United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) sponsors the Sample
Survey of Jails as part of a series of statistical programs measuring
the correctional population. The Sample Survey meets BJS's need to
analyze continuously the "spillover" effect on local jails of the
growth in federal and state prison populations. The data are used in
conjunction with statistics on federal and state prisoners to provide a
complete picture of the adult correctional system and to measure
changes in that system.
Annual Survey of Jails Data Series
U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. ANNUAL SURVEY OF JAILS: JURISDICTION-LEVEL AND JAIL-LEVEL DATA, 1985. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census [producer], 1986. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2001. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08687.v1
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08687.v1
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This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
All jails in the United States.
survey data, and aggregate data
Data Collection Notes:
(1) The Bureau of Justice Statistics conducts a
complete census of local jails every five years. In the intervening
years this Sample Survey provides basic data about the national jail
population. The first Sample Survey was conducted in 1982 and was
followed by a complete census of jails in 1983. Sample Surveys have
been conducted in 1984 and, most recently, in 1985. The Omnibus Crime
Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, as amended (42 U.S.C. 3732),
authorized the collection of this information. (2) The codebook is
provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF
file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be
accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat
Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is
provided on the ICPSR Web site.
A simple random sample of jurisdictions stratified by
average daily population as reported in the 1985 Census of Local
self-enumerated forms, and personal interviews
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Standardized missing values.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1987-10-12
- 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one
or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well
as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable,
and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to
reflect these additions.
- 2002-01-10 At the request of the principal investigator, the
title was changed from the National Survey of Jails:
Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1992, to Annual Survey of
Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1992 to more accurately
reflect the scope of the survey. The codebook has been converted to
PDF and SAS and SPSS data definition statements were created.
Baunach, Phyllis Jo,
Jail Inmates, 1985
United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.
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