The Effectiveness of Coordinated Outreach in Intimate Partner Violence Cases in Denver, Colorado 2007 to 2009 (ICPSR 30961)

Principal Investigator(s): DePrince, Anne, University of Denver; Belknap, Joanne, University Colorado-Boulder; Gover, Angela, University Colorado-Denver

Summary:

In collaboration with community- and system-based partners, the current study used an experimental design to test the impact of phone outreach from community-based agencies to women exposed to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) compared to phone referrals provided by system-based unit (i.e., the Victim Assistance Unit of the DPD or the City Attorney's Office) in a racially and ethnically diverse sample of women whose cases have come to the attention of the criminal justice system. The phone outreach was informed by an interdisciplinary team involving both system- and community-based team members. Participants, who were randomly selected to receive outreach or treatment-as-usual, were interviewed at three time points: after an incident of IPV was reported to the police (T1), 6 months after T1, and 12 months after T1. The study addressed three primary roles. First, investigators evaluated the effectiveness of a coordinated, community-based outreach program in improving criminal justice and victim safety and empowerment outcomes for IPV victims using a longitudinal, randomized control design. Second, victim and case characteristics that moderated outcomes were identified. Third, the influence of spatial characteristics on criminal justice outcomes was evaluated.

Access Notes

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Time 1 Data
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  Time 2 Data
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  Time 3 Data
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

DePrince, Anne, Joanne Belknap, and Angela Gover. The Effectiveness of Coordinated Outreach in Intimate Partner Violence Cases in Denver, Colorado 2007 to 2009. ICPSR30961-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2014-11-07. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR30961.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR30961.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2007-WG-BX-0002)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    demographic characteristics, domestic assault, domestic violence, intimate partner violence, outreach programs, post-traumatic stress disorder, spouse abuse, victim safety, victim services, victimization, violence against women

Smallest Geographic Unit:    City

Geographic Coverage:    Colorado, Denver, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2007--2009

Date of Collection:   

  • 2007-12-05--2008-07-14 (Time 1)
  • 2008-07 (Time 2)
  • 2009-01 (Time 3)

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    Women in Denver City/County who had an incident of IPV reported to law enforcement between December 5, 2007, and July 14, 2008.

Data Type(s):    experimental data

Data Collection Notes:

Although this study has spatial data, this release only includes quantitative data. Geo-spatial data was not archived at ICPSR and is not available as a part of this collection.

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The main purpose of the study was to test if early coordinated victim outreach would improve criminal justice outcomes as well as increase victim safety and empowerment. A secondary purpose of this study was to identify victim and case characteristics that moderated those criminal justice outcomes. Finally, the study evaluated the influence of spatial characteristics on criminal justice outcomes.

Study Design:    This project employed a randomized control design to evaluate an innovative outreach program from racially and ethnically diverse IPV victims whose cases have come to the attention of the criminal justice system. For the purposes of this experimental design, a team leader on the Triage Team used an algorithm to randomly assign women to the O (outreach) or R (referral) condition during the study period, thus allowing comparisons of the coordinated outreach intervention to the treatment-as-usual (referral) condition. Participants were interviewed at three different time periods. The first interview (T1) was conducted shortly after a report was filed (median of 26 days), the second was 6 months after T1, and the third interview was conducted 12 months after T1.

Sample:    The project employed a randomized control design whereby participants were randomly selected from the population of IPV cases referred to the Triage Team in Denver from December 5, 2007 through July 14, 2008 to receive outreach or treatment-as-usual.

Time Method:    Longitudinal

Weight:    None.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Description of Variables:   

TIME 1

There are a total of 748 variables with 236 cases in the Time 1 dataset. These data contain variables including: victim demographic variables (including age, education, employment, race/ethnicity, marital status, and children), victim's life trauma history, health (including head injuries, alcohol consumption, the relationship of the victim and offender (prior to and after incident), offender demographics (including employment and income), variables describing the incident, variables on offender physical aggression, injury scale, offender stalking/threats, victims likelihood of reporting incidents to police, police involvement/response to incident, legal procedures, criminal justice outcomes, victim's use of advocate programs, victims' social and other Support, victim's access to transportation, and victim's phone and internet access.

TIME 2

There are a total of 335 variables and 236 cases in the Time 2 dataset. These data contain variables including: Demographic Variables (including age, employment, marital status, and relation of offender to victim), victim's trauma history (since T1), health/substance use/personal safety variables, the victim's current living situation if with offender, psychological aggression (from offender or current partner), physical aggression (from offender or current partner), sexual coercion scale (from offender or current partner), injury scale (from offender or current partner), stalking and threats scale (from offender or current partner), protection order status, any contact by/from Offender, hesitance in reporting, criminal justice outcomes, victim's use of advocacy programs, victim's social and other support, victim's access to transportation, and whether victim's access to phone and internet was restricted by offender.

TIME 3

There are a total of 428 variables and 236 cases in the Time 3 dataset. These data contain variables including: demographic variables (employment, marital status, defendant relation, children), stages of change, victim's trauma history (since T2), health/substance use/personal safety, victim's memory of the incident, sleep habits, current living situation if with Offender, psychological aggression (offender or other partner), physical aggression (offender or other partner), sexual coercion scale (offender or other partner), Injury Scale (offender or other partner), stalking and threats scale (offender or other partner), protection order status, any contact by/from offender, hesitance in reporting, immigration status (victim and offender), family opinions of IPV, victim and offender arrest history, criminal justice outcomes, victim's perceived justice outcomes, victim's use of advocacy programs, victim's social and other support, success in obtaining resources (housing, food, education, etc.), access to transportation, and whether victim's access to phone and internet was restricted by offender.

Response Rates:    None.

Presence of Common Scales:   

Conflict Tactics Scale (Strauss, Hamby, Boney-McCoy, and Sugarman, 1996).

Response to Research Participation Questionnaire (Newman and Kaloupek, 2001, 2004).

Posttramatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (FOA, Cashman, Jaycox, and Perry, 1997).

Beck Depression Inventory (Beck, Steer, Ball, Ranieri, 1996).

Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (Cohen and Hoberman, 1983; Cohen, 1985).

Trauma Appraisal Questionnaire (DePrince, Zubriggen, CHU, and Smart, 2010).

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2014-11-07

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