United States Sentencing Commission
The United States Sentencing Commission, established by the
98th Congress, is an independent agency in the judicial branch of
government. The Commission's primary function is to institute
guidelines that prescribe the appropriate form and severity of
punishment for offenders convicted of federal crimes. This survey was
developed in response to issues that arose during site visits
conducted in conjunction with an implementation study of sentencing
guidelines and was intended to supplement the information obtained in
the more extensive site visit interviews. Topics include the impact of
the plea agreement, departures by the court, mandatory minimum
sentences, the general issue of unwarranted sentencing disparity, and
whether this disparity had increased, decreased, or stayed about the
same since the sentencing guidelines were imposed in 1987.
One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users
may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public.
Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
U.S. Sentencing Commission. NATIONAL SURVEY OF JUDGES AND COURT PRACTITIONERS, 1991. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Sentencing Commission [producer], 1992. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09837.v1
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09837.v1
- RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
- EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
policies and procedures,
Date of Collection:
Federal district judges, public defenders, assistant
United States attorneys engaged in criminal work, federal panel
attorneys, and federal probation officers.
Data Collection Notes:
The codebook and data collection instruments are
provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF
file was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed
using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat
Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is
provided on the ICPSR Web site.
All federal district judges and federal public defenders
were surveyed. A random sample was drawn of assistant United States
attorneys engaged in criminal work, federal panel attorneys, and
federal probation officers who prepared presentence reports or
performed investigations for those reports.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1993-04-09
- 2000-10-27 SAS and SPSS data definition statements were added
to this collection, and the codebook and data collection instruments
are now available as a PDF file.
If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.