Arts and Religion Survey 1999 [United States] (ICPSR 35192)

Principal Investigator(s): Wuthnow, Robert, Princeton University


This data set offers information on Americans' opinions about the role of the arts relative to religion. A total of 1,530 respondents were asked questions about their creative and arts-related activities; their attitudes toward the arts; their religious activities, behaviors, beliefs and affiliations; their spiritual (or "uplifting") experiences; their attitudes toward religion and spirituality; the role of the arts in religious contexts; the relationship between art and spirituality; and their involvement in charitable activities. Respondents were also asked for their demographic information including age, sex, race, and income. In-person, in-home interviews were conducted in Spring 1999.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


Wuthnow, Robert. Arts and Religion Survey 1999 [United States]. ICPSR35192-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-01-28.

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    artists, arts, arts participation, leisure

Smallest Geographic Unit:    region

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1999

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Non-institutionalized adults aged 18 and over in the United States.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The study was designed by Princeton University professor Robert Wuthnow and conducted by the Gallup Organization in Princeton, New Jersey.

This data collection was previously distributed by the Cultural Policy and the Arts National Data Archive (CPANDA). The CPANDA Identification Number (study number) is a00082.

Quick facts for this data collection, "Places of worship as venues for artistic activities", are available from the Center for Arts and Cultural Policy Studies (CACPS) at Princeton University.

Information regarding data processing for this data collection is in the "Codebook Notes" page(s) in the ICPSR Codebook. Most notably:

  • The value used for response "Don't know/refused" differs throughout the data collection because it follows the questionnaire. Users may use their discretion to standardize these codes for their own use.
  • Some variables in this data collection contain unlabeled values.
  • For this data collection, no documentation was provided for the following variables: Q121H, Q169G, Q173K, D21A, D21B, D21C, REGION, REGION8, CITYSIZE, CTYSIZR, CTYSIZ3, CHSIZE, AGE3, EDUC, RELVIEWS, INCOME, BLACK, and HISP.


Study Design:    In-person, in-home interviews were conducted with a random national sample of 1,530 non-institutionalized United States adults ages 18 and over, living in the forty-eight contiguous states. The sample is a probability sample down to the block level, after which households and persons within households were selected through an enumeration process. Notably, the Arts and Religion Survey was one of the last surveys that the Gallup Organization did using this methodology. Each interview lasted approximately fifty minutes and included more than 300 questions. The data were collected during the spring of 1999.

Sample:    The survey used a random probability sample. The sampling error is approximately plus or minus 3 percentage points.

Time Method:    Cross-sectional

Weight:    This data collection contains a weight variable. The variable name is WEIGHT.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: Users of the data must agree to the Terms of Use presented on the NADAC Website and available through the link in each codebook.


Original ICPSR Release:   2016-01-28

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