American Time Use Survey, 2003-2013 [United States]: Arts Activities (ICPSR 35530)

Alternate Title:   ATUS 2003-2013

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Summary:

The American Time Use Survey (ATUS) is the Nation's first federally administered, continuous survey on time use in the United States. The survey is sponsored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.

This multi-year data collection contains information on the amount of time that people spent doing various activities in the years 2003 through 2013, such as work and work-related activities, personal care, household activities, consumer purchases, volunteering, and caring for and helping household members. Respondents were also asked about arts-related activities including sports, recreation, socializing, relaxing, arts and crafts, and music appreciation. Additionally, the study provides demographic information--including sex, race, age, educational attainment, occupation, income, marital status, and the presence of children in the household.

For this data collection, 148,345 respondents were randomly selected from a subset of households that have completed their eighth and final month of interviews for the Current Population Survey (CPS). Respondents were interviewed only one time about how they spent their time on the previous day, where they were, and whom they were with.

Access Notes

  • This data collection has been deaccessioned; it is no longer distributed by ICPSR. Additional information may be available in Data Collection Notes.

    The survey is sponsored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.
    Before analyzing the data, users are strongly encouraged to refer to the ATUS 2003-2013 User Guide (produced by the Census Bureau), which contains detailed explanations regarding study design, sampling frame used, data coding and editing, weights, and response rates.
    Although some of demographic variables are updated during the ATUS interview, most of this information comes from earlier CPS interviews, as the ATUS sample is drawn from a subset of households that have completed month 8 of the CPS.
    The activity code variables for this data collection are preceded by the letter "T" and include a six-digit activity classification code. Activity classification codes and examples can be found in the 2003-13 ATUS Activity Lexicon in the ATUS 2003-2013 User's Guide.
    Due to the limit in the number of allowable rows of 65,536 and allowable columns of 256 in Excel 97-2003 (file ending, xls), the Excel file being distributed with this collection is in the later version of Excel (file ending of xlsx).

Study Description

Citation

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. American Time Use Survey, 2003-2013 [United States]: Arts Activities. ICPSR35530-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-01-10. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35530.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35530.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    arts, arts participation, computer use, dance, education, entertainment, fundraising, government, leisure, museums, music, performing arts, reading, recreation, sports, work

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2003--2013

Date of Collection:   

  • 2003--2013

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    All residents living in households in the United States that are at least 15 years of age, with the exception of active military personnel and people residing in institutions such as nursing homes and prisons.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The survey is sponsored by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.

Before analyzing the data, users are strongly encouraged to refer to the ATUS 2003-2013 User Guide (produced by the Census Bureau), which contains detailed explanations regarding study design, sampling frame used, data coding and editing, weights, and response rates.

Although some of demographic variables are updated during the ATUS interview, most of this information comes from earlier CPS interviews, as the ATUS sample is drawn from a subset of households that have completed month 8 of the CPS.

The activity code variables for this data collection are preceded by the letter "T" and include a six-digit activity classification code. Activity classification codes and examples can be found in the 2003-13 ATUS Activity Lexicon in the ATUS 2003-2013 User's Guide.

Due to the limit in the number of allowable rows of 65,536 and allowable columns of 256 in Excel 97-2003 (file ending, xls), the Excel file being distributed with this collection is in the later version of Excel (file ending of xlsx).

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The major purpose of this data collection is to develop nationally representative estimates of how people spend their time.

Study Design:   

During the 2003-2013 period, 148,345 respondents were interviewed for this survey. The survey results are based on computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATI) with a representative sample of residents living in households in the United States that are at least 15 years of age, with the exception of active military personnel and people residing in institutions such as nursing homes and prisons.

For a complete description of the study design, please refer to the ATUS 2003-2013 User Guide.

Sample:   

The sample for this data collection was drawn from households that had completed their final month of interviews for the Current Population Survey (CPS). Households were selected to ensure that estimates could be made across major demographic groups (e.g. race, age and presence of children, and number of adults in adults-only households). One individual from each selected household was randomly chosen to participate in the ATUS, and this person was interviewed only once about his or her time use.

Please refer to the ATUS 2003-2013 User Guide for further details on sampling.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Trend / Repeated Cross-section

Weight:   

The data contain 1 weight variable: TUFNWGTP. This variable was created using the 2006 weighting method and is available for all years.

Users need to apply weights when computing estimates with the ATUS data because simple tabulations of unweighted ATUS data produce misleading results. These weights have already been calculated and are found on the Respondent file. Users may simply apply them when generating estimates.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)

Description of Variables:    Variables for this data collection provide information about the amount of time Americans spend doing unpaid, nonmarket work, which could include unpaid childcare, eldercare, housework, and volunteering. The data collection also provides information on the amount of time people spend in many other activities, such as religious activities, socializing, exercising, and relaxing. In addition to collecting data about what people did on the day before the interview, ATUS collects information about where and with whom each activity occurred, and whether the activities were done for one's job or business. Demographic variables provide information about respondents' sex, race, age, educational attainment, occupation, income, marital status, and children's presence in the household.

Response Rates:   

The average response rate to the ATUS from 2003-2013 was 55 percent.

The response rate for each year from 2003 through 2013 are as follows: 2003, 57.8 percent; 2004, 57.3 percent; 2005, 56.6 percent; 2006, 55.1 percent; 2007, 52.5 percent; 2008, 54.6 percent; 2009, 56.6 percent; 2010, 56.9 percent; 2011, 54.6 percent; 2012, 53.2 percent; and 2013, 49.9 percent.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: Users of the data must agree to the Terms of Use presented on the NADAC Website and available through the link in each codebook.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2015-01-10

Version History:

  • 2015-08-12 An updated version of the ATUS 2003-2013 User Guide with Coding Rules Manuals for each year is being released for this data collection.
Free and easy access to data on the arts and on the arts' value and impact for individuals and communities