Block, Michael K.;
Nold, Fredrick C.
These data were collected to explore the relationship
between profit levels in the concrete industry and the antitrust
enforcement activities undertaken by the United States Department of
Justice in 19 cities over an 11-year period. The data collection is
composed mainly of published aggregate data on ready-mix concrete
costs and prices. Profits and estimates of collusive markups in this
industry can be calculated and related to antitrust enforcement
efforts. Variables include measures of wages and materials costs,
prices of concrete products, number of building permits issued,
gasoline prices, the consumer price index, number of laborers
employed, unemployment rates, measures of change in the Department of
Justice's Antitrust Division budget, change in number of DOJ permanent
enforcement personnel, and number of antitrust criminal actions
initiated by DOJ against ready-mix concrete users, producers of
related products, producers of substitutes for ready-mix products, and
Block, Michael K., and Fredrick C. Nold. Deterrent Effects of Antitrust Enforcement [United States]: the Ready-Mix Concrete Industry, 1970-1980. ICPSR09040-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09040.v1
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09040.v1
- RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
- EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (80-IJ-CX-0105)
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
Data Collection Notes:
The data collection is a pooled time-series of
cross-sections: data are presented for the years 1970-1980, although data
for 1969 are available for a limited number of variables. The three files
supply data for varying units of time (months, quarter, years.
The sample consists of 19 representative cities in the
(1) ENGINEERING NEWS RECORD, (2) Bureau of Labor
Statistics' INDUSTRY WAGE SURVEY, (3) Bureau of Labor Statistics'
EMPLOYMENT AND EARNINGS, (4) Bureau of Labor Statistics' GEOGRAPHIC
PROFILES OF EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT, (5) Bureau of Labor
Statistics' CONSUMER ENERGY PRICES, (6) OIL AND GAS JOURNAL, (7) Bureau
of Census' HOUSING UNITS AUTHORIZED BY BUILDING PERMITS AND PUBLIC
CONTRACTS, and (8) STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF THE UNITED STATES
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Standardized missing values.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1988-10-25
- 2006-03-30 File CB9040.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one
or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well
as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable,
and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to
reflect these additions.
- 2002-07-18 SAS and SPSS data definition statements were
created for this collection and the codebook was converted to PDF.
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