Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement and Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 1997-2010 -- Concatenated Matched Data [United States] (ICPSR 27543)

Alternate Title:   CJRP/JRFC Concatenated Matched Data

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention


This collection includes data from the CENSUS OF JUVENILES IN RESIDENTIAL PLACEMENT (CJRP), 1997-2010 -- CONCATENATED DATA [UNITED STATES] (ICPSR 27541) and the JUVENILE RESIDENTIAL FACILITY CENSUS (JRFC), 2000-2010 -- CONCATENATED DATA [UNITED STATES] (ICPSR 27542) that were matched on the facility identifier to create one data file. The CJRP asked juvenile residential custody facilities in the United States to describe each youth assigned a bed in the facility on a specified reference date. For 1997, the reference date was the fifth Wednesday in October. For 1999-2003 and 2007, the reference date was the fourth Wednesday in October. For 2006 and 2010, the reference date was the fourth Wednesday in February. Characteristics of the facility, treatment services, and facility population were also collected in the CJRP. The JRFC collected information on facility characteristics, including size, structure, security arrangements, ownership, and use of bed space in the facility. The JRFC used four modules to collect information on the physical health services, educational services, substance abuse treatment, and mental health treatment provided to youth in these facilities. These four modules were not always collected each year. The JRFC also identified the type of facility, which was complemented with a series of questions about other residential services provided by the facility, such as independent living, foster care, or other arrangements. The JRFC has been administered biennially since 2000, in even-numbered years. The JRFC census reference date is the fourth Wednesday in October. Each record in the concatenated matched data file provides information about the juvenile and also includes the characteristics of the facility in which the juvenile was held from both the CJRP and JRFC collections. Therefore, these data can be analyzed at the juvenile or facility level. Only facilities that held at least one juvenile for an offense on the CJRP census reference date are included in this file, i.e., all facilities in the biennial JRFC data may not be included in this concatenated matched file. Data were harmonized so that variables present across years are identically named to facilitate analysis.

Series: Matched Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP)/Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    The data are restricted from general dissemination and are only available through remote access using the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data's Restricted Survey Documentation and Analysis (RSDA) system. Users interested in accessing these data through NACJD's RSDA system must complete a RSDA Data Use Agreement form and specify the reasons for the request. Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR restricted data contract portal.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

    This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.


Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement and Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 1997-2010 -- Concatenated Matched Data [United States]
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement and Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 1997-2010 -- Concatenated Matched Data [United States]. ICPSR27543-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-03-08. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR27543.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR27543.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    census data, correctional facilities, drug law offenses, educational needs, group homes, health care services, juvenile detention, juvenile offenders, juveniles, mental health services, person offenses, pregnancy, property crimes, status offenses, substance abuse treatment, vaccines

Smallest Geographic Unit:    state

Geographic Coverage:    Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York (state), North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Time Period:   

  • 1997
  • 1999
  • 2000
  • 2001
  • 2002
  • 2003
  • 2004
  • 2006
  • 2007
  • 2008
  • 2010

Date of Collection:   

  • 1997-10-29 (CJRP 1997: fifth Wednesday in October 1997)
  • 1999-10-27 (CJRP 1999: fourth Wednesday in October 1999)
  • 2000-10-25 (JRFC 2000: fourth Wednesday in October 2000)
  • 2001-10-24 (CJRP 2001: fourth Wednesday in October 2001)
  • 2002-10-23 (JRFC 2002: fourth Wednesday in October 2002)
  • 2003-10-22 (CJRP 2003: fourth Wednesday in October 2003)
  • 2004-10-27 (JRFC 2004: fourth Wednesday in October 2004)
  • 2006-02-22 (CJRP 2006: fourth Wednesday in February 2006)
  • 2006-10-25 (JRFC 2006: fourth Wednesday in October 2006)
  • 2007-10-24 (CJRP 2007: fourth Wednesday in October 2007)
  • 2008-10-22 (JRFC 2008: fourth Wednesday in October 2008)
  • 2010-02-24 (CJRP 2010: fourth Wednesday in February 2010)
  • 2010-10-27 (JRFC 2010: fourth Wednesday in October 2010)

Unit of Observation:    individual, facility

Universe:    Juveniles held in a juvenile residential facility in the United States for an offense on the census reference date in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, and 2010 and the facilities that held them between 1997 and 2010.

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

Additional information about national juvenile corrections data collections sponsored by OJJDP is available from the National Juvenile Corrections Data Resource Guide.

Individual years of data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) and Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC), a complement to the CJRP data, are available through enclave access. Users interested in utilizing the enclave data must complete an Application for Use of the ICPSR Data Enclave. Additional data in the CJRP Series, JRFC Series, and the Matched CJRP/JRFC Series are available through the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data's Restricted Survey Documentation and Analysis (RSDA) system. Users interested in accessing these data through NACJD's RSDA system must complete a RSDA Data Use Agreement.

The CJRP reference date was generally the fourth Wednesday in October. However, the 1997 CJRP reference date was October 29, 1997, which was the fifth Wednesday of the month. Additionally, a set of unforeseen circumstances prevented the 2005 and 2009 mailouts from taking place in October of each year. The census date for these collections took place in the following February.



The CJRP facility inclusion criteria were as follows: residential facilities in operation on the census reference date (generally the fourth Wednesday in October), public or private (or tribal since 1999) operation, and intended for juvenile offenders (although some hold adults as well). Specifically excluded were: nonresidential facilities, detention centers operated as part of adult jails, facilities exclusively for drug abusers or dependent/neglected youth, foster homes, and federal correctional facilities (e.g., Immigration and Naturalization Service, Bureau of Indian Affairs, United States Marshalls, or Bureau of Prisons). The CJRP inclusion criteria for individual-level data were as follows: youth under age 21, assigned a bed in a residential facility at the end of the day on the census reference day, charged with an offense or court-adjudicated for an offense, and in residential placement because of that offense.

The JRFC inclusion criteria for facilities in the census were: the facility must house persons under the age of 21 who were charged with or adjudicated for an offense, and were present in the facility on the reference date because of that offense. JRFC did not capture data on adult prisons or jails, nor did it include facilities that were used exclusively for mental health or substance abuse treatment or for dependent children.

Mode of Data Collection:    mail questionnaire

Data Source:

United States Bureau of the Census questionnaires

Response Rates:    Using the number of in-scope facilities (i.e., able to hold juvenile offenders over night) as a base, the CJRP facility response rate was 96 percent in 1997, 100 percent in 1999, 99 percent in 2001, 100 percent in 2003, 100 percent in 2006, 100 percent in 2007, and 93 percent in 2010. The response rates for the JRFC are not available.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2012-04-25

Version History:

  • 2013-03-08 Additional years of data (CJRP 2007, JRFC 2008, CJRP 2010, and JRFC 2010) have been added to the CJRP/JRFC Concatenated Matched Data.

Related Publications


Browse Matching Variables

S2Q9B. [22004, 2006] Do ANY girls/young women assigned beds here receive a gynecological examination at a location either INSIDE or OUTSIDE of this facility? A gynecological examination involves a nurse, physician assistant, doctor, or OB/GYN physician gathering a medical history regarding reproductive health and sexual behavior, and conducting a pelvic and breast examination. Mark (X) ONE response.


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