The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Interaction Between Neighborhood Change and Criminal Activity, 1950-1976: Los Angeles County (ICPSR 9056)

Principal Investigator(s): Kobrin, Solomon; Schuerman, Leo A.


This study was conducted in 1979 at the Social Science Research Institute, University of Southern California, and explores the relationship between neighborhood change and crime rates between the years 1950 and 1976. The data were aggregated by unique and consistently-defined spatial areas, referred to as dummy tracts or neighborhoods, within Los Angeles County. By combining United States Census data and administrative data from several state, county, and local agencies, the researchers were able to develop measures that tapped the changing structural and compositional aspects of each neighborhood and their interaction with the patterns of juvenile delinquency. Some of the variables included are annual income, home environment, number of crimes against persons, and number of property crimes.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


Kobrin, Solomon, and Leo A. Schuerman. Interaction Between Neighborhood Change and Criminal Activity, 1950-1976: Los Angeles County . ICPSR09056-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1998.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (78-NI-AX-0127)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    cities, crime, juvenile delinquency, neighborhood characteristics, neighborhood conditions, neighborhoods

Geographic Coverage:    California, Los Angeles, United States

Date of Collection:   

  • 1979

Universe:    Neighborhoods within Los Angeles County.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data


Sample:    Defined spatial areas, referred to as dummy tracts or neighborhoods, were selected for sampling.

Data Source:

(1) Los Angeles County tax, probation, and voter registration records, (2) Los Angeles Police Department juvenile and criminal offense records, (3) California State county-level records on mobility and mortality, and (4) 1970 U.S. Census of Population and Housing

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-03-18

Version History:

  • 1998-05-27 The logical record length data have been reformatted, excess decimal zeroes were deleted, and the corresponding SPSS data definition statements revised. Also, SAS data definition statements have been prepared, and a machine-readable codebook is now available as a Portable Document Format file.

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