United States Sentencing Commission
The United States Sentencing Commission, established by the
98th Congress, is an independent agency in the judicial branch of
government. The Commission recommends guidelines prescribing the
appropriate form and severity of punishment for offenders convicted of
federal crimes. These data were collected to determine whether
sentencing disparities existed and whether the guidelines were
adequate. Basic information in the collection includes a description of
the offense, characterization of the defendant's background and
criminal record, method of disposition of the case, and sentence
imposed. Felony and misdemeanor cases are included while petty offense
cases are excluded. Three types of additional information were used to
augment the existing data: (1) more detailed offense and offender
characteristics identified by the United States Sentencing Commission
but coded by federal probation officers, (2) actual time served in
prison from the SENTRY data file of the United States Bureau of
Prisons, and (3) information necessary to estimate prospective release
dates from the hearing files of the United States Parole Commission.
The unit of analysis is the defendant.
U.S. Sentencing Commission. AUGMENTED FEDERAL PROBATION, SENTENCING, AND SUPERVISION INFORMATION SYSTEM, 1985. 2nd ICPSR release. Washington, DC: U.S. Sentencing Commission [producer], 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1993. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09664.v2
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09664.v2
- RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
- EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
Individuals sentenced for serious misdemeanor or felony
offenses between October 1, 1984, and September 30, 1985, in United
States District Courts.
administrative records data
Data Collection Notes:
For reasons of confidentiality, specific information
identifying defendants has been eliminated from these data.
Stratified random sample.
records from the Administrative Office of the United
States Court's Federal Probation Sentencing and Supervision Information
Original ICPSR Release: 1992-01-10
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 6 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.