Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): HIV/HEPATITIS Prevention for Re-Entering Drug Offenders (ICPSR 29061)
Principal Investigator(s): Inciardi, James A., University of Delaware
The development of the CJ-DATS Targeted Intervention program, targeting a policy change to incorporate public health concerns into the parole and release process, has prompted this study to analyze the effectiveness of the intervention and to determine how it might best be integrated into the current corrections administration. Primarily, the study seeks to consider the effectiveness of one-on-one peer intervention against group intervention moderated by a peer. The study is set up to interview former inmates as they re-enter society through parole or work release. The first phase of the study is to determine their history of drug use, before incarceration and during their time in a corrections facility. These respondents were chosen because of the particular danger faced by those re-entering to engage in "make up for lost time" behavior as access to illicit activity becomes more readily available. Additionally, this portion tests the respondents' knowledge of HIV/AIDS and their utilization of resources designed to improve their health. Following this survey, as well as a blood examination to determine whether they have the illnesses associated with the study, the subjects engaged in counseling based on the subgroup to which they had been randomly assigned. The control group received a standard one-hour, non-interactive CDC intervention, while the experimental group received the CJ-DATS Targeted Intervention. The intention was to determine if individual intervention is more effective, given the need for brief, effective interventions as a result of the large volume of the relevant population. Following the interventions, followup interviews were issued at 30 and 90 days. The intention was to determine not merely if there was an aggregate change in behavior as a result of the intervention, but furthermore, if the intervention led to a negative trend. Of particular concern to the outcome of the study and its analysis was the relative effectiveness of the peer interventions, as well as how officers and administration within the corrections and parole process might incorporate an attitude of public health into the process.
These data are available to the general public.
Inciardi, James A. Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS): HIV/HEPATITIS Prevention for Re-Entering Drug Offenders. ICPSR29061-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2011-01-24. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR29061.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR29061.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: Delaware, United States
Universe: Adult prisoners reentering society.
Data Types: experimental data
Study Purpose: The study is intended to determine the effectiveness of HIV/AIDS and HBV intervention protocols using the input of the corrections client population. A secondary goal is to investigate how intervention is integrated into the corrections community.
Study Design: The study utilizes four different factor groups, an individual and group control, and an individual and group treatment, through a four stage process measuring the activities of the former inmates before and during corrections and following the intervention. Respondents answer questionnaires on a variety of lifestyle and health topics and offer blood samples for disease testing.
Sample: Each site will recruit 400 participants, 100 per condition group, for a total of 1,200 drug-involved participants. Women will be over-represented in the sample, and minorities will reflect their actual occurrence in the population. Participants will have to meet criteria for age and history of drug use.
Mode of Data Collection: face-to-face interview, mixed mode
Description of Variables: Variables in the study will include CJ-DATS Core Questions and Brief Symptoms Inventory, AIDS Health Belief and AIDS Risk Behavior Knowledge, and a series of other question sequences based on the experiences of the parolee and their interaction with the intervention.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created variable labels and/or value labels.
- Standardized missing values.
- Created online analysis version with question text.
- Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Original ICPSR Release: 2011-01-24
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