Principal Investigator(s): Smith, Tom W., National Opinion Research Center; Hout, Michael, National Opinion Research Center; Marsden, Peter V., National Opinion Research Center
The General Social Surveys (GSS) were designed as part of a data diffusion project in 1972. The GSS replicated questionnaire items and wording in order to facilitate time-trend studies. The latest survey, GSS 2012, includes a cumulative file that merges all 29 General Social Surveys into a single file containing data from 1972 to 2012. The items appearing in the surveys are one of three types: Permanent questions that occur on each survey, rotating questions that appear on two out of every three surveys (1973, 1974, and 1976, or 1973, 1975, and 1976), and a few occasional questions such as split ballot experiments that occur in a single survey. The 2012 surveys included seven topic modules: Jewish identity, generosity, workplace violence, science, skin tone, and modules for experimental and miscellaneous questions. The International Social Survey Program (ISSP) module included in the 2012 survey was gender. The data also contain several variables describing the demographic characteristics of the respondents.
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Smith, Tom W., Michael Hout, and Peter V. Marsden. General Social Survey, 1972-2012 [Cumulative File]. ICPSR34802-v1. Storrs, CT: Roper Center for Public Opinion Research, University of Connecticut /Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2013-09-11. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34802.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR34802.v1
This study was funded by:
- National Science Foundation
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: abortion, Affirmative Action, agriculture, AIDS, alcohol, altruism, birth control, business, capital punishment, children, citizenship, civil rights, communism, community participation, compensation, computer use, corporations, courts, crime, democracy, dissent, divorce, drug use, economic issues, employment, environment, environmental attitudes, environmental protection, ethnicity, euthanasia, expenditures, families, foreign affairs, freedom, gender, gender issues, gender roles, government, health, housing, human rights, hunting, immigration, income, industry, Jews, labor unions, marijuana, marriage, media coverage, mental health, military draft, military service, national identity, occupations, parents, patients, physicians, police, politics, poverty, prejudice, privacy, race relations, racial attitudes, religion, school prayer, science, sexual behavior, sexual preference, smoking, social classes, social inequality, social mobility, social networks, Social Security, sports, suicide, taxes, technology, television, terminal illnesses, terrorism, unemployment, welfare services, work, workplace violence
Smallest Geographic Unit: census region
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individual
Universe: All noninstitutionalized, English and Spanish speaking persons 18 years of age or older, living in the United States.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
Please note that NORC may have updated the General Social Survey data files. Additional information regarding the General Social Surveys can be found at the General Social Survey (GSS) Web site and the Roper Center Web site.
Sample: For sampling information, please see Appendix A of the ICPSR Codebook.
Weight: Due to the number of weights and various uses for them, users should refer to Appendix A of the ICPSR Codebook.
Mode of Data Collection: computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), face-to-face interview, telephone interview
- Created online analysis version with question text.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2013-09-11
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