Cole, George F.;
These data were collected to examine the practices and
views of state trial court judges with respect to their use of fines
as a criminal sanction. Respondents were asked about the composition
of their caseloads, sentencing practices (including fines imposed for
various circumstances), available information about the offender at
time of sentencing, enforcement and collection procedures in their
courts, and their attitudes toward the use of fines. In addition to
questions concerning the judges' use of fines and other sanctions, the
questionnaire presented the judges with hypothetical cases.
Cole, George F., and Barry Mahoney. FINES AS A CRIMINAL SANCTION: PRACTICES AND ATTITUDES OF TRIAL COURT JUDGES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1985. ICPSR version. Denver, CO: Institute for Court Management of the National Center for State Courts/Storrs, CT: University of Connecticut [producers], 1987. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2002. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08945.v1
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08945.v1
- RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
- EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (84-IJ-CX-0012)
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
All state court judges of general jurisdiction and limited,
but not special, jurisdiction in the United States.
Data Collection Notes:
The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format
(PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems
Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as
the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the
Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.
Stratified random sample.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Standardized missing values.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1988-10-25
- 2002-06-27 SAS and SPSS data definition statements were
created and the codebook was converted to PDF.
Hillsman, Sally T.
Fines and Day Fines
Crime and Justice: A Review of Research
University of Chicago Press.
Export Options: RIS/EndNote
Cole, George F.,
Hanson, Roger A.
The Practices and Attitudes of Trial Court Judges Regarding Fines as a Criminal Sanction, Executive Summary
United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.
Full Text Options:
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