Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics; United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons
Conducted by the Bureau of the Census, this survey provides nationally representative data on state prison inmates and sentenced federal inmates held in federally owned and operated facilities. Through personal interviews from June-October 1997, inmates in both state and federal prisons provided information about their current offense and sentence, criminal history, family background and personal characteristics, prior drug and alcohol use and treatment programs, gun possession and use, gang membership, and prison activities, programs, and services. Prior surveys of state prison inmates, called SURVEY OF INMATES OF STATE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES, were conducted in 1974, 1979, 1986, and 1991 (see ICPSR 7811, 7856, 8711, and 6086). Sentenced federal prison inmates were first interviewed in 1991 (see SURVEY OF INMATES OF FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES, 1991 [ICPSR 6037]). The federal data are combined with the state data in this collection. Part 1, Numeric Data, consists of numerically-coded responses, while Part 2, Alphanumeric Data, contains free-field responses to "Specify, Other" questions in ASCII text form.
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.
A downloadable version of data for this study is available however, certain identifying information in the downloadable version may have been masked or edited to protect respondent privacy. Additional data not included in the downloadable version are available in a restricted version of this data collection. For more information about the differences between the downloadable data and the restricted data for this study, please refer to the codebook notes section of the PDF codebook. Users interested in obtaining restricted data must complete and sign a Restricted Data Use Agreement, describe the research project and data protection plan, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention .
WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics, and United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons. Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 1997. ICPSR02598-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001. doi:10.3886/ICPSR02598.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02598.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (041261)
- United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: correctional facilities, correctional facilities (adults), corrections, criminal histories, drug abuse, HIV, inmate classification, inmate deaths, inmate populations, inmate programs, inmates, offenses, prison conditions, substance abuse, treatment programs
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: Inmates in state and federal prisons in the United States.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
Compiled by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created online analysis version with question text.
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2000-06-01
- 2006-03-30 File CB2598.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
- 2002-03-05 The codebook for this collection is now available with clarified descriptions of Variables r26 and r27 in Part 1, Numeric Data.
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DS1: Numeric Data
S5Q44i Did you fire the (FILL) during the crime? FILL - If more than one response @1-@4, @6 in S5Q44b at responses 1 through 5, use FILL = "a gun" FILL - Else insert response from S5Q44b (1) Yes (2) No
S6Q48a The following questions are about any times before your admission on (Insert date) that you were sentenced and served time in prison, jail, or another correctional facility. Were you ever convicted and sentenced for ___ Minor traffic crimes? (Exclude driving while intoxicated and hit and run) (1) Yes (2) No If (2) entered for all responses to S6Q48a - Skip to S6Q48d If Don't know or Refused - Skip to S6Q48d Else - Ask S6Q48b
S6Q47c@age How old were you the first time you were arrested for a crime? ____ Years of age If number is less than 8 or greater than 65 - Verify entry
S5Q45a Have you EVER been armed with a gun while committing a crime? (1) Yes - Ask S5Q45b (2) No - Skip to S5Q46a (D) Don't know - Skip to S5Q46a (R) Refused - Skip to S5Q46a
S5Q45i Did you EVER fire (FILL) while committing a crime? FILL - If more than one response in S5Q45b, use "a gun" FILL - Else insert response from S5Q45b (1) Yes (2) No Skip to S6Q47a
S5Q38a@1 Other than the victim(s), was there anyone else with you when the crime occurred? (1) Yes (2) No - Skip to S5Q42a (3) Respondent not at site of crime - Skip to S5Q42a
S5Q38c Were any of them also charged with the crime? (1) Yes (2) No Skip to S5Q42a
S5Q31b@1 Were these persons victims of a single incident or more than one incident of the crime? (1) One incident (2) Multiple incidents
S5Q35c At the time of the crime, what was the relationship to you of the well known persons and/or the casual acquaintances? For example, friends, relatives, etc. (ENTER ALL THAT APPLY) (1) Spouse
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