United States Department of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities, 1990 . ICPSR09908-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09908.v2
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09908.v2
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correctional facilities (adults),
Date of Collection:
The facility universe was developed from the Census of
State Adult Correctional Facilities conducted in 1984. This list was
revised using the 1990 American Correctional Association Directory and
information obtained from state correctional administrators and the
Federal Bureau of Prisons. The census included prisons, prison farms,
reception, diagnostic, and classification centers, road camps,
forestry and conservation camps, youthful offender facilities (except
in California), vocational training facilities, correctional drug and
alcohol treatment facilities, and state-operated local detention
facilities in Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Rhode Island, and
Data Collection Notes:
When all prisons in the census did not provide data on
particular variables, estimated figures were used where indicated.
Total figures were estimated by multiplying the known or reported
numbers by the ratio of the total relevant population to the reported
population. All figures were estimated independently and total
estimates were therefore larger than the sum of all subgroup
estimates. The total population figure used in the projections
varied, depending upon which figure was most appropriate. The two
available population figures are the average daily population and the
prison count on the reference day for the census--June 29, 1990. For
drug testing, the basis for estimation was the average daily
population, and for drug treatment capacity and enrollment, the basis
was the one-day count. (2) The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a
Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was
developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF
reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how
to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web
Data were collected from 957 state prison facilities, 250
state community-based facilities, and 80 federal prisons operating on
June 29, 1990.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Performed consistency checks.
Standardized missing values.
Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.