National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program

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Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): National Criminal Justice Treatment Program (NCJTP) Survey in the United States, 2002-2008 (ICPSR 27382) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The National Criminal Justice Treatment Practices (NCJTP) Survey provides a comprehensive inquiry into the nature of programs and services provided to adult and juvenile offenders involved in the justice system in the United States. Participants included key criminal justice administrators, operations managers, and staff. This survey was conducted in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The survey involved a myriad of state, regional, and local organizations employing a mix of their own staff and contracted personnel, and services that might involve multiple levels of government. It was a self-administrated, paper-and-pencil questionnaire. The methodology included a multilevel approach that captured the perspective of executives, front-line administrators, and line staff about current practices in a range of institutional and community correctional settings for adults and juveniles. The goals for this survey were: to describe current drug treatment practices, policies, and delivery systems for offenders on probation or parole supervision, and in jails, prisons, and youth institutions; to examine agency structures, resources, and other organizational factors that may affect service delivery, including mission, leadership, climate, culture, and beliefs about rehabilitation versus punishment; and to assess coordination and integration across criminal justice agencies and between corrections and treatment systems. Items in the survey included: respondent characteristics, organizational characteristics, correctional programs characteristics (e.g., size, nature, etc.), substance abuse treatment programs characteristics, social networks/agencies collaboration, integration of services with other agencies, attitudes toward punishment and rehabilitation (personal values), organizational needs assessment, organizational culture and climate for treatment, cynicism toward change, organizational commitment to treatment, and perspectives on intradepartmental coordination.

Series: Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS) Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  S1: Survey of Executives Data - Download All Files (6,072 KB)
DS2:  S3A: Survey of Administrators Data - Download All Files (18,270 KB)
DS3:  S3B: Survey of Treatment Program Directors Data - Download All Files (10,692 KB)
DS4:  S4A: Survey of Correctional, Probation, and Parole Staff Data - Download All Files (9,299 KB)
DS5:  S4B: Survey of Treatment Staff Data - Download All Files (7,629 KB)

Study Description

Citation

Taxman, Faye S. Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): National Criminal Justice Treatment Program (NCJTP) Survey in the United States, 2002-2008. ICPSR27382-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-09. doi:10.3886/ICPSR27382.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   addiction, alcohol abuse, cocaine, controlled drugs, correctional facilities (adults), correctional facilities (juveniles), drug abuse, drug dependence, drug offenders, drug overdose, drug testing, drug use, hallucinogens, heroin, marijuana, steroid use, substance abuse treatment

Smallest Geographic Unit:   county

Geographic Coverage:   District of Columbia, United States

Time Period:  

  • 2002--2008

Date of Collection:  

  • 2002--2008
  • 2008--2010

Universe:   The universe for Part 1 (Survey of Executives Data) includes all executives of state agencies, executives in correctional agencies responsible for programs and services. The universe for Part 2 (Survey of Administrators Data) includes administrators responsible for the facility, office, or program identified in adult prisons, juvenile residential facilities, and community sample. For Part 3 (Survey of Treatment Program Directors Data), the universe includes prison wardens, directors of juvenile facilities, jail wardens and directors (who were sheriffs in some counties), and administrators responsible for local probation and parole offices. The universe for Part 4 (Survey of Correctional, Probation, and Parole Staff Data) Include staff working in prison and community-based agencies and programs that were located in states covered by the Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS). And the universe for Part 5 (Survey of Treatment Staff Data) includes all the treatment staffs working in prisons and community-based agencies, and programs that were located in states covered by the CJ-DATS.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The survey involves a myriad of state, regional, and local organizations employing a mix of their own staff and contracted personnel, and the services may involve multiple levels of government.

Reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) overseeing research at each of the 11 research centers comprising National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) CJ-DATS network.

The sampling frame for S2: Survey of corrections clinical directors and alcohol and drug agency directors data was based on having one central person in each agency that was aware of the programs and services offered. It was determined that at the end the data provided could not be validated because most agencies did not have one central person who knew the agency programs and services. It was determined to use S3 data for the national estimates.

Methodology

Study Purpose:   The objectives of this study were to describe the current drug treatment practices, policies, and delivery systems of offenders on probation or parole supervision, and in jails, prisons, and youth institutions. In addition, it was meant to examine agency structures, resources, and other organizational factors that may affect service delivery, including mission, leadership, climate, culture, and beliefs about rehabilitation versus punishment. Finally, it assesses the coordination and integration across criminal justice agencies and between corrections and treatment systems.

Study Design:   The mode of the survey was a self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaire. This study consisted of a survey delivered to employees within correctional and treatment systems nationally, including agency administrators, wardens, program managers, and counselors and correctional officers. The survey included questions about the organizational structure and resources, the work environment, support for treatment, the value and purpose of substance abuse treatment, and the type and amount of treatment services offered. It was estimated the survey would take about 30 to 60 minutes to complete. Administrators also requested the permission of agency directors that staff who participate should be allowed to complete the survey during regular work hours. Participants were able to access the findings at the CJ-DATS (www.cjdats.org) Web site and by the researchers.

Sample:   The sampling for the study consisted of: (1) census of state correctional agency executives and clinical coordinators, and state alcohol and drug abuse directors, (2) adult prison sample, (3) juvenile residential facilities sample, and (4) community sample.

Mode of Data Collection:   mail questionnaire, mixed mode

Response Rates:   The response rate for Part 1 (Survey of Executives Data) was 70.8 percent. The response rate for Part 2 (Survey of Administrators Data) and Part 3 (Survey of Treatment Program Directors Data) totaled 62.5 percent. The response rate for Part 4 (Survey of Correctional, Probation, and Parole Staff Data) and Part 5 (Survey of Treatment Staff Data) totaled 33.9 percent.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Related Publications

Variables

Browse Matching Variables

DS1: S1: Survey of Executives Data

REDUCE-PROVIDE TX JOBS EDUC
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? i. Provide more treatment, jobs, and educational programs to address problems that often contribute to crime
REDUCE-KEEP CRIMIN IN JAIL OFF STREETS
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? c. Keep criminals in prison/jail and off the streets
REDUCE-EYE FOR EYE
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? d. Use the eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth principle
REDUCE-TREATMENT MATCHES NEED
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? g. Make sure that the treatment provided is matched to the offenders needs
REDUCE-KEEP DRUG USERS OFF STREET
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? j. Keep drug users in prison/jail and off the streets
REDUCE-SHOW PEOPLE WILL BE PUNISHED
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? a. Show people who use drugs they will be punished severely if they do not stop
REDUCE-GET EFFECTIVE TREATMENT
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? b. Make sure criminals get effective treatment for addictions and other problems while they are in prison/jail, or on supervision in the community
REDUCE-SEVERELY PUNISH OFFENDERS
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? e. Deter future offenders by severely punishing criminals who are caught and convicted
REDUCE-PROVIDE TREATMENT
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? f. Provide criminals with treatment to address addiction, mental health problems, or other problems
REDUCE-KEEP CRIM IN JAIL NO BOTH CITIZEN
16. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? h. Keep criminals in prison/jail where they can not bother law abiding citizens

DS2: S3A: Survey of Administrators Data

REDUCE-PROVIDE TX, JOBS, EDUC
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? i. Provide more treatment, jobs, and educational programs to address problems that often contribute to crime
REDUCE-KEEP CRIMIN IN JAIL OFF STREETS
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? c. Keep criminals in prison/jail and off the streets
REDUCE-EYE FOR EYE
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? d. Use the eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth principle
REDUCE-TREATMENT MATCHES NEED
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? g. Make sure that the treatment provided is matched to the offenders needs
REDUCE-KEEP DRUG USERS OFF STREET
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? j. Keep drug users in prison/jail and off the streets
REDUCE-SHOW PEOPLE WILL BE PUNISHED
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? a. Show people who use drugs they will be punished severely if they do not stop
REDUCE-GET EFFECTIVE TREATMENT
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? b. Make sure criminals get effective treatment for addictions and other problems while they are in prison/jail, or on supervision in the community
REDUCE-SEVERELY PUNISH OFFENDERS
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? e. Deter future offenders by severely punishing criminals who are caught and convicted
REDUCE-PROVIDE TREATMENT
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? f. Provide criminals with treatment to address addiction, mental health problems, or other problems
REDUCE-KEEP CRIM IN JAIL NO BOTH CITIZEN
19. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? h. Keep criminals in prison/jail where they can not bother law abiding citizens

DS3: S3B: Survey of Treatment Program Directors Data

REDUCE-PROVIDE TX, JOBS, EDUC
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? i. Provide more treatment, jobs, and educational programs to address problems that often contribute to crime
REDUCE-KEEP CRIMIN IN JAIL OFF STREETS
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? c. Keep criminals in prison/jail and off the streets
REDUCE-EYE FOR EYE
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? d. Use the eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth principle
REDUCE-TREATMENT MATCHES NEED
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? g. Make sure that the treatment provided is matched to the offenders needs
REDUCE-KEEP DRUG USERS OFF STREET
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? j. Keep drug users in prison/jail and off the streets
REDUCE-SHOW PEOPLE WILL BE PUNISHED
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? a. Show people who use drugs they will be punished severely if they dont stop
REDUCE-GET EFFECTIVE TREATMENT
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? b. Make sure criminals get effective treatment for addictions and other problems while theyre in prison/jail, or on supervision in the community
REDUCE-SEVERELY PUNISH OFFENDERS
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? e. Deter future offenders by severely punishing criminals who are caught and convicted
REDUCE-PROVIDE TREATMENT
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? f. Provide criminals with treatment to address addiction, mental health problems, or other problems
REDUCE-KEEP CRIM IN JAIL NO BOTH CITIZEN
52. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? h. Keep criminals in prison/jail where they cant bother law abiding citizens

DS4: S4A: Survey of Correctional, Probation, and Parole Staff Data

Provide more treatment, jobs, and educational programs to address problems that often contribute to crime
32. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? The best way to reduce crime is i. Provide more treatment, jobs, and educational programs to address problems that often contribute to crime.
Show people who use drugs they will be punished severely if they don't stop.
32. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? The best way to reduce crime is to a. Show people who use drugs they will be punished severely if they do not stop.
Keep criminals in prison/jail and off the streets.
32. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? The best way to reduce crime is c. Keep criminals in prison/jail and off the streets.
Use the eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth principle.
32. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? The best way to reduce crime is d. Use the eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth principle.
Deter future offenders by severely punishing criminals who are caught and convicted.
32. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? The best way to reduce crime is e. Deter future offenders by severely punishing criminals who are caught and convicted.
Provide criminals with treatment to address addiction, mental health problems, or other problems.
32. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? The best way to reduce crime is f. Provide criminals with treatment to address addiction, mental health problems, or other problems.
Make sure that the treatment provided is matched to the offender's needs.
32. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? The best way to reduce crime is g. Make sure that the treatment provided is matched to the offenders needs.
Keep criminals in prison/jail where they can't bother law abiding citizens.
32. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? The best way to reduce crime is h. Keep criminals in prison/jail where they can not bother law abiding citizens.
Keep drug users in prison/jail and off the streets.
32. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? The best way to reduce crime is j. Keep drug users in prison/jail and off the streets.

DS5: S4B: Survey of Treatment Staff Data

Provide more treatment, jobs, and educational programs to address problems that often contribute to crime
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? Provide more treatment, jobs, and educational programs to address problems that often contribute to crime
Keep criminals in prison/jail and off the streets.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? Keep criminals in prison/jail and off the streets.
Use the "eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth" principle.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? Use the "eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth" principle.
Deter future offenders by severely punishing criminals who are caught and convicted.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? Deter future offenders by severely punishing criminals who are caught and convicted.
Make sure that the treatment provided is matched to the offender's needs.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? Make sure that the treatment provided is matched to the offenders needs.
Keep drug users in prison/jail and off the streets.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? Keep drug users in prison/jail and off the streets.
Punish addicts in prison/jail to stop them from using drugs
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? Punish addicts in prison/jail to stop them from using drugs
Show people who use drugs they will be punished severely if they don't stop.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? Show people who use drugs they will be punished severely if they don''t stop.
Make sure criminals get effective treatment for addictions and other problems while they're in prison/jail, or on supervision in the community.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements about crime reduction? Make sure criminals get effective treatment for addictions and other problems while they are in prison/jail, or on supervision in the community.

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