Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): National Criminal Justice Treatment Program (NCJTP) Survey in the United States, 2002-2008 (ICPSR 27382)

Principal Investigator(s): Taxman, Faye S., George Mason University

Summary:

The National Criminal Justice Treatment Practices (NCJTP) Survey provides a comprehensive inquiry into the nature of programs and services provided to adult and juvenile offenders involved in the justice system in the United States. Participants included key criminal justice administrators, operations managers, and staff. This survey was conducted in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The survey involved a myriad of state, regional, and local organizations employing a mix of their own staff and contracted personnel, and services that might involve multiple levels of government. It was a self-administrated, paper-and-pencil questionnaire. The methodology included a multilevel approach that captured the perspective of executives, front-line administrators, and line staff about current practices in a range of institutional and community correctional settings for adults and juveniles. The goals for this survey were: to describe current drug treatment practices, policies, and delivery systems for offenders on probation or parole supervision, and in jails, prisons, and youth institutions; to examine agency structures, resources, and other organizational factors that may affect service delivery, including mission, leadership, climate, culture, and beliefs about rehabilitation versus punishment; and to assess coordination and integration across criminal justice agencies and between corrections and treatment systems. Items in the survey included: respondent characteristics, organizational characteristics, correctional programs characteristics (e.g., size, nature, etc.), substance abuse treatment programs characteristics, social networks/agencies collaboration, integration of services with other agencies, attitudes toward punishment and rehabilitation (personal values), organizational needs assessment, organizational culture and climate for treatment, cynicism toward change, organizational commitment to treatment, and perspectives on intradepartmental coordination.

Series: Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS) Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
Manual.pdf   
DS1:  S1: Survey of Executives Data - Download All Files (6.072 MB)
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DS2:  S3A: Survey of Administrators Data - Download All Files (18.27 MB)
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DS3:  S3B: Survey of Treatment Program Directors Data - Download All Files (10.692 MB)
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DS4:  S4A: Survey of Correctional, Probation, and Parole Staff Data - Download All Files (9.299 MB)
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ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
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DS5:  S4B: Survey of Treatment Staff Data - Download All Files (7.629 MB)
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Study Description

Citation

Taxman, Faye S. Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): National Criminal Justice Treatment Program (NCJTP) Survey in the United States, 2002-2008. ICPSR27382-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-09. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR27382.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR27382.v1

Export Citation:

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    addiction, alcohol abuse, cocaine, controlled drugs, correctional facilities (adults), correctional facilities (juveniles), drug abuse, drug dependence, drug offenders, drug overdose, drug testing, drug use, hallucinogens, heroin, marijuana, steroid use, substance abuse treatment

Smallest Geographic Unit:    county

Geographic Coverage:    District of Columbia, United States

Time Period:   

  • 2002--2008

Date of Collection:   

  • 2002--2008 (Phase 1)
  • 2008--2010 (Phase 2)

Universe:    The universe for Part 1 (Survey of Executives Data) includes all executives of state agencies, executives in correctional agencies responsible for programs and services. The universe for Part 2 (Survey of Administrators Data) includes administrators responsible for the facility, office, or program identified in adult prisons, juvenile residential facilities, and community sample. For Part 3 (Survey of Treatment Program Directors Data), the universe includes prison wardens, directors of juvenile facilities, jail wardens and directors (who were sheriffs in some counties), and administrators responsible for local probation and parole offices. The universe for Part 4 (Survey of Correctional, Probation, and Parole Staff Data) Include staff working in prison and community-based agencies and programs that were located in states covered by the Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS). And the universe for Part 5 (Survey of Treatment Staff Data) includes all the treatment staffs working in prisons and community-based agencies, and programs that were located in states covered by the CJ-DATS.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The survey involves a myriad of state, regional, and local organizations employing a mix of their own staff and contracted personnel, and the services may involve multiple levels of government.

Reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) overseeing research at each of the 11 research centers comprising National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) CJ-DATS network.

The sampling frame for S2: Survey of corrections clinical directors and alcohol and drug agency directors data was based on having one central person in each agency that was aware of the programs and services offered. It was determined that at the end the data provided could not be validated because most agencies did not have one central person who knew the agency programs and services. It was determined to use S3 data for the national estimates.

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The objectives of this study were to describe the current drug treatment practices, policies, and delivery systems of offenders on probation or parole supervision, and in jails, prisons, and youth institutions. In addition, it was meant to examine agency structures, resources, and other organizational factors that may affect service delivery, including mission, leadership, climate, culture, and beliefs about rehabilitation versus punishment. Finally, it assesses the coordination and integration across criminal justice agencies and between corrections and treatment systems.

Study Design:    The mode of the survey was a self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaire. This study consisted of a survey delivered to employees within correctional and treatment systems nationally, including agency administrators, wardens, program managers, and counselors and correctional officers. The survey included questions about the organizational structure and resources, the work environment, support for treatment, the value and purpose of substance abuse treatment, and the type and amount of treatment services offered. It was estimated the survey would take about 30 to 60 minutes to complete. Administrators also requested the permission of agency directors that staff who participate should be allowed to complete the survey during regular work hours. Participants were able to access the findings at the CJ-DATS (www.cjdats.org) Web site and by the researchers.

Sample:    The sampling for the study consisted of: (1) census of state correctional agency executives and clinical coordinators, and state alcohol and drug abuse directors, (2) adult prison sample, (3) juvenile residential facilities sample, and (4) community sample.

Mode of Data Collection:    mail questionnaire, mixed mode

Response Rates:    The response rate for Part 1 (Survey of Executives Data) was 70.8 percent. The response rate for Part 2 (Survey of Administrators Data) and Part 3 (Survey of Treatment Program Directors Data) totaled 62.5 percent. The response rate for Part 4 (Survey of Correctional, Probation, and Parole Staff Data) and Part 5 (Survey of Treatment Staff Data) totaled 33.9 percent.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited. To protect respondent privacy, the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) has removed direct identifiers, some sensitive text information and characteristics that might lead to identification of data subjects.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2010-08-09

Related Publications

Variables

Browse Matching Variables

DS1: S1: Survey of Executives Data

IMPORTANCE SUBS ABUSE TREATMENT-PRISON
14a1. On a scale of 1 (unimportant) to 10 (very important), rate the importance of providing substance abuse treatment to offenders with drug problems in prison (1-10)
IMPORTANCE SUBS ABUSE TREATMENT-COMMUNIT
14a2. On a scale of 1 (unimportant) to 10 (very important), rate the importance of providing substance abuse treatment to offenders with drug problems in community (1-10)
IMP-JUDICIAL PRIORITIES
15. Rate the impact of each of the following influences, either negative or positive, on the delivery of substance abuse treatment within your organization. Influence of c. Judicial priorities
IMP-LAWSUITS
15. Rate the impact of each of the following influences, either negative or positive, on the delivery of substance abuse treatment within your organization. Influence of h. lawsuits
IMP-OTHER
15. Rate the impact of each of the following influences, either negative or positive, on the delivery of substance abuse treatment within your organization. Influence of p. Other (specify)
PERSON RESP FOR COORD SUB ABUSE TX
20a. In your organization, is there a person responsible for coordinating substance abuse treatment services across the various components of your agency and the rest of the criminal justice system?
CONTACT-SUBS ABUSE TX STAFF
24. In your position, how frequently do you have direct contact (in person) with the following people? c) Substance abuse treatment staff
IMP-EDUCATIONGED
14b. Below are examples of programs that may be offered to offenders in correctional settings. Using the scale shown, rate the importance of providing each program compared to substance abuse treatment. a. Education/GED
IMP-HIVAIDS TREATMENT
14b. Below are examples of programs that may be offered to offenders in correctional settings. Using the scale shown, rate the importance of providing each program compared to substance abuse treatment. b. HIV/AIDS counseling and/or treatment
IMP-MENTAL HEALTH COUNSELING
14b. Below are examples of programs that may be offered to offenders in correctional settings. Using the scale shown, rate the importance of providing each program compared to substance abuse treatment. c. Mental health counseling

DS2: S3A: Survey of Administrators Data

Use of Substance Abuse treatment Tool (SEE Documentation for Part 2)
Whether a facility uses Substance Abuse treatment Tool
SUB AB CURR-MOTIVATIONAL INTERVIEWING
40. Please identify the substance abuse treatment curriculum that you use in any programs you offer. 4) Motivational Interviewing
SUB AB CURR-OTHER
40. Please identify the substance abuse treatment curriculum that you use in any programs you offer. 5) Other (specify)
SUB AB CURR-UNSURE
40. Please identify the substance abuse treatment curriculum that you use in any programs you offer. 6) Unsure
NUMBER OF AGENCIES PROVIDE SUBS ABUSE TX
42. How many other agencies do you typically use to provide substance abuse treatment services?
SUBS ABUSE TREATMENT APPROACHES
43. Which of the following substance abuse treatment approaches or orientations are followed in your facility/location?
IMPORTANCE SUBS ABUSE TREATMENT-PRISON
36. a1. On a scale of 1 (unimportant) to 10 (very important), rate the importance of providing substance abuse treatment to offenders with drug problems in prison (1-10)
IMPORTANCE SUBS ABUSE TREATMENT-COMMUNIT
36. a2. On a scale of 1 (unimportant) to 10 (very important), rate the importance of providing substance abuse treatment to offenders with drug problems in community (1-10)
IMP-JUDICIAL PRIORITIES
37.Rate the impact of each of the following influences, either negative or positive, on the delivery of substance abuse treatment within your organization. Influence of c. Judicial priorities
IMP-OTHER
37.Rate the impact of each of the following influences, either negative or positive, on the delivery of substance abuse treatment within your organization. Influence of n. Other (specify)

DS3: S3B: Survey of Treatment Program Directors Data

SUB AB TXT-THOSE IN CHARGE HEAR IDEAS
58. Substance abuse treatment services in your facility/location a. Those in charge of substance abuse treatment programs are eager to hear ideas about how to improve substance abuse treatment practices
EMPHASIS-SENIOR ADM RESPECT SUB AB TXT
56. Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location f. Senior administrators have respect for substance abuse treatment services
SUB AB TXT-PEOPLE ENCOURAGE TO SUGGEST
58. Substance abuse treatment services in your facility/location c. People are encouraged to make suggestions on how to improve substance abuse treatment practices
SUB AB TXT-PEOPLE FEEL CONFIDENT
58. Substance abuse treatment services in your facility/location d. People feel confident that their suggestions for improving substance abuse treatment are given serious consideration
SUB AB TXT-EASY TO COMMUN UPWARD
58. Substance abuse treatment services in your facility/location e. It is easy to communicate upward to higher levels on issues concerning substance abuse treatment practices
EMPHASIS-KEPT INFORMED OF EFFECTIVENESS
56. Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/locatio a. We are regularly kept informed about the effectiveness of our substance abuse treatment programs (e.g., through data on recidivism rates)
EMPHASIS-STRONG COMMIT TO IMPROVING
56. Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location c. There is a strong commitment to improving the quality of the substance abuse treatment programs we provide
EMPHASIS-MANAGERS RECOG EFFECTIVE TXT
56. Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location d. Managers recognize and appreciate providing effective substance abuse treatment services to offenders

DS4: S4A: Survey of Correctional, Probation, and Parole Staff Data

Worked in any of the following? Substance abuse treatment
Worked in any of the following? Substance abuse treatment
Substance abuse treatment: during my career
16. Please check the box of the programs/services that you have worked in during your career and whether you currently work with this program/service in your facility/location. A1. Substance abuse treatment Worked during my career
Substance abuse treatment: Currently work with at this facility/location
16. Please check the box of the programs/services that you have worked in during your career and whether you currently work with this program/service in your facility/location. A2. Substance abuse treatment Currently work with at this facility/location
Treatment staff needs training in assessing offender problems and needs
28. Using the following scale, indicate your substance abuse treatment staff need for training in the following areas: Treatment staff needs training in assessing offender problems and needs
Treatment staff needs training in increasing offender participation in treatment
28. Using the following scale, indicate your substance abuse treatment staff need for training in the following areas: Treatment staff needs training in increasing offender participation in treatment
Treatment staff needs training in improving rapport with offenders
28. Using the following scale, indicate your substance abuse treatment staff need for training in the following areas: Treatment staff needs training in improving rapport with offenders
Treatment staff needs training in working effectively with different racial or ethnic groups
28. Using the following scale, indicate your substance abuse treatment staff need for training in the following areas: Treatment staff needs training in working effectively with different racial or ethnic groups
Treatment staff needs training in providing counseling for offenders mental health problems
28. Using the following scale, indicate your substance abuse treatment staff need for training in the following areas: Treatment staff needs training in providing counseling for offenders mental health problems

DS5: S4B: Survey of Treatment Staff Data

There is a strong commitment to improving the quality of the substance abuse treatment programs we provide.
Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location There is a strong commitment to improving the quality of the substance abuse treatment programs we provide.
Supervisors recognize and appreciate providing effective substance abuse treatment services to offenders.
Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location Supervisors recognize and appreciate providing effective substance abuse treatment services to offenders.
Senior administrators have respect for substance abuse treatment services.
Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location Senior administrators have respect for substance abuse treatment services.
Staff are given the training they need to provide effective substance abuse treatment services.
Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location Staff are given the training they need to provide effective substance abuse treatment services.
Correctional staff see the importance of the substance abuse treatment programs that treatment staff provide.
Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location Correctional staff see the importance of the substance abuse treatment programs that treatment staff provide.
Efforts to improve the quality of the substance abuse treatment services that are provided here are recognized and appreciated.
Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location Efforts to improve the quality of the substance abuse treatment services that are provided here are recognized and appreciated.
There is a high level of leadership shown by management to improve the quality of our substance abuse treatment services.
Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location There is a high level of leadership shown by management to improve the quality of our substance abuse treatment services.
When things are being done in such a way that they compromise the delivery of substance abuse treatment services, supervisors step in and take action.
Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location When things are being done in such a way that they compromise the delivery of substance abuse treatment services, supervisors step in and take action.
Most correctional staff go out of their way to minimize interfering with substance abuse treatment services.
Emphasis and priority given to substance abuse treatment services in this facility/location Most correctional staff go out of their way to minimize interfering with substance abuse treatment services.
Things run smoothly when it comes to providing offenders with substance abuse treatment services.
Coordination between the different departments or units in this facility/location when it comes providing substance abuse treatment services Things run smoothly when it comes to providing offenders with substance abuse treatment services.

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