ICPSR Geographic Names Thesaurus
Geographic Names is an alphabetical and hierarchical list of geographic location terms used in ICPSR's
metadata records. The points below describe the structure and logic of the list:
Non-preferred terms are italicized and indicate (with USE notation) the appropriate term to apply.
USE: United States
USE FOR: USA
The hierarchy, expressed as broader term/narrower term is structured to (potentially) indicate a
BROADER TERM(S): Europe
NARROWER TERM(S): Amsterdam
While regional, continent, and country names are included in the current list, state/province and city
names are included on the basis of their occurrence in ICPSR-archived data sets. These will continue to
be added as needed.
Sub-regional geographic designations (such Middle East, Southeast Asia) are also included with
their associated country names listed as related terms.
Scope notes are used to delineate the geographic coverage of a region or sub-region. Additionally,
they are used to indicate historic context in cases of country name changes. In such cases, relevant
dates are given along with instructions/restrictions on the use of particular country name forms. Open
dates (e.g. 1991- ) indicate current context.
SCOPE NOTE(S): Formerly member of USSR; independent 1991- .
SCOPE NOTE(S): Use limited to 1922-1991.
Literary and historic warrant for the Geographic Regions and Country Names list is established through the following sources:
Merriam-Webster Geographic Dictionary. 1998. 3rd edition. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.
Random House Webster's College Dictionary. 1999. New York: Random House.