Public and Private Resources in Public Safety [United States]: Metropolitan Area Panel Data, 1977 and 1982 (ICPSR 8988)

Principal Investigator(s): Zedlewski, Edwin W.


This data collection provides a series of measures relating to public safety for all SMSAs in the United States at two time periods. Variables include: municipal employment (e.g. number of municipal employees, number of police employees, police payrolls, municipal employees per 10,000 inhabitants), municipal revenue (total debt, property taxes, utility revenues, income taxes), nonmunicipal employment (retail services, mining services, construction services, finance services), crime rates (murder, robbery, auto theft, rape), labor force and unemployment, property value, and other miscellaneous topics.

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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DS2:  SAS Control Cards - Download All Files (0.019 MB)

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Study Description


Zedlewski, Edwin W. PUBLIC AND PRIVATE RESOURCES IN PUBLIC SAFETY [UNITED STATES]: METROPOLITAN AREA PANEL DATA, 1977 AND 1982. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice and College Park, Maryland: University of Maryland, Criminal Justice Data Resource Program, Institute of Criminal Justice and Criminology. [producers], 1988. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1988.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    crime rates, municipal expenditures, municipal services, police officers, public interest, public safety

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Universe:    All standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas in the United States as defined by the Office of Management and Budget for the years 1977 and 1982.


Data Source:

Published and unpublished data collected by the United States government.


Original ICPSR Release:   1989-01-10

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