National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program

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Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): Step 'N Out, 2002-2006 [United States] (ICPSR 30221) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

Step 'N Out is a research study designed to examine the potential of a new approach to address the re-entry needs of offenders who have substance abuse issues, one which integrates the systems of supervision and treatment. The study is a randomized clinical trial which enrolls subjects who are new to supervision. Those who are in the treatment arm of the study meet with their probation officer weekly for 12 weeks, with every other meeting including a treatment counselor. The PO and counselor have been trained to use motivational interviewing and collaborative behavioral techniques to explore the client's personal issues and triggers that may hamper his/her successful re-entry into the community. The probation officer and counselor work with the client to establish weekly recovery and social goals in the form of a written contract that enables the client to take responsibility for their own actions and decisions. In addition, the variables in this study generally cover topics on drug use and testing; demographics and criminal background; treatment programs and sessions; and finally, relationships between clients and their parole/probation officers.

Series: Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS) Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Screener Data - Download All Files (2,616 KB)
DS2:  Intake Data - Download All Files (6,672 KB)
DS3:  Administrative Data on Arrests and Incarceration - Download All Files (1,825 KB)
DS4:  Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment -- Intake Data - Download All Files (2,805 KB)
DS5:  Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment -- Three Month Follow-up Data - Download All Files (3,069 KB)
DS6:  Working Alliance Data - Download All Files (2,039 KB)
DS7:  Program Rating -- Baseline Data - Download All Files (2,077 KB)
DS8:  Program Rating -- Three Month Follow-up Data - Download All Files (2,161 KB)
DS9:  Urine Drug Test Data - Download All Files (1,956 KB)
DS10:  Three Month Urine Drug Test Data - Download All Files (1,957 KB)
DS11:  Nine Month Urine Drug Test Data - Download All Files (1,985 KB)
DS12:  Three Month Follow-up Data - Download All Files (5,005 KB)
DS13:  Nine Month Follow-up Data - Download All Files (5,105 KB)
DS14:  Nine Month Timeline Follow Back Data - Download All Files (91,250 KB)
DS15:  Client Evaluation Data - Download All Files (2,064 KB)
DS16:  Violations Data - Download All Files (2,974 KB)
DS17:  Abstraction Data - Download All Files (2,509 KB)

Study Description

Citation

Friedmann, Peter. Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): Step 'N Out, 2002-2006 [United States]. ICPSR30221-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-07-27. doi:10.3886/ICPSR30221.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   behavior modification, HIV, parole, postrelease programs, prisoner reentry, probation, probation services, social reintegration, substance abuse, treatment compliance, treatment programs

Smallest Geographic Unit:   institution

Geographic Coverage:   Connecticut, Delaware, Oregon, Rhode Island, United States, Virginia

Time Period:  

  • 2002--2006

Unit of Observation:   individual

Universe:   Adults in prison and parole systems.

Data Types:   clinical data, experimental data

Data Collection Notes:

Special Collaborators on this study include the following centers: Connecticut Research Center (Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services), Mid-Atlantic Research Center (University of Delaware, Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies), Pacific Coast Research Center (UCLA, Criminal Justice Research Group at Integrated Substance Abuse Programs), and Virginia Commonwealth University.

Methodology

Study Purpose:   There are five main aims of the Collaborative Behavioral Management program. The first aim is to negotiate realistic goals and objectives for the period of supervision/treatment. The second aim is to gain better control over clients' behavior by setting clear expectations at the beginning of the intervention and applying consistent, quick, and appropriate consequences (either positive or negative) for evidence that the client is or is not meeting those expectations. The third aim is to "Catch People Doing Things Right." The fourth aim is to instill a sense of procedural justice and decrease the perception that the system is unfair. The fifth aim is to sustain behavior change beyond the period of reinforcement, that is, after the intervention is complete.

Mode of Data Collection:   face-to-face interview, mixed mode, self-enumerated questionnaire

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Related Publications

Variables

Browse Matching Variables

DS1: Screener Data

Other Delusions
During the past 90 days did you ever feel that you had committed a crime or done something terrible for which you should be punished? Other delusions, e.g., delusions of guilt, jealousy, nihilism, poverty.

DS2: Intake Data

# Times Committed Other Crime Lifetime
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] 25. Other (Specify)
# Times Committed Other Crime Past 6 Mos
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] -IF "1" OR MORE, ASK: [HAND "CRIME CARD" TO RESPONDENT; RECORD RESPONSES IN "CRIME CHART"] b. Look at this card and tell me how many times in the last 6 months prior to the arrest date on the timeline you were involved in 25. Other (Specify)?
# Times Committed Other Crime Past 30 Days
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] -IF "1" OR MORE, ASK: [HAND "CRIME CARD" TO RESPONDENT; RECORD RESPONSES IN "CRIME CHART"] c. How many times in the last 30 days prior to the arrest date on the timeline were you involved in 25. Other (Specify)?
# Times Committed PI Past 6 Mos
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] -IF "1" OR MORE, ASK: [HAND "CRIME CARD" TO RESPONDENT; RECORD RESPONSES IN "CRIME CHART"] b. Look at this card and tell me how many times in the last 6 months prior to the arrest date on the timeline you were involved in 1. Public intoxication from alcohol or drugs?
# Times Committed PI Past 30 Days
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] -IF "1" OR MORE, ASK: [HAND "CRIME CARD" TO RESPONDENT; RECORD RESPONSES IN "CRIME CHART"] c. How many times in the last 30 days prior to the arrest date on the timeline were you involved in 1. Public intoxication from alcohol or drugs?
# Times Committed DWI Past 6 Mos
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] -IF "1" OR MORE, ASK: [HAND "CRIME CARD" TO RESPONDENT; RECORD RESPONSES IN "CRIME CHART"] b. Look at this card and tell me how many times in the last 6 months prior to the arrest date on the timeline you were involved in 2. Driving Under Influence of alcohol or drugs?
# Times Committed DWI Past 30 Days
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] -IF "1" OR MORE, ASK: [HAND "CRIME CARD" TO RESPONDENT; RECORD RESPONSES IN "CRIME CHART"] c. How many times in the last 30 days prior to the arrest date on the timeline were you involved in 2. Driving Under Influence of alcohol or drugs?
# People Died DWI Past 30 Days
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] -IF "1" OR MORE, ASK: [HAND "CRIME CARD" TO RESPONDENT; RECORD RESPONSES IN "CRIME CHART"] e. How many people died as a result of your involvement in 2. Driving Under Influence of alcohol or drugs during the 6 months prior prior to the arrest date on the timeline?
# Times Committed Illegal Drugs Past 6 Mos
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] -IF "1" OR MORE, ASK: [HAND "CRIME CARD" TO RESPONDENT; RECORD RESPONSES IN "CRIME CHART"] b. Look at this card and tell me how many times in the last 6 months prior to the arrest date on the timeline you were involved in 3. Use or possession of illegal drugs?
# Times Committed Illegal Drugs Past 30 Days
5. a. How many times during your life have you ever been involved in activities that were against the law? For example, the number of times you committed any of the following activities regardless of arrests. The activities we are talking about are listed on the card. [RECORD RESPONSE IN "CRIME CHART"; IF "00" SKIP TO NEXT ACTIVITY] -IF "1" OR MORE, ASK: [HAND "CRIME CARD" TO RESPONDENT; RECORD RESPONSES IN "CRIME CHART"] c. How many times in the last 30 days prior to the arrest date on the timeline were you involved in 3. Use or possession of illegal drugs?

DS12: Three Month Follow-up Data

Arrested for Other Crime (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 25. Other (Specify)
Arrested for Possession Intent to Dist (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 4. Possession with intent to distribute.
Arrested for Possession Drug Para (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 5. Possession of drug paraphernalia
Arrested for Drug Manuf (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 6. Manufacture or growing of drugs
Arrested for Drug Sale (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 7. Sale or distribution of drugs
Arrested for Prostitution/Pimping (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 11. Prostitution or pimping.
Arrested for Larceny (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 13.Shoplifting/larceny/embezzlement
Arrested for Kidnapping (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 17. Kidnapping/hostage taking
Arrested for Terrorism (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 18. Terrorists threats/acts
Arrested for Arson (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 20. Arson offenses.

DS13: Nine Month Follow-up Data

Arrested for Other Crime (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 25. Other (Specify)
Arrested for Possession Intent to Dist (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 4. Possession with intent to distribute.
Arrested for Possession Drug Para (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 5. Possession of drug paraphernalia
Arrested for Drug Manuf (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 6. Manufacture or growing of drugs
Arrested for Drug Sale (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 7. Sale or distribution of drugs
Arrested for Prostitution/Pimping (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 11. Prostitution or pimping.
Arrested for Larceny (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 13.Shoplifting/larceny/embezzlement
Arrested for Kidnapping (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 17. Kidnapping/hostage taking
Arrested for Terrorism (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 18. Terrorists threats/acts
Arrested for Arson (recall period)
5b. Were you arrested for [crime]? 20. Arson offenses.

DS14: Nine Month Timeline Follow Back Data

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