ICPSR Geographic Names Thesaurus
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Geographic Names is an alphabetical and hierarchical list of geographic location terms used in ICPSR's metadata records. The points below describe the structure and logic of the list:
Non-preferred terms are italicized and indicate (with USE notation) the appropriate term to apply.
USE: United States
USE FOR: USA
The hierarchy, expressed as broader term/narrower term is structured to (potentially) indicate a region-continent-country-state/province-city continuum.
BROADER TERM(S): Europe
NARROWER TERM(S): Amsterdam
While regional, continent, and country names are included in the current list, state/province and city names are included on the basis of their occurrence in ICPSR-archived data sets. These will continue to be added as needed.
Sub-regional geographic designations (such Middle East, Southeast Asia) are also included with their associated country names listed as related terms.
Scope notes are used to delineate the geographic coverage of a region or sub-region. Additionally, they are used to indicate historic context in cases of country name changes. In such cases, relevant dates are given along with instructions/restrictions on the use of particular country name forms. Open dates (e.g. 1991- ) indicate current context.
SCOPE NOTE(S): Formerly member of USSR; independent 1991- .
SCOPE NOTE(S): Use limited to 1922-1991.
Literary and historic warrant for the Geographic Regions and Country Names list is established through the following sources:
Merriam-Webster Geographic Dictionary. 1998. 3rd edition. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.
Random House Webster's College Dictionary. 1999. New York: Random House.