Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2000-2010 -- Concatenated Data [United States] (ICPSR 27542)

Alternate Title:  JRFC Concatenated Data

Principal Investigator(s):


The Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) collected basic information on facility characteristics, including size, structure, security arrangements, and ownership. It also collected information on the use of bedspace in the facility to indicate whether the facility was experiencing crowding. The JRFC included questions about the type of facility, such as detention center, training school, ranch, or group home. This information was complemented by a series of questions about other residential services provided by the facility, such as independent living, foster care, or other arrangements. JRFC used four modules to collect information on the physical health services, educational services, substance abuse treatment, and mental health treatment provided to youth in these facilities. These four modules were not always collected each year. While not evaluating the effectiveness or quality of these services, the JRFC gathered important information about the youth the services were directed toward and how the services were provided. The census indicated the use of screenings or tests conducted to determine counseling, education, health, or substance abuse needs, and also examined prominent issues about conditions of confinement, including the restraint of youth and improper absences from the facility. The JRFC has been administered biennially since 2000, in even-numbered years. The census reference date is the fourth Wednesday in October.

Series: Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.

    The data are restricted from general dissemination and are only available through remote access using the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data's Restricted Survey Documentation and Analysis (RSDA) system. Users interested in accessing these data through NACJD's RSDA system must complete a RSDA Data Use Agreement form and specify the reasons for the request. Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR restricted data contract portal.

  • These data are available to the general public.

  • National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

    This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.


Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2000-2010 -- Concatenated Data [United States]
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2000-2010 -- Concatenated Data [United States]. ICPSR27542-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-03-08. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR27542.v2

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   census data, correctional facilities, educational needs, group homes, health care services, juvenile detention, juvenile offenders, juveniles, mental health services, pregnancy, substance abuse treatment, vaccines

Smallest Geographic Unit:   state

Geographic Coverage:   Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York (state), North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Time Period:  

  • 2000
  • 2002
  • 2004
  • 2006
  • 2008
  • 2010

Date of Collection:  

  • 2000-10-25
  • 2002-10-23
  • 2004-10-27
  • 2006-10-25
  • 2008-10-22
  • 2010-10-27

Unit of Observation:   facility

Universe:   Juvenile residential facilities in the United States holding at least one juvenile for an offense on the census reference date in 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010.

Data Types:   census/enumeration data

Data Collection Notes:

Additional information about the JRFC and other national juvenile corrections data collections sponsored by OJJDP is available from the National Juvenile Corrections Data Resource Guide.

Individual years of data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) and Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC), a complement to the CJRP data, are available through enclave access. Users interested in utilizing the enclave data must complete an Application for Use of the ICPSR Data Enclave. Additional data in the CJRP Series, JRFC Series, and the Matched CJRP/JRFC Series are available through the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data's Restricted Survey Documentation and Analysis (RSDA) system. Users interested in accessing these data through NACJD's RSDA system must complete a RSDA Data Use Agreement.


Sample:   The inclusion criteria for facilities in the census were: the facility must house persons under the age of 21 who were charged with or adjudicated for an offense, and were present in the facility on the reference date because of that offense. JRFC did not capture data on adult prisons or jails, nor did it include facilities that are used exclusively for mental health or substance abuse treatment or for dependent children.

Mode of Data Collection:   mail questionnaire

Data Source:

United States Bureau of the Census questionnaires

Response Rates:   Not available.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2013-03-08 Additional years of data (JRFC 2008 and JRFC 2010) have been added to the JRFC Concatenated Data.

Related Publications (?)


Browse Matching Variables

S1Q10B_1 What kind of treatment is provided INSIDE this facility? -- Mental health treatment?
Note E: Questions 5 through 15 [2000/2002 only] ask about mental health services provided at a location INSIDE this facility. Later you will be asked about mental health care services provided at a location OUTSIDE this facility. S3Q5 [2000]/S2Q5 [2002] Do young persons assigned beds here receive mental health services other than a suicide evaluation INSIDE this facility? Mental health services include: - evaluations and appraisals conducted by mental health professionals to diagnose or to identify mental health needs - ongoing mental health therapy - ongoing counseling If no, Go to Q. 12.
S3Q10A [2006] S2Q10A [2010] Is ongoing COUNSELING provided for these mental health problems provided INSIDE or OUTSIDE this facility by a COUNSELOR?
S3Q3 [2000]/S2Q3 [2002]/S3Q2 [2006]/S2Q2 [2010] Who evaluates young persons for suicide risk? Mark (X) all that apply Q3_3. A mental health professional, as defined in the box [below]. IMPORTANT NOTE [2006]: "Mental health professionals" are limited in this census to -- psychiatrists, psychologists with at least a Master's degree in PSYCHOLOGY, and social workers with at least a Master's in SOCIAL WORK (MSW, LCSW) "Counselors" in this census are persons with a Master's degree in a field other than psychology or social work, or persons whose highest degree is a Bachelor's in any field.
S3Q13A [2000]/S2Q13A [2002]/S3Q16A [2006]/S2Q16A [2010] Are there one or more special living/sleeping unit(s) in this facility reserved just for young persons with mental health problems that are separate from other living/sleeping units? If no, go to Q14; 2006, 2010 if no, go to Q17a.
S3Q18B [2000]/S2Q18B [2002] Which of the following mental health services are provided by a MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONAL at a location OUTSIDE of this facility? Mark (X) all that apply. Q18B_1 Mental health evaluation/appraisal.
S3Q13 [2006] S2Q13 [2010] Which young persons are evaluated or appraised by a MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONAL? Mark (X) all that apply Q13_6 Young persons for whom no mental health record is available.
S5Q6B [2010] What reasons prevented MENTAL HEALTH CARE from being secured for young persons in need? Mark (X) all that apply. Q6B_1 Long-term shortages of mental health care staffing at this facility.
S2Q19A [2010] Upon a young person's departure from this facility, is information regarding their mental health status, services and/or needs communicated to the young persons' new placement or residence?
Note E: Questions 9 through 18 ask about mental health services provided at a location INSIDE or OUTSIDE this facility. INSIDE refers to any location on the facility grounds. OUTSIDE refers to any location in the community or off facility grounds. S3Q9 [2006] S2Q9 [2010] Do young persons assigned beds receive mental health services other than a suicide evaluation either INSIDE or OUTSIDE this facility?


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