Newman, Graeme, and Bruce DiCristina. UNITED NATIONS WORLD CRIME SURVEYS: FIRST SURVEY, 1970-1975 AND SECOND SURVEY, 1975-1980. Albany, NY: State University of New York, School of Criminal Justice [producer], 1991. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1991. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09571.v1
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09571.v1
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criminal justice policy,
criminal justice system,
international crime statistics,
Member countries of the United Nations.
survey data, and aggregate data
Data Collection Notes:
The documentation for Part 1 indicates a total of 91
cases (countries). The data, however, indicate a total of 101 cases.
(countries). These ten additional countries are Bulgaria, Cayman
Islands, Gibraltar, Honduras, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Nigeria, Saudi
Arabia, Sudan, and Vanuatu. Similarly, the documentation for Part 2
indicates a total of 91 cases (countries), but there are actually 96.
The five additional countries are Bulgaria, Cayman Islands, Gibraltar,
Honduras, and Vanuatu. The original documentation further indicates 30
records per case. Two countries in Part 1, however, fall short of 30
records per case: Algeria and Mauritius. Algeria is missing one record
and Mauritius is missing 2 records. For both parts, where substantial
discrepancies occurred between the validation data collected through
the questionnaire, the questionnaire data were entered, unless they
appeared to deviate substantially from the overall pattern of the data.
This occurred in only a few instances. The following crime categories
could not be made comparable between the first and second surveys:
rape, drugs, judges, and totals. The term "rape" was not used in the
first survey. Instead, the phrase "sex offenses" was used. In the
first survey, the phrase "substance abuse" was used, and the
responses broken down into "drugs" and "alcohol." The data recorded
for the first survey are for "substance abuse" with alcohol excluded.
The nearest equivalent to substance abuse in the second survey was the
category "drug crimes." However, the first survey also requested data
on "illegal traffic in drugs." This was not requested in the second
survey, although the variables are included in this data set, and some
data were entered into them from the validation questionnaires. The
first survey did not define "judges." Consequently, no distinction
was made between professional and lay judges. The data of the second
survey report only professional judges. Total crimes was a separate
category in both surveys. It does not necessarily equal the sum of the
other crime categories collected in the survey. In some developing
countries, for example, often the gross total of all crimes was the
only information available.
These data represent the official statistics of member
countries of the United Nations and are drawn from the following
sources: (1) FIRST AND SECOND UNITED NATIONS WORLD CRIME SURVEYS, (2)
UNITED NATIONS QUESTIONNAIRE ON THE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF VIOLENCE,
(3) UNITED NATIONS WORLD CRIME SURVEY VALIDATION QUESTIONNAIRE, (4)
Yearbooks, Annual Reports, and Statistical Abstracts