Guardian Angels: Citizen Response to Crime in Selected Cities of the United States, 1984 (ICPSR 8935)

Principal Investigator(s): Pennell, Susan; Curtis, Christine; Henderson, Joel


This study was designed to assess the effects of the activities of the Guardian Angels on citizens' fear of crime, incidence of crime, and police officers' perceptions of the Guardian Angels. The data, which were collected in several large American cities, provide information useful for evaluating the activities of the Guardian Angels from the perspectives of transit riders, residents, merchants, and police officers. Respondents who were transit riders were asked to provide information on their knowledge of and contacts with the Angels, attitudes toward the group, feelings of safety on public transit, victimization experience, and demographic characteristics. Police officers were asked about their knowledge of the Angels, attitudes toward the group, opinions regarding the benefits and effectiveness of the group, and law enforcement experiences. Data for residents and merchants include demographic characteristics, general problems in the neighborhood, opinions regarding crime problems, crime prevention activities, fear of crime, knowledge of the Angels, attitudes toward the group, and victimization experiences.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Transit Riders - Download All Files (7.505 MB)
DS2:  Police Officers - Download All Files (7.518 MB)
DS3:  Residents - Download All Files (7.503 MB)
DS4:  Merchants - Download All Files (7.5 MB)

Study Description


Pennell, Susan, Christine Curtis, and Joel Henderson. Guardian Angels: Citizen Response to Crime in Selected Cities of the United States, 1984. ICPSR08935-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1988.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (83-IJ-CX-0037)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    commuting (travel), crime, crime prevention, neighborhoods, police activity, public transportation, victimization

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1984--1985

Date of Collection:   

  • 1984-08--1985-02

Universe:    Part 1: Transit riders in Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, and New York City. Part 2: Patrol officers in Boston, Chicago, Dallas, New York City, Sacramento, and San Francisco. Part 3: Housing units in an area of 86 city blocks in downtown San Diego. Part 4: Businesses in the downtown San Diego area that were open between 7 and 11 pm.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    Part 1: Convenience sample of users of public transportation. Part 2: Convenience sample of patrol officers present for duty on date of survey. Part 3: Random sampling of housing units. Respondents were selected from within selected housing units. Part 4: Random selection of businesses.

Data Source:

personal interviews, and self-enumerated forms


Original ICPSR Release:   1988-10-25

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB8935.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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