Search Results Use the search box below to revise your search, or start a new search. Studies (3) Variables Publications Your query returned 3 studies. Series results are grouped under the most relevant study. Ungroup series results to view all results. Sort by: Title A-Z Released/Updated Time Period Most Cited in ICPSR Bib. 1. Multi-Method Evaluation of Police Use of Force Outcomes: Cities, Counties, and National, 1998-2007 [United States] (ICPSR 25781) Alpert, Geoffrey P.; Smith, Michael R.; Fridell, Lorie 2. Police Use of Force in Metro-Dade, Florida, and Eugene and Springfield, Oregon, 1993-1995 (ICPSR 3152) Alpert, Geoffrey P.; Dunham, Roger G. 3. Understanding the Use of Force By and Against the Police in Six Jurisdictions in the United States, 1996-1997 (ICPSR 3172) Garner, Joel H.; Maxwell, Christopher D.