Alternate Title: N-SSATS, 2010
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality.
The National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS) is designed to collect information from all facilities in the United States, both public and private, that provide substance abuse treatment. N-SSATS provides the mechanism for quantifying the dynamic character and composition of the United States substance abuse treatment delivery system. The objectives of N-SSATS are to collect multipurpose data that can be used to assist the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and state and local governments in assessing the nature and extent of services provided and in forecasting treatment resource requirements, to update SAMHSA's Inventory of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (I-SATS), to analyze general treatment services trends, and to generate the National Directory of Drug and Alcohol Abuse Treatment Programs and its online equivalent, the Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator.
Data are collected on topics including ownership, services offered (assessment, testing, transitional, ancillary, and pharmacotherapies), detoxification, primary focus (substance abuse, mental health, both, general health, and other), methadone/buprenorphine dispensing, counseling and therapeutic approaches, standard operating procedures, special programs/groups offered, languages in which treatment is provided, type of treatment provided (hospital inpatient, residential, outpatient), number of clients (by service, total, and under age 18), number of beds, types of payment accepted, sliding fee scale, and facility accreditation and licensure/certification.
These data are freely available.
This study is maintained and distributed by the Substance Abuse & Mental Health Data Archive (SAMHDA). SAMHDA is supported by the Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ), formerly the Office of Applied Studies.
United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. National Survey of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (N-SSATS), 2010. ICPSR32723-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2012-01-12. doi:10.3886/ICPSR32723.v2
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR32723.v2
This survey was funded by:
- United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality.
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: facility
Universe: The 2010 N-SSATS facility universe included all 16,224 active treatment facilities on SAMHSA?s I?SATS at a point 6 weeks before the survey reference date. It also included 980 facilities that were added by state substance abuse agencies or through annual frame enhancement, or discovered during the first 3 weeks of the survey. Thus, the total survey universe was 17,204 facilities.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
Data were collected by Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Princeton, NJ, and prepared for release by Synectics for Management Decisions, Inc., Arlington, VA.
N-SSATS is a point-prevalence survey. It provides information on the substance abuse treatment system and its clients on the reference date (March 31, 2010). Client counts do not represent annual totals. Rather, N-SSATS provides a "snapshot" of substance abuse treatment facilities and clients on an average day.
N-SSATS collects data about facilities, not individual clients. Data on clients represent an aggregate of clients in treatment for each reporting facility.
N-SSATS attempts to obtain responses from all known treatment and prevention facilities, but it is a voluntary survey. There is no adjustment for the approximately five percent facility nonresponse.
To protect the privacy of respondents, financial data originally collected have been removed from the public use file. These modifications should not affect most analytic uses of the public use file.
For users who wish to calculate client counts and admissions, instructions are available on the N-SSATS Series page and at How to calculate N-SSATS client counts and admissions using SDA.
Sample: The Inventory of Substance Abuse Treatment Services (I-SATS) provides the sampling frame for N-SSATS. Two categories of treatment facilities in I-SATS may be distinguished. The largest group of facilities includes those that are licensed, certified, or otherwise approved by the state substance abuse agency to provide substance abuse treatment. The second group represents the SAMHSA effort in recent years to make I-SATS as comprehensive as possible by including treatment facilities that state substance abuse agencies, for a variety of reasons, do not license or certify. Many of these facilities are private, for-profit, small group practices, or hospital-based programs.
Mode of Data Collection: mail questionnaire, telephone interview, web-based survey
Response Rates: N-SSATS questionnaires were mailed to a total of 17,204 facilities believed to be actively providing substance abuse treatment services. Of these facilities, 11 percent were found to be ineligible for the survey because they had closed or did not provide substance abuse treatment or detoxification on March 31, 2010. Of the remaining 15,390 facilities, 14,060 facilities (91.4 percent) completed the survey. However, 369 of these facilities were reported by another facility and no facility information was received from the facility itself, and an additional 352 facilities reported client counts included in or "rolled into" other facilities' counts and whose facility characteristics were not reported separately. Therefore, the final sample size was 13,339 (86.7 percent). The percentage of respondents who completed the survey via the mail was 26.0 percent, while 12.9 percent completed the survey via telephone, and 61.1 percent completed the survey using a Web-based questionnaire.
- Performed consistency checks.
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
- Standardized missing values.
- Created online analysis version with question text.
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2011-12-05
- 2013-11-27 Updated ddi file to include variable-level groupings.
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11. Which of the following services are provided by this facility at this location, that is, the location listed on the front cover? Ancillary Services: (30) Mental health services
11. Which of the following services are provided by this facility at this location, that is, the location listed on the front cover? Assessment and Pre-Treatment Services: (2) Screening for mental health disorders
11. Which of the following services are provided by this facility at this location, that is, the location listed on the front cover? Assessment and Pre-Treatment Services: (4) Comprehensive mental health assessment or diagnosis (for example, psychological or psychiatric evaluation and testing)
32. Approximately what percent of the substance abuse treatment clients enrolled at this facility on March 31, 2010, had a diagnosed co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorder?
35. Is this facility or program licensed, certified, or accredited to provide substance abuse services by any of following organizations? (2) State mental health department Do not consider personal-level credentials or general business licenses such as a food service license.
33. Using the most recent 12-month period for which you have data, approximately how many substance abuse treatment ADMISSIONS did this facility have? __________ Substance abuse admissions in 12-month period OUTPATIENT CLIENTS: Count admissions into treatment, not individual treatment visits. Consider an admission to be the initiation of a treatment program or course of treatment. Count any re-admission as an admission. IF THIS IS A MENTAL HEALTH FACILITY: Count all admissions in which clients received substance abuse treatment, even if substance abuse was their secondary diagnosis.
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