National Addiction & HIV Data Archive Program

S0PUNYOU: S0 PainCost: Certainty of Punishment - You

Certainty of punishment-you; Mean of of 7 items.

MEASURE: Indices of Personal and Social Costs and Rewards

The Indices of Personal and Social Costs and Rewards were adapted for this study to measure the
adolescent's perceived likelihood of detection and punishment for any of several types of offenses
(Nagin and Paternoster, 1994). The 78-item measure is compromised of five dimensions: Certainty of
Punishment {others and You (e.g., How likely is it that kids in your neighborhood would be caught 
and arrested for fighting?)}, Social Costs of Punishment (e.g., If the police catch me doing 
something that breaks the law, how likely is it that I would be suspended from school?), Personal
Costs of Punishment {Variety and Weight (e.g., Has your court sentence kept you from hanging out 
with your friends as much as you used to?)}, Social Rewards of Crime {Stealing, Fighting and
Robbery (e.g., If I take things, other people my age will respect me more.)}, and Personal Rewards
of Crime (e.g.How much 'thrill' or 'rush' is it to break into a store or home?). 

(0) No chance
(10) Absolutely certain to be caught

Consult the Pathways Study codebook for more information (www.pathwaysstudy.pitt.edu).
            
ValueLabelUnweighted
Frequency
%
0.00 No chance 624.6%
0.14 - 171.3%
0.29 - 60.4%
0.43 - 110.8%
0.57 - 80.6%
0.71 - 171.3%
0.86 - 100.7%
1.00 - 110.8%
1.14 - 90.7%
1.29 - 100.7%
1.43 - 201.5%
1.57 - 110.8%
1.71 - 50.4%
1.86 - 161.2%
2.00 - 120.9%
2.14 - 151.1%
2.29 - 120.9%
2.43 - 141.0%
2.57 - 231.7%
2.71 - 151.1%
2.86 - 282.1%
3.00 - 171.3%
3.14 - 201.5%
3.29 - 131.0%
3.43 - 161.2%
3.50 - 10.1%
3.57 - 241.8%
3.71 - 191.4%
3.86 - 201.5%
4.00 - 141.0%
4.14 - 120.9%
4.29 - 332.4%
4.43 - 191.4%
4.57 - 161.2%
4.71 - 131.0%
4.86 - 181.3%
5.00 - 362.7%
5.14 - 211.6%
5.29 - 191.4%
5.43 - 171.3%
5.57 - 221.6%
5.71 - 362.7%
5.86 - 221.6%
6.00 - 211.6%
6.14 - 221.6%
6.29 - 211.6%
6.43 - 211.6%
6.57 - 221.6%
6.71 - 181.3%
6.86 - 141.0%
Missing Data
-200.00 Data missing 10.1%
-99.00 Dont Know 10.1%
Total 1,354 100%

Please note that only the first 50 response categories are displayed. To view all response categories, please analyze the data file in the statistical package of your choice (SAS, SPSS, Stata, R, online analysis).

Based upon 1,352 valid cases out of 1,354 total cases.

Location: 1846-1852 (width: 7; decimal: 2)

Variable Type: numeric

(Range of) Missing Values: -300.00 , -200.00 , -99.00 , -98.00

Notes

Source: This variable was taken from: Research on Pathways to Desistance [Maricopa County, AZ and Philadelphia County, PA]: Subject Measures, 2000-2010.

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Disclaimer: The frequencies for this variable may not be weighted. They are purely descriptive and may not be representative of the study population. Please use with caution and consult the study documentation.