ren) and the responses duplicated in that child(ren)'s data file(s).

Series: Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    Users are reminded that these data are to be used solely for statistical analysis and reporting of aggregated information, and not for the investigation of specific individuals or organizations.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement. Data are provided via ICPSR's Virtual Data Enclave (VDE). Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR VDE portal. Information and instructions are available within the data portal. For further assistance please reference the VDE Guide to learn about the application process, about using the VDE, and how to request disclosure review of VDE output.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

DS1:  Master Linkage File
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS1001:  Wave 1: Adult Data
DS1002:  Wave 1: Youth / Parent Data
DS2001:  Wave 2: Adult Data
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS2002:  Wave 2: Youth / Parent Data
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse, and United States Department of Health and Human Services. Food and Drug Administration. Center for Tobacco Products. Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study [United States] Restricted-Use Files. ICPSR36231-v13. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-06-19. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36231.v13

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36231.v13

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Food and Drug Administration. Center for Tobacco Products.

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    adults, advertising, alcohol, bidis, chewing tobacco, cigarettes, cigarillos, cigars, dissolvable tobacco, e-cigarettes, electronic nicotine devices, ENDS, filtered cigars, health warnings, hookah, kreteks, marijuana, marketing, mental health, nicotine addiction, nicotine dependence, parents, physical health, pipe tobacco, second-hand smoke, sexual preference, smokeless tobacco, smoking cessation, snus pouches, social media, substance abuse, tobacco products, tobacco use, youths

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Census Region; Census Division

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2013--2014 (Wave 1)
  • 2014--2015 (Wave 2)

Date of Collection:   

  • 2013-09--2014-12 (Wave 1)
  • 2014-10--2015-10 (Wave 2)

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Users and non-users of tobacco products in the civilian, non-institutionalized household population of the United States aged 9 and older at the time of Wave 1.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The PATH Study Data User Forum allows researchers using the PATH Study data, public-use and restricted-use, to communicate with each other to ask and answer questions. Announcements, data releases and updates, new publications, upcoming events, and other information for PATH Study data users will also be posted to the forum.

Data are provided via ICPSR's Virtual Data Enclave (VDE) where researchers will work with data stored on secure ICPSR servers. Researchers will not possess actual physical copies of the data; however, they may request permission to access selected output outside the virtual environment after review by ICPSR. See the Access Notes to apply for access. Researchers are also encouraged to read the VDE Guide.

The data files contain person-level (PERSONID) and household-level identification (R0#_HHID) variables allowing linking of people within a file, between Adult and Youth/Parent files, and across waves of data collection. The values in these two variables are random and contain no direct or indirect personally identifiable information. Please review Appendix D in the User Guide for information and programming code on linking files together. The files are sorted by the variable PERSONID.

ICPSR attempted to duplicate all information contained in the questionnaires into the question text used in the PDF codebooks. Some of the longer programming instructions were not incorporated into the question text. In these cases the question text includes a note pointing to the questionnaire so that a user may read the full programming instructions for further clarity. Derived and imputed variables contain the algorithms used in the creation of these variables. Users are advised to refer to the User Guide and annotated questionnaires when reviewing the codebooks.

Some variables were withheld to limit the release of information that is a potential risk for disclosure. These variables are listed in Appendix B in the User Guide.

The Youth Interview and Parent Interview instruments were distinct and separate instruments used in data collection. However, for each wave both instruments have been combined into a single document since the responses to these instruments are also combined into a single file.

Both the Adult and Youth instruments in each wave include several questions about tobacco brands and products the respondent usually uses and most recently used. For each question, a list of response options was displayed on the computer screen for the respondent to select. For a large number of major brands and products, the displayed list included both a text label and a thumbnail image of the brand logo or product package. The displayed list was different for each of the tobacco product types with the brands and products listed being those that were known to exist for the specific tobacco product type. Because these lists are long, they are not provided in a frequency table for each variable in the codebook or in the annotated instrument. For convenience, both the Adult and Youth codebook contains an appendix that provides a frequency table of the top 20 responses for each variable. The PATH Study Master Tobacco Brand and Product Code Guide is available as an Excel workbook file [Documentation.xlsx (Tobacco_Brand)]. The spreadsheets in this Excel workbook file are protected and may not be edited. However, the last spreadsheet contains filters to narrow the complete list. This particular spreadsheet is the master file of all brand and product responses for these questions from both Wave 1 and Wave 2, including any responses that were not in the list of options displayed to the respondent.

In the Youth / Parent file (DS1002 and DS2002), the last section of the questionnaire contains demographic and health history questions. A few of the questions were asked of all youth. However, the majority of questions were only asked of emancipated youth. The responses to these questions for non-emancipated youth were coded "Inapplicable". The questionnaire and codebook note which variables were only asked of emancipated youth. Conversely, in the Parent Interview section the same questions were asked of parents of all sampled youth with the exception of the emancipated youth. In this section the cases for emancipated youth were coded as "Inapplicable".

In both the Adult and Youth / Parent data files several groups of variables contain the word "RANDOM" in both the variable name and label. This indicates computerized randomization of the question order. These "RANDOM" variables detail the order in which the questions were asked for a particular respondent.

The Wave 1 data files, for both Adults and Youth, contain a section about tobacco advertising. There are 20 variable triplets contained in this section. The computer randomly selected 20 advertisements and then asked the respondents whether they had seen the ad and whether they liked the ad. The Image ID variable (_AD) identifies the advertisement that was displayed to the respondent to characterize the ad, e.g., the tobacco product and brand. However, vendors did not grant permission to release the actual .jpg and .bmp files containing the images seen by respondents.

Derived and imputed demographic variables (age, sex, Hispanic ethnicity, and race) are included near the end of each data file. The Adult file also contains education. An accompanying imputation flag variable is also included. These variables are distinguished by the variable name starting with "R0#R" and contain the word "DERIVED" or "IMPUTED" in the variable label. Imputed variables are only available on the Wave 1 data files.

Within the "Derived and Imputed Variables" section of the PDF codebooks for both waves of the Adult and Youth/Parent files are two geographic variables - Census Region and Census Division. There are additional variables to designate urban areas and Census Block characteristics.

All Adult and Youth/Parent data files contain additional derived variables. These variables can be distinguished by the variable name starting with "R0#R" and contain the word "DERIVED" in the variable label. There are several variables for each tobacco category to identify certain classes of current and former tobacco users.

In accordance with the study's informed consent, information is suppressed about individuals who withdraw from the PATH Study. Their information was recoded to a special missing value, designated as -97777.

The current release contains the restricted-use versions of Wave 1 and Wave 2 data files. Wave 3 data files are tentatively planned to be released in 2018.

The documentation file titled Documentation.pdf (Informed_Consent) includes the six consent forms provided to and signed by the respondents for the various types of interviews conducted and biological samples collected. Participants provide consent at their initial interview and biological sample collection; consents remain in effect for subsequent waves. Aged-up adults who previously responded to the youth interview at one wave need to re-consent at the time of the subsequent wave.

Another documentation file is a Non-Response Bias Analysis Report for Wave 1 [Documentation.pdf (Non-response_Report)] which details the response rates and the potential for bias from non-response.

The questionnaires in this collection are updated versions of the fielded questionnaires that were annotated for analytic purposes. Spanish versions are also available.

Additional background information including answers to frequently asked questions for study participants and researchers can be found in the Researchers section of the PATH Study series page.

The User Guide provides an overview of the entire PATH Study. The guide covers topics such as sample design, data collection, weighting, response rates, and programming syntax to run common statistics and linking the files together. Researchers should feel free to use the information in the User Guide for their publication and the guide should be cited as follows:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse, and United States Department of Health and Human Services. Food and Drug Administration. Center for Tobacco Products. Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study [United States] Restricted-Use Files, User Guide. ICPSR36231-v13 Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-06-19. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36231.userguide

The data for the PATH Study was collected and prepared by Westat. The contract number under which they performed their work is: HHSN271201100027C.

Methodology

Study Purpose:   

The Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study is a longitudinal cohort study on tobacco use behavior, attitudes and beliefs, and tobacco-related health outcomes among an estimated 46,000 adults and youth in the United States. Taken directly from the PATH Study web site, the study's primary objectives are to:

  • Objective 1: Identify and explain between-person differences and within-person changes in tobacco-use patterns, including the rate and length of use by specific product type and brand, product/brand switching over time, uptake of new products, and dual- and poly-use of tobacco products (i.e., use of multiple products within the same time period, and switching between multiple products).
  • Objective 2: Identify between-person differences and within-person changes in risk perceptions regarding harmful and potentially harmful constituents, new and emerging tobacco products, filters and other design features of tobacco products, packaging, and labeling; and, identify other factors that may affect use, such as social influences and individual preferences.
  • Objective 3: Characterize the natural history of tobacco dependence, cessation, and relapse including readiness and self-efficacy to quit, motivations for quitting, the number and length of quit attempts, and the length of abstinence related to various tobacco products.
  • Objective 4: Update the comprehensive baseline and subsequent waves of data on tobacco-use behaviors and related health conditions (including markers of exposure and tobacco-related disease processes identified from the collection and analysis of biospecimens) to assess between-person differences and within-person changes over time in health conditions potentially related to tobacco use, particularly with use of new and different tobacco products, including modified-risk tobacco products. Each wave may also facilitate the selection of individuals by disease status, biomarker levels, or tobacco use status for participation in small-scale research studies (see Objective 8).
  • Objective 5: Assess associations between TCA-specific actions and tobacco-product use, risk perceptions and attitudes, use patterns, cessation outcomes, and tobacco-related intermediate endpoints (e.g., exposure and disease biomarker levels). Analyses will attempt to account for other potential factors, such as demographics, local tobacco-control policies, and social, familial, and economic factors, that may influence the observed patterns.
  • Objective 6: Assess between-person differences and within-person changes over time in attitudes, behaviors, exposures to tobacco products, and related biomarkers among and within population subgroups defined by racial-ethnic, gender, age, and risk factors (e.g., pregnancy or co-occurring substance use or mental health disorders).
  • Objective 7: To the extent to which sample sizes are sufficient, assess and compare samples of former and never users of tobacco products for between-person differences and within-person changes in relapse and uptake, risk perceptions, and indicators of tobacco exposure and disease processes.
  • Objective 8: Use the PATH Study's comprehensive baseline (i.e., Wave 1) and first follow-up wave (i.e., Wave 2) data on tobacco-use behaviors, attitudes, related health conditions (including markers of exposure, tobacco use-related disease processes identified from the collection and analysis of bio-specimens) as a potential basis to screen respondents for participation in small-scale research studies. Such studies would be submitted for approval to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), for example, through one of the PATH Study's two generic clearances for cognitive testing or for methodological studies, or as an embedded study within a revision request, such as a request to conduct a small-scale research study during a follow-up wave of data and bio-specimen collection.

Study Design:   

The study sampled over 150,000 mailing addresses which, using a four-staged stratified sampling design, yielded a sample of 45,971 respondents (32,320 adults / 13,651 youth) who completed a Wave 1 interview. Tobacco users and non-users who were at least 12 years old living in a civilian, non-institutionalized setting were considered for participation during Wave 1. Youth who turn 18 by the next wave of data collection are considered "aged-up adults" and are invited to complete the Adult Interview. Additionally, 7,207 "shadow youth" (youth ages 9 to 11 sampled at Wave 1) are considered "aged-up youth" upon turning 12 when they are asked to join the study.

The Adult files contain a single record for every adult participant. The Youth / Parent files contain a single record of every youth who participated in a given wave. Parents who provided permission for their child to complete a Youth Interview were asked to complete a brief Parent Interview that contained questions about parental supervision, school performance, and tobacco use by youth. The Parent Interview is primarily an interview about the child(ren), not the parent. In both waves, almost all youth had a parent or guardian complete the Parent Interview (over 99.5 percent). When multiple youth from the same household were selected to be in the study, the parent(s) completed separate interviews about each youth. If one parent completed multiple interviews then questions asked about him or her were only asked once. Those questions were skipped in the other interview(s) and the responses duplicated for the other child(ren).

A $2 incentive was mailed to all addresses sampled at Wave 1 prior to screening. For both Wave 1 and Wave 2, adult respondents were paid $35 for their participation. Youth were paid $25 to complete the Youth Interview, and their parents were given $10 for each Parent Interview.

Sample:    A four-stage stratified area probability sample design was used in the PATH Study, with a two-phase design for sampling adults at the final stage. At the first stage, a stratified sample of geographical primary sampling units (PSUs) was selected, in which a PSU is a county or group of counties. For the second stage, within each selected PSU, smaller geographical segments were formed and then a sample of these segments was drawn. At the third stage, the sampling frame consisted of the residential addresses located in these segments. The fourth stage selected adults and youth from the sampled households identified at these addresses, with varying sampling rates for adults by age, race, and tobacco use status. Adults were sampled in two phases - Phase 1 sampling used information provided in the household screener and Phase 2 sampling used information provided by the adult in the Phase 2 screener at the beginning of the adult instrument. Please consult the User Guide for additional details about the sampling.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Panel

Weight:    Each data file contains weights for use in analyses of the data from the complex PATH Study sample design. The final full-sample person-level weight for each wave of the Adult file is R0#_A_PWGT, and the final full-sample person-level weight for each wave of the Youth / Parent file is R0#_Y_PWGT. There are also 100 replicate weights and design variables (VARPSU and VARSTRAT) for use in variance estimation. Detailed information on how these variables were created, and how and why they should be used is provided in the User Guide. One aspect to keep in mind is that the weighting procedures adjust for oversampling of certain population groups and non-response. ICPSR strongly recommends that researchers read and understand this section before analyzing the data so that these variables may be used in a correct manner.

Mode of Data Collection:    audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI), computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)

Description of Variables:   

In both waves, adults and youth were asked about seven main types of tobacco products: cigarettes, e-cigarettes/electronic nicotine products, cigars (traditional, cigarillos, filtered), pipes, hookah, smokeless tobacco (snus pouches and other forms of smokeless tobacco), and dissolvable tobacco. Bidis and kreteks were additional types asked about on the Youth Interview, but were not asked on the Adult Interview. Although each section of tobacco products has some unique questions the majority of the questions fit into one of the following categories.

Tobacco Products

  • Ever use
  • Recency of use
  • Frequency of use
  • Amount of use
  • Brands used
  • Purchase details

Additional topics, in both files and in at least one wave, include:

  • Polyuse
  • Nicotine dependence
  • Packaging and health warnings
  • Risk and harm perceptions
  • Secondhand smoke exposure
  • Marketing and advertising
  • Media use
  • Demographics
  • Health
  • Psychosocial and mental health
  • Substance use
  • Cessation
  • Peer and family influences

Most questions asked in the questionnaires are categorical. Other questions ask, for example, the age at which something occurred or the person's body measurements. The responses to these are typically numerical.

Response Rates:   

  • Household screener: 54.1 percent (unweighted); 54.0 percent (weighted)
  • Wave 1 Adult Interview: 74.8 percent (unweighted); 74.0 percent (weighted)
  • Wave 1 Youth Interview: 78.2 percent (unweighted); 78.4 percent (weighted)

Please consult the User Guide for information regarding the response rates for data collected during Wave 2.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2015-12-19

Version History:

  • 2017-06-19 The Wave 1 and Wave 2 data files, for both Adults and Youth, were updated to correct minor errors along with the questionnaires to correct minor typos and clarify specifications.
  • 2017-04-27 A minor revision was made to the both the English and Spanish versions of the Wave 1 Adult questionnaire. The User Guide was also updated. Two Excel crosswalks, one for Adults and one for Youth, were added to the available documentation to highlight the differences between the Wave 1 and Wave 2 files.
  • 2017-04-03 An update was made to internal files to correct an issue with how missing values are displayed online through ICPSR's variables database.
  • 2017-03-23 Minor revisions were made to the Missing Values Code table within the User Guide and both Codebooks for Wave 2.
  • 2017-03-15 Data from Wave 2 of the study were added to the collection. The User Guide and Master Tobacco Brand and Product Code Guide were expanded to include information for Wave 2.
  • 2017-01-31 The variable R01X_CB_REGION in both the Wave 1 Adult and Youth/Parent files was updated to correct an error in the value labels. The values for codes 2 and 3 had been inadvertently swapped. The data did not change; only the value labels for codes 2 and 3 have been corrected.
  • 2016-11-28 An additional 40 derived variables were added to the end of the Wave 1 Youth / Parent file that are similar to those already in the Wave 1 Adult file. Information for individuals who withdrew from the study is denoted in the datasets by the special missing value -97777. Spanish versions of the annotated instruments are also now available.
  • 2016-05-24 The study's title changed with the removal of the year range. The Informed Consent Document and Non-Response Bias Analysis Report were changed from being study level files to being a part of the Wave 1 (DS1001 and DS1002) specific documentation.
  • 2016-04-22 An additional documentation file (Non-response_Report) was added to the collection.
  • 2016-04-20 Updated the file names only for the two study level documentation files (Informed_Consent and Tobacco_Brand) so that each file was easily identified and distinguishable from the other. No change was made to the content in either file.
  • 2016-04-18 Coding was updated for the sexual attraction variables. The questionnaires were revised to enhance the clarity of the ASK statements. The PDF codebooks now contain full question text from the questionnaires. Lastly, the PATH Study Master Tobacco Brand and Product Code Guide and an Informed Consent Document were also released.
  • 2016-01-13 PDF codebooks were released without question text. The codebooks will be updated in the near future that includes question text.

Related Publications

Variables

Browse Matching Variables

DS1: Master Linkage File

DS1001: Wave 1: Adult Data

R01R_NUM_YOUTH: DERIVED - Total number of people less than age 18 in the HH
Long Description: Total number of youth (less than 18 years old) in the household. Algorithm: Aggregate count of youths in household from screener.

DS1002: Wave 1: Youth / Parent Data

R01_EYOUTH: Emancipated youth
[EMANCIPATED YOUTH INDICATOR]
R01_PT0001: Parent or guardian relationship to youth
What is your relationship to {Child's first name}? [Would you say biological, adopted, or step mother / father?] ASK: Parent/guardian of sampled youth, about each sampled youth and each shadow sample youth. [GO TO: IF ASKING ABOUT A SAMPLED YOUTH, GO TO R01_PT0045. IF ASKING ABOUT A SHADOW SAMPLE YOUTH, GO TO BOX R01_P4.]
R01_PT0001_OS_1: Parent or guardian relationship to youth: Other relative - specify
What is your relationship to {Child's first name}? Other relative (SPECIFY): ASK: Parent/guardian of sampled youth, about each sampled youth and each shadow sample youth AND those that responded Other Relative (R01_PT0001=91). [GO TO: IF ASKING ABOUT A SAMPLED YOUTH, GO TO R01_PT0045. IF ASKING ABOUT A SHADOW SAMPLE YOUTH, GO TO BOX R01_P4.]
R01_PT0001_OS_2: Parent or guardian relationship to youth: Other non-relative - specify
What is your relationship to {Child's first name}? Non-relative (SPECIFY): ASK: Parent/guardian of sampled youth, about each sampled youth and each shadow sample youth AND those that responded Non Relative (R01_PT0001=92). [GO TO: IF ASKING ABOUT A SAMPLED YOUTH, GO TO R01_PT0045. IF ASKING ABOUT A SHADOW SAMPLE YOUTH, GO TO BOX R01_P4.]
R01_YT0019: Academic performance at school in past 12 months
[BOX R01_EYOUTH: This is the start of the Emancipated Youth questions. Questions R01_YT0019 - R01_YT0263 are asked of emancipated youth only, with the exception of R01_YX0525 which is asked of all youth.] [GO TO: IF NON-EMANCIPATED YOUTH (R01_EYOUTH = 2), GO TO R01_YX0525 IF EMANCIPATED YOUTH (R01_EYOUTH = 1), GO TO R01_YT0019.] How would you describe how you have performed at school in the past 12 months? Would you say your grades are . . . ? ASK: Emancipated youth respondents (R01_EYOUTH = 1).
R01_LEY01: Emancipated Youth's preferred language to complete ACASI interview
I'm going to give you the laptop to complete the survey. Do you prefer to answer questions in English or Spanish? ASK: All youth who signed the emancipated youth consent.
R01_PX0188: Youth has difficulty dressing or bathing
Does {Child's first name} have difficulty dressing or bathing? ASK: Parent/guardian of sampled youth.
R01_PT0002: Parent's spouse or partner relationship to youth
What is {FIRST NAME filled from R01_PT0046}'s relationship to {Child's first name}? [Would you say biological, step, adopted, or foster mother / father?] ASK: Parent/guardian of sampled youth that select a name in R01_PT0046. [DISPLAY NOTE: See questionnaire for information on how this question was displayed.]
R01_PT0035: Youth's overall health status
The next series of questions ask about {Child's first name}'s health. In general, would you say {Child's first name}'s overall health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor? ASK: Parent/guardian of sampled youth. [DISPLAY NOTE: See questionnaire for information on how this question was displayed.]
R01_PT0008_LB: Youth's current weight (pounds)
About how much does {Child's first name} weigh without clothes or shoes? POUNDS ASK: Parent/guardian of sampled youth. [PROGRAM: Allow entry for either pounds or kilograms - not both. Require entry for either pounds or kilograms - R01_PT0008 cannot be blank.]

DS2001: Wave 2: Adult Data

R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_ECIG: DERIVED - Wave 2 Adult Current Established E-Cigarette User
Long Description: Wave 2 Adult respondents who have ever used an e-cigarette, have ever used fairly regularly, and currently use every day or some days. Algorithm: IF (R01_AE1100 = 1 OR R02_AE1100 = 1) AND R02_AO1003C in (1,2), THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_ECIG = 1; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG in (2,3) OR R02_AO1003C=3 OR R02_AE1100=2, THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_ECIG = 2; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99999 OR R02_AE1100=-9 OR R02_AO1003C=-9, THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_ECIG = -99999; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99988 OR R02_AE1100=-8 OR R02_AO1003C=-8, THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_ECIG = -99988; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99977 OR R02_AE1100=-7 OR R02_AO1003C=-7, THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_ECIG = -99977; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99966 OR (R01_AE1100 in (-9,-8,-7,-1) AND R02_AE1100 != -1), THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_ECIG = -99966; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99911 OR R02_AE1100=-1 OR R02_AO1003C=-1, THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_ECIG = -99911; Notes: In Wave 1, youth respondents were not asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly. Therefore, data regarding regular use of a tobacco product in Wave 1 is not available for new baseline adults in Wave 2 (youth respondents in Wave 1 who aged up to adults in Wave 2). All new baseline adults in Wave 2 were asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly (R02_A*1100 items).
R02R_A_EDY_ECIG: DERIVED - Wave 2 Adult Current Everyday E-Cigarette User
Long Description: Wave 2 Adult respondents who have ever used an e-cigarette, have ever used fairly regularly, and currently use every day. Algorithm: IF (R01_AE1100 = 1 OR R02_AE1100 = 1) AND R02_AO1003C = 1, THEN R02R_A_EDY_ECIG = 1; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG in (2,3) OR R02_AO1003C in (2,3) OR R02_AE1100=2, THEN R02R_A_EDY_ECIG = 2; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99999 OR R02_AE1100=-9 OR R02_AO1003C=-9, THEN R02R_A_EDY_ECIG = -99999; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99988 OR R02_AE1100=-8 OR R02_AO1003C=-8, THEN R02R_A_EDY_ECIG = -99988; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99977 OR R02_AE1100=-7 OR R02_AO1003C=-7, THEN R02R_A_EDY_ECIG = -99977; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99966 OR (R01_AE1100 in (-9,-8,-7,-1) AND R02_AE1100 != -1), THEN R02R_A_EDY_ECIG = -99966; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99911 OR R02_AE1100=-1 OR R02_AO1003C=-1, THEN R02R_A_EDY_ECIG = -99911; Notes: In Wave 1, youth respondents were not asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly. Therefore, data regarding regular use of a tobacco product in Wave 1 is not available for new baseline adults in Wave 2 (youth respondents in Wave 1 who aged up to adults in Wave 2). All new baseline adults in Wave 2 were asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly (R02_A*1100 items).
R02R_A_SDY_ECIG: DERIVED - Wave 2 Adult Current Someday E-Cigarette User
Long Description: Wave 2 Adult respondents who have ever used an e-cigarette, have ever used fairly regularly, and currently use some days. Algorithm: IF ((R01_AE1100 = 1 OR R02_AE1100 = 1) AND R02_AO1003C = 2), THEN R02R_A_SDY_ECIG = 1; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG in (2,3) OR R02_AO1003C in (1,3) OR R02_AE1100=2, THEN R02R_A_SDY_ECIG = 2; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99999 OR R02_AE1100=-9 OR R02_AO1003C=-9, THEN R02R_A_SDY_ECIG = -99999; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99988 OR R02_AE1100=-8 OR R02_AO1003C=-8, THEN R02R_A_SDY_ECIG = -99988; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99977 OR R02_AE1100=-7 OR R02_AO1003C=-7, THEN R02R_A_SDY_ECIG = -99977; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99966 OR (R01_AE1100 in (-9,-8,-7,-1) AND R02_AE1100 != -1), THEN R02R_A_SDY_ECIG = -99966; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99911 OR R02_AE1100=-1 OR R02_AO1003C=-1, THEN R02R_A_SDY_ECIG = -99911; Notes: In Wave 1, youth respondents were not asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly. Therefore, data regarding regular use of a tobacco product in Wave 1 is not available for new baseline adults in Wave 2 (youth respondents in Wave 1 who aged up to adults in Wave 2). All new baseline adults in Wave 2 were asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly (R02_A*1100 items).
R02R_A_CUR_EXPR_ECIG: DERIVED - Wave 2 Adult Current Experimental E-Cigarette User
Long Description: Wave 2 Adult respondents who have never used e-cigarettes fairly regularly, and currently use every day or some days. Algorithm: IF R02_AE1100 = 2 AND R02_AO1003C in (1,2), THEN R02R_A_CUR_EXPR_ECIG = 1; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG in (2,3) OR R02_AO1003C=3 OR R02_AE1100=1 OR R01_AE1100=1, THEN R02R_A_CUR_EXPR_ECIG = 2; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99999 OR R02_AO1003C=-9 OR R02_AE1100=-9, THEN R02R_A_CUR_EXPR_ECIG = -99999; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99988 OR R02_AO1003C=-8 OR R02_AE1100=-8, THEN R02R_A_CUR_EXPR_ECIG = -99988; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99977 OR R02_AO1003C=-7 OR R02_AE1100=-7, THEN R02R_A_CUR_EXPR_ECIG = -99977; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99966 OR (R01_AE1100 in (-9,-8,-7,-1) AND R02_AE1100 != -1), THEN R02R_A_CUR_EXPR_ECIG = -99966; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99911 OR R02_AO1003C=-1 OR R02_AE1100=-1, THEN R02R_A_CUR_EXPR_ECIG = -99911; Notes: In Wave 1, youth respondents were not asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly. Therefore, data regarding regular use of a tobacco product in Wave 1 is not available for new baseline adults in Wave 2 (youth respondents in Wave 1 who aged up to adults in Wave 2). All new baseline adults in Wave 2 were asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly (R02_A*1100 items).
R02R_A_FMR_ESTD_ECIG: DERIVED - Wave 2 Adult Former Established E-Cigarette User
Long Description: Wave 2 Adult respondents who have ever used e-cigarettes fairly regularly and currently do not use at all. Algorithm: IF (R01_AE1100= 1 OR R02_AE1100 = 1) AND R02_AO1003C = 3, THEN R02R_A_FMR_ESTD_ECIG = 1; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG =2 OR R02_AO1003C in (1,2) OR R02_AE1100=2, THEN R02R_A_FMR_ESTD_ECIG = 2; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99999 OR R02_AE1100=-9 OR R02_AO1003C=-9, THEN R02R_A_FMR_ESTD_ECIG = -99999; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99988 OR R02_AE1100=-8 OR R02_AO1003C=-8, THEN R02R_A_FMR_ESTD_ECIG = -99988; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99977 OR R02_AE1100=-7 OR R02_AO1003C=-7, THEN R02R_A_FMR_ESTD_ECIG = -99977; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99966 OR (R01_AE1100 in (-9,-8,-7,-1) AND R02_AE1100 != -1), THEN R02R_A_FMR_ESTD_ECIG = -99966; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99911 OR R02_AE1100=-1 OR R02_AO1003C=-1, THEN R02R_A_FMR_ESTD_ECIG = -99911; Notes: In Wave 1, youth respondents were not asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly. Therefore, data regarding regular use of a tobacco product in Wave 1 is not available for new baseline adults in Wave 2 (youth respondents in Wave 1 who aged up to adults in Wave 2). All new baseline adults in Wave 2 were asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly (R02_A*1100 items).
R02R_A_FMR_EXPR_ECIG: DERIVED - Wave 2 Adult Former Experimental E-Cigarette User
Long Description: Wave 2 Adult respondents who have never used e-cigarettes fairly regularly, and did not use them in the past 12 months or currently use them not at all. Algorithm: IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG= 1 AND R02_AE1100 = 2 AND R02_AO1003C=3, THEN R02R_A_FMR_EXPR_ECIG = 1; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=2 OR R01_AE1100=1 OR R02_AE1100 = 1 OR R02_AO1003C IN (1, 2), THEN R02R_A_FMR_EXPR_ECIG=2; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99999 OR R02_AE1100=-9 OR R02_AO1003C=-9, THEN R02R_A_FMR_EXPR_ECIG = -99999; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99988 OR R02_AE1100=-8 OR R02_AO1003C=-8, THEN R02R_A_FMR_EXPR_ECIG = -99988; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99977 OR R02_AE1100=-7 OR R02_AO1003C=-7, THEN R02R_A_FMR_EXPR_ECIG = -99977; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99966 OR (R01_AE1100 in (-9,-8,-7,-1) AND R02_AE1100 != -1), THEN R02R_A_FMR_EXPR_ECIG = -99966; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_ECIG=-99911 OR R02_AE1100=-1 OR R02_AO1003C=-1, THEN R02R_A_FMR_EXPR_ECIG = -99911; Notes: In Wave 1, youth respondents were not asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly. Therefore, data regarding regular use of a tobacco product in Wave 1 is not available for new baseline adults in Wave 2 (youth respondents in Wave 1 who aged up to adults in Wave 2). All new baseline adults in Wave 2 were asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly (R02_A*1100 items).
R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_GTRAD: DERIVED - Wave 2 Adult Current Established Traditional Cigar Smoker
Long Description: Wave 2 Adult respondents who have ever smoked a traditional cigar, have ever smoked fairly regularly, and currently smoke every day or some days. Algorithm: IF ((R01_AG1100TC = 1 OR R02_AG1100TC = 1) AND R02_AG1003TC in (1,2)), THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_GTRAD = 1; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=2 OR R02_AG1003TC =3 OR R02_AG9003_12M=2 OR R02_AG1100TC=2 OR (R02_AG9003_12M in (-1,1) AND R02_AG1003TC=-1), THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_GTRAD = 2; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99999 OR R02_AG1100TC=-9 OR R02_AG1003TC=-9 OR R02_AG9003_12M=-9, THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_GTRAD = -99999; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99988 OR R02_AG1100TC=-8 OR R02_AG1003TC=-8 OR R02_AG9003_12M=-8, THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_GTRAD = -99988; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99977 OR R02_AG1100TC=-7 OR R02_AG1003TC=-7 OR R02_AG9003_12M=-7, THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_GTRAD = -99977; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99966 OR (R01_AG1100TC in (-9,-8,-7,-1) AND R02_AG1100TC != -1), THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_GTRAD = -99966; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99911 OR R02_AG1100TC=-1 OR R02_AG1003TC=-1 OR R02_AG9003_12M=-1, THEN R02R_A_CUR_ESTD_GTRAD = -99911; Notes: In Wave 1, youth respondents were not asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly. Therefore, data regarding regular use of a tobacco product in Wave 1 is not available for new baseline adults in Wave 2 (youth respondents in Wave 1 who aged up to adults in Wave 2). All new baseline adults in Wave 2 were asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly (R02_A*1100 items).
R02R_A_EDY_GTRAD: DERIVED - Wave 2 Adult Current Everyday Traditional Cigar Smoker
Long Description: Wave 2 Adult respondents who have ever smoked a traditional cigar, have ever smoked fairly regularly, and currently smoke every day. Algorithm: IF ((R01_AG1100TC = 1 OR R02_AG1100TC = 1) AND R02_AG1003TC = 1), THEN R02R_A_EDY_GTRAD = 1; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=2 OR R02_AG1003TC in (2,3) OR R02_AG9003_12M=2 OR R02_AG1100TC=2 OR (R02_AG9003_12M in (-1,1) AND R02_AG1003TC=-1), THEN R02R_A_EDY_GTRAD = 2; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99999 OR R02_AG1100TC=-9 OR R02_AG1003TC=-9 R02_AG9003_12M=-9, THEN R02R_A_EDY_GTRAD = -99999; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99988 OR R02_AG1100TC=-8 OR R02_AG1003TC=-8 R02_AG9003_12M=-8, THEN R02R_A_EDY_GTRAD = -99988; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99977 OR R02_AG1100TC=-7 OR R02_AG1003TC=-7 R02_AG9003_12M=-7, THEN R02R_A_EDY_GTRAD = -99977; ELSE IR R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99966 OR (R01_AG1100TC in (-9,-8,-7,-1) AND R02_AG1100TC != -1), THEN R02R_A_EDY_GTRAD = -99966; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99911 OR R02_AG1100TC=-1 OR R02_AG1003TC=-1 R02_AG9003_12M=-1, THEN R02R_A_EDY_GTRAD = -99911; Notes: In Wave 1, youth respondents were not asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly. Therefore, data regarding regular use of a tobacco product in Wave 1 is not available for new baseline adults in Wave 2 (youth respondents in Wave 1 who aged up to adults in Wave 2). All new baseline adults in Wave 2 were asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly (R02_A*1100 items).
R02R_A_SDY_GTRAD: DERIVED - Wave 2 Adult Current Someday Traditional Cigar Smoker
Long Description: Wave 2 Adult respondents who have ever smoked a traditional cigar, have ever smoked fairly regularly, and currently smoke some days. Algorithm: IF ((R01_AG1100TC = 1 OR R02_AG1100TC = 1) AND R02_AG1003TC = 2), THEN R02R_A_SDY_GTRAD = 1; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=2 OR R02_AG1003TC in (1,3) OR R02_AG9003_12M=2 OR R02_AG1100TC=2 OR (R02_AG9003_12M in (-1,1) AND R02_AG1003TC=-1), THEN R02R_A_SDY_GTRAD = 2; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99999 OR R02_AG1100TC=-9 OR R02_AG1003TC=-9 R02_AG9003_12M=-9, THEN R02R_A_SDY_GTRAD = -99999; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99988 OR R02_AG1100TC=-8 OR R02_AG1003TC=-8 R02_AG9003_12M=-8, THEN R02R_A_SDY_GTRAD = -99988; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99977 OR R02_AG1100TC=-7 OR R02_AG1003TC=-7 R02_AG9003_12M=-7, THEN R02R_A_SDY_GTRAD = -99977; ELSE IR R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99966 OR (R01_AG1100TC in (-9,-8,-7,-1) AND R02_AG1100TC != -1), THEN R02R_A_SDY_GTRAD = -99966; ELSE IF R02R_A_EVR_GTRAD=-99911 OR R02_AG1100TC=-1 OR R02_AG1003TC=-1 R02_AG9003_12M=-1, THEN R02R_A_SDY_GTRAD = -99911; Notes: In Wave 1, youth respondents were not asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly. Therefore, data regarding regular use of a tobacco product in Wave 1 is not available for new baseline adults in Wave 2 (youth respondents in Wave 1 who aged up to adults in Wave 2). All new baseline adults in Wave 2 were asked if they used a tobacco product fairly regularly (R02_A*1100 items).

DS2002: Wave 2: Youth / Parent Data

R02_E_YOUTH_LD: Emancipated youth
Long Description: Respondent is an emancipated youth.
R02_CONTINUING_YOUTH_LD: Youth respondent at Wave 1 is a Youth respondent at Wave 2
Long Description: Respondent completed a Youth interview during Wave 1 and a Youth interview during Wave 2
R02_NEW_BASELINE_YOUTH_LD: Shadow Youth at Wave 1 is a Youth respondent at Wave 2
Long Description: Respondent was a Shadow Youth during Wave 1 and completed a Youth interview during Wave 2
R02_CONTINUING_EYOUTH_LD: Emancipated Youth respondent at Wave 1 is an Emancipated Youth respondent at Wave 2
Long Description: Respondent completed an emancipated Youth interview during Wave 1 and an emancipated Youth interview during Wave 2
R02_NEW_BASELINE_EYOUTH_LD: Youth respondent at Wave 1 is an Emancipated Youth respondent at Wave 2
Long Description: Respondent completed a Youth interview during Wave 1 and an emancipated Youth interview during Wave 2
R02_YE1124: Likeliness of someone becoming addicted to e-cigarettes
How likely is someone to become addicted to e-cigarettes? ASK: New baseline youth respondents who have ever seen or heard of electronic nicotine products, or continuing youth respondents. ASK Specification: IF (R02_NEW_BASELINE_YOUTH_LD = 1 AND R02_YE1001_NB = 1) OR R02_CONTINUING_YOUTH_LD = 1.
R02_YH1124: Likeliness of someone becoming addicted to shisha or hookah tobacco
How likely is someone to become addicted to shisha or hookah tobacco? ASK: New baseline youth respondents who have seen or heard of hookah, or continuing youth respondents. ASK Specification: IF (R02_NEW_BASELINE_YOUTH_LD = 1 AND R02_YH1001_NB = 1) OR R02_CONTINUING_YOUTH_LD = 1.
R02_YM0006_NB_01: Race: White
What is your race? Choose all that apply. White ASK: New baseline youth respondents. ASK Specification: IF R02_NEW_BASELINE_YOUTH_LD = 1.
R02_YM0006_NB_05: Race: Chinese
What is your race? Choose all that apply. Chinese ASK: New baseline youth respondents. ASK Specification: IF R02_NEW_BASELINE_YOUTH_LD = 1.
R02_YM0006_NB_06: Race: Filipino
What is your race? Choose all that apply. Filipino ASK: New baseline youth respondents. ASK Specification: IF R02_NEW_BASELINE_YOUTH_LD = 1.

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