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Impact of Sentencing Reforms and Speedy Trial Laws in the United States, 1969-1989 (ICPSR 9736) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The certainty and promptness of punishment have long been hypothesized to be important variables in deterring crime. This data collection evaluates whether sentencing reforms to enhance certainty of punishment and speedy trial laws to enhance promptness of punishment affected crime rates, prison admissions, and prison populations. Variables include state, year, crime reports, economic conditions, population (including age structure), prison population, prison releases, and prison admissions. The unit of observation is the state by the year.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

Dataset - Download All Files (1,746 KB)
Documentation:
Data:

Study Description

Citation

Marvell, Thomas B., and Carlisle E. Moody, Jr. IMPACT OF SENTENCING REFORMS AND SPEEDY TRIAL LAWS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1969-1989. Williamsburg, VA: Justec Research [producer], 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. doi:10.3886/ICPSR09736.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (88-IJ-CX-0045)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   crime rates, deterrence, inmate populations, prisons, punishment, sentencing, sentencing reforms, trials

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1969--1989

Date of Collection:  

  • 1988--1990

Universe:   The population of the United States during 1969-1989.

Data Types:   aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

This collection contains two 87-character records per case.

Methodology

Sample:   The data collection is a pooled cross-sectional time series in 50 states for the period 1969-1989.

Data Source:

(1) "Prisoners and Prison Admissions and Releases," from Bureau of Justice Statistics reports, (2) Federal Bureau of Investigation Crime Report, 1972-1990, (3) United States Bureau of the Census population data, and (4) United States Department of Commerce economic data

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

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