Sex Discrimination as Perceived by Adult Males and Females, 1985: [New Jersey] (ICPSR 9250)

Principal Investigator(s): Sigel, Roberta S.; Zukin, Cliff


This data collection provides information on the ways in which men and women perceive the existence or non-existence of sex discrimination, how they react to it, and how they assign blame for it. The data explored "minority consciousness" among women and investigated how this group-shared consciousness affected women's orientation toward the political system as well as toward each other. Variables designed to measure minority consciousness include respondents' views on the existence of societal, work-related, and domestic sex discrimination, attitudes regarding such discrimination, and the extent to which women identify with other women. Variables regarding personal experiences with sex discrimination and sexual harassment are also included. Other questions explored attitudes toward recent changes in women's status, responsibility for both past and future changes in status, and the effect of such changes on the respondent's own life. Additional information was gathered on the role of the government in bringing about change in the status of women. Demographic variables include sex, age, race, education, religion, marital status, number of and ages of children, occupation, and family and personal income, as well as political party identification and ideology.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


Dataset - Download All Files (6.929 MB)
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Study Description


Sigel, Roberta S., and Cliff Zukin. SEX DISCRIMINATION AS PERCEIVED BY ADULT MALES AND FEMALES, 1985: [NEW JERSEY]. 2nd ICPSR version. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Center for Public Interest Polling [producer], 1986. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2000.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

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This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES 84-20157)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, men, minorities, perceptions, sex discrimination, women

Geographic Coverage:    New Jersey, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1985-12

Date of Collection:   

  • 1985-12-03--1985-12-12

Universe:    All adult residents 18 and older in the 21 counties of New Jersey.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The codebook and data collection instrument are provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Website.


Sample:    A modified random-digit dial sampling technique was employed to yield a sample that proportionately represented all 21 New Jersey counties. A quota sampling design also was used to disproportionately represent women by a 2 to 1 ratio over men.

Data Source:

telephone interviews


Original ICPSR Release:   1989-12-15

Version History:

  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
  • 2000-10-05 SPSS data definition statements were updated and SAS data definition statements were created for this collection. ICPSR reformatted the data to LRECL format. A revised codebook, including a data completeness report, was created for the reformatted data file, and original hardcopy documentation from the principal investigator was converted to Portable Document Format (PDF).



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