Drug Abuse as a Predictor of Rearrest or Failure to Appear in Court in New York City, 1984 (ICPSR 9979)

Principal Investigator(s): Wish, Eric D.


This data collection was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of drug use/drug use trends among booked arrestees in New York City and to analyze the relationship between drug use and crime. The data, which were collected over a six-month period, were generated from volunteer interviews with male arrestees, the analyses of their urine specimens, police and court records of prior criminal behavior and experience with the criminal justice system, and records of each arrestee's current case, including court warrants, rearrests, failures to appear, and court dispositions. Demographic variables include age, education, vocational training, marital status, residence, and employment. Items relating to prior and current drug use and drug dependency are provided, along with results from urinalysis tests for opiates, cocaine, PCP, and methadone. The collection also contains arrest data for index crimes and subsequent court records pertaining to those arrests (number of court warrants issued, number of pretrial rearrests, types of rearrests, failure to appear in court, and court dispositions), and prior criminal records (number of times arrested and convicted for certain offenses).

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


Wish, Eric D. Drug Abuse as a Predictor of Rearrest or Failure to Appear in Court in New York City, 1984 . ICPSR09979-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09979.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09979.v1

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (83-IJ-CX-K048)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    arrest records, court cases, criminal histories, disposition (legal), drug abuse, drug related crimes, drug testing, drug use, police records, recidivism prediction, urinalysis

Geographic Coverage:    New York (state), New York City, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1984-04--1984-10

Date of Collection:   

  • 1984-04--1984-10

Universe:    Male arrestees booked at Manhattan Central Booking from April to October 1984.

Data Type(s):    clinical data, event/transaction data, survey data


Sample:    Nonrandom data collection from 6,406 arrestees. Priority was given to those persons charged with nondrug felony offenses. Drug offenses accounted for 20 percent of the sample, and 76 percent were felony offenses.

Data Source:

personal interviews, urine samples, and police and court records


Original ICPSR Release:   1993-05-13

Version History:

  • 2000-04-18 SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been added to this collection and the codebook and data collection instrument are now available as a PDF file.

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