General Social Survey, 2012 Merged Data, Including a Cultural Module [United States] (ICPSR 35478)

Principal Investigator(s): Smith, Tom W., National Opinion Research Center. National Data Program for the Social Sciences; Marsden, Peter V., National Opinion Research Center. National Data Program for the Social Sciences; Hout, Michael, National Opinion Research Center. National Data Program for the Social Sciences

Summary:

The General Social Survey (GSS) collects information from the general public on a wide variety of subjects, including attitudes toward social issues, religion, education, jobs and the economy, government and other institutions, politics, and policy issues. The 2012 merged data used a rolling panel design. The first panel is the 2008 GSS as the base year. The second panel is a subsample of the GSS cases from 2008 that was selected to be reinterview for the GSS in 2010 along with a new cross-section of cases. The third panel is the same subsample of 2008 GSS cases reinterviewed for the GSS in 2012 along with a new cross-section of cases. The 2012 GSS merged data file has the third wave of the 2008 respondents (N=1295), the second wave of the 2010 respondents (N=1,551), and the first wave (a cross-section) of 2012 respondents (N=1,974).

Besides the standard GSS topics, such as attitudes toward social issues, religion, education, jobs and the economy, government and other institutions, politics, and policy issues, the 2012 GSS data included a "Cultural Module," a battery of questions focused on culture and the arts. Questions asked if the respondent attended various performances or exhibits, who they attended with, if the performance attended was free, factors that impacted the decision to attend or not attend. The merged data also include demographic information including age, sex, race, and income. This data collection also contains questions asked in the 2008 GSS and the 2010 GSS.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

General Social Survey, 2012 Merged Data, Including a Cultural Module [United States] - Download All Files (308.702 MB) large file

Study Description

Citation

Smith, Tom W., Peter V. Marsden, and Michael Hout. General Social Survey, 2012 Merged Data, Including a Cultural Module [United States]. ICPSR35478-v4. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-05-26. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35478.v4

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35478.v4

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    arts attendance, arts participation, costs, cultural attitudes, dance, demographic characteristics, employment, environment, environmental attitudes, gender roles, government, health care, households, income, Internet, leisure, museums, music, organizations, performing arts, reading, social attitudes, social inequality, social networks, theater, visual arts, volunteers

Smallest Geographic Unit:    census region

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2012

Date of Collection:   

  • 2012-03-20--2012-09-05

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    All noninstitutionalized English and Spanish speaking persons 18 years of age or older, living in the United States.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

National Opinion Research Center (NORC), University of Chicago conducted the survey on behalf of the National Data Program for the Social Sciences. The National Data Program for the Social Sciences (General Social Survey) is both a data diffusion project and a program of social indicator research.

Users are strongly encouraged to read more about the General Social Survey on the NORC Web site.

For additional details about the GSS 2012 data such as Field Work and User Specifications or Sampling Design and Weighting, please refer to Appendices A-V of the ICPSR Codebook.

Due to the limit in the number of allowable columns of 256 in Excel 97-2003 (file ending, xls), the Excel file being distributed with this collection is in the later version of Excel (file ending of xlsx).

According to NORC, the panel cases for variables VPSU and VSTRAT were coded -1 "Inapplicable" because they were not sampled in 2010. They were originally sampled in previous years and re-interviewed in 2012.

The following weight variables are available to use for online analysis for GSS 2012: WTCOMB and WTCOMBNR. Variable WTCOMB should be used for both cross-section and the panel cases combined. Variable WTCOMBNR should be used for both cross-section and the panel cases combined, adjusting for non-respondents. To analyze the GSS 2012 data with other weights, users need to download data files for this data collection. Also, users should to refer to Appendix A of the ICPSR Codebook for additional details about weighting.

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The General Social Survey (GSS) collects information from the general public on a wide variety of subjects, including attitudes toward social issues, religion, education, jobs and the economy, government and other institutions, politics, and policy issues. The GSS 2012 included a "Cultural Module," a battery of questions focused on culture and the arts.

Study Design:    The median length of the interview has been about one and a half hours.

Sample:    The GSS used a full probability sample. For detailed sampling information, please refer to Appendix A of the ICPSR Codebook.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional , Longitudinal: Panel

Weight:   

The data contain several weight variables:

  • FORMWT - This weight should be used to adjust for incomplete randomization and to analyze form variables.
  • OVERSAMP - This weight should be used to adjust for Black oversamples.
  • WTSS - This weight should be used to adjust for non-response subsamples and number of adults in the household.
  • WTSSNR - This weight should be used to adjust for the subsampling of non-respondents, the number of adults in the household, and differential non-response across areas.
  • WTSSALL - This weight should be used to adjust for number of adults in the household for GSS data either before or after 2004.
  • WTCOMB - This weight should be used for both cross-section and the panel cases combined and is adjusted for the 2012 sampling.
  • WTCOMBNR - This weight should be used for both cross-section and the panel cases combined, adjusting for non-respondents.

For further information about weights and various uses for them, users should refer to Appendix A of the ICPSR Codebook.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)

Description of Variables:    Besides the standard GSS topics, such as attitudes toward social issues, religion, education, jobs and the economy, government and other institutions, politics, and policy issues, the 2012 GSS data included a "Cultural Module," a battery of questions focused on culture and the arts. Questions asked if the respondent attended various performances or exhibits, who they attended with, if the performance attended was free, factors that impacted the decision to attend or not attend. The merged data also include demographic information including age, sex, race, and income. This data collection also contains questions asked in the 2008 GSS and the 2010 GSS.

Response Rates:    The response rate for the GSS 2012 study was 71.4 percent.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: Users of the data must agree to the Terms of Use presented on the NADAC Website and available through the link in each codebook.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2014-12-11

Version History:

  • 2016-05-26 Data Lead-in documentation was added to highlight subjects and variables related to arts and culture.
  • 2015-01-30 The study title has been updated and online analysis files were added for this data collection.
  • 2015-01-12 The Excel file has been updated for this data collection.
  • 2015-01-05 A Quick Fact (infographic) has been added to the documentation for this data collection.

Related Publications

Variables

Browse Matching Variables

GSS YEAR FOR THIS RESPONDENT
GSS year for this respondent
SAMPLING FRAME AND METHOD
The GSS has employed various sampling procedures and frames. Appendix A gives full detail.
SAMPLE TYPE
There are a total of 4,820 cases in GSS 2012 but their initial sampling years vary because GSS now contains panel cases. The cross-section cases sampled in 2012 and related variables were already released, but it left out panel cases and variables not asked of the cross-section cases. This file has merged those crosssection cases and variables in GSS 2012 with the panel cases and additional variables not previously released. Sample types can be identified with this variable.
IF NO SPANISH, R COULD HAVE BEEN INTERVIEWED IN ENGLISH
Before 2006 the GSS was only administered in English. Those without enough English to do the interview were excluded as out-of- scope, language problems. In 2006 a Spanish version of the GSS was added. If there had been no Spanish version available in 2006, could this respondent have been interviewed in English or do you think (s/he) would have been excluded as a language problem?
WEIGHT VARIABLE [FOR NUMBER OF ADULTS IN HH BEFORE OR AFTER 2004]
Weight of variables. WTSSALL takes WTSS and applies an adult weight to years before 2004. The weight value of WTSSALL is the same as WTSS for 2004 and after. Thus, researchers who use the GSS data before or after 2004 may consider using the WTSSALL weight variable.
WEIGHT VARIABLE [FOR NON-RESPONSE AND NUMBER OF ADULTS IN HH]
Weight of variables. Due to the adoption of the non-respondent, sub-sampling design, a weight must be employed when using the GSS 2004 and after. WTSS variable takes into consideration a) the sub-sampling of non-respondents, and b) the number of adults in the household. It also essentially maintains the original sample size. In years prior to 2004+ a one is assigned to all cases so they are effectively unweighted. To adjust for number of adults in years prior to 2004, a number of adults weight would need to be utilized.
SAMPLING ERROR CODE
SAMPLING ERROR CODE. The "Sampling Error Code" in SAMPCODE is provided for the convenience of persons who wish to study within-cluster and between-cluster variations in the GSS. Values of the code range from 101 to 218 and 301 to 384. Values 101 to 201 represent one of the primary sampling units (PSUs) in the 1970 NORC National Sampling Frame. Values 202 and 218 represent the 17 PSUs in the 1980 black sample frame. Values 301 and 384 represent the 1980 NORC National Sample Frame. Values 1-100 represent the 1990 NORC National Sample Frame. Values of 501-579 represent the 2000 NORC National Sample Frame. Codes are assigned so that one can obtain properly stratified subsamples of the PSUs by taking every second (or every nth) value of SAMPCODE. The "Sampling Error Code" is blank for all 1972 cases, since the 1972 survey did not use 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, or 2010 sampling frames.

Utilities

Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics

Free and easy access to data on the arts and on the arts' value and impact for individuals and communities