S0MATCST: S0 PainCost: Punishment Costs (13) - Material Issues

Punishment costs (13) - material issues; Sum of 13 items.

MEASURE: Indices of Personal and Social Costs and Rewards

The Indices of Personal and Social Costs and Rewards were adapted for this study to measure the
adolescent's perceived likelihood of detection and punishment for any of several types of offenses
(Nagin and Paternoster, 1994). The 78-item measure is compromised of five dimensions: Certainty of
Punishment {others and You (e.g., How likely is it that kids in your neighborhood would be caught 
and arrested for fighting?)}, Social Costs of Punishment (e.g., If the police catch me doing 
something that breaks the law, how likely is it that I would be suspended from school?), Personal
Costs of Punishment {Variety and Weight (e.g., Has your court sentence kept you from hanging out 
with your friends as much as you used to?)}, Social Rewards of Crime {Stealing, Fighting and
Robbery (e.g., If I take things, other people my age will respect me more.)}, and Personal Rewards
of Crime (e.g.How much 'thrill' or 'rush' is it to break into a store or home?). 

Consult the Pathways Study codebook for more information (www.pathwaysstudy.pitt.edu).
0 - 36026.6%
1 - 14010.3%
2 - 775.7%
3 - 443.2%
4 - 352.6%
5 - 211.6%
6 - 201.5%
7 - 161.2%
8 - 292.1%
9 - 473.5%
10 - 725.3%
11 - 916.7%
12 - 14210.5%
13 - 25218.6%
Missing Data
-200 Data missing 80.6%
Total 1,354 100%

Based upon 1,346 valid cases out of 1,354 total cases.

Location: 1864-1867 (width: 4; decimal: 0)

Variable Type: numeric

(Range of) Missing Values: -300 , -200 , -9 , -8


Source: This variable was taken from: Research on Pathways to Desistance [Maricopa County, AZ and Philadelphia County, PA]: Subject Measures, 2000-2010.

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Disclaimer: The frequencies for this variable may not be weighted. They are purely descriptive and may not be representative of the study population. Please use with caution and consult the study documentation.

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