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Recidivism Among Young Parolees: a Study of Inmates Released from Prison in 22 States, 1978 (ICPSR 8673)

Principal Investigator(s):


This study examines the criminal activities of a group of young offenders after their release from prison to parole supervision. Previous studies have examined recidivism using arrests as the principal measure, whereas this study examines a variety of factors, including length of incarceration, age, sex, race, prior arrest record, prosecutions, length of time between parole and rearrest, parolees not prosecuted for new offenses but having their parole revoked, rearrests in states other than the paroling states, and the nature and location of rearrest charges. Parolees in the 22 states covered in this study account for 50 percent of all state prisoners paroled in the United States in 1978.

Access Notes

  • These data are available to the general public.


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Study Description


United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Recidivism Among Young Parolees: a Study of Inmates Released from Prison in 22 States, 1978. ICPSR08673-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   arrests, crime, criminal justice system, demographic characteristics, parole systems

Geographic Coverage:   Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, United States, Utah, Virginia, Wyoming

Time Period:  

  • 1978

Date of Collection:  

  • 1985-01-04

Universe:   Population of offenders aged 18 to 22, released from prison to parole supervision.

Data Types:   event/transaction data

Data Collection Notes:

This data collection is hierarchically structured with two levels. The first level contains Uniform Parole Report data and has 4,002 records with one record per case. The second level contains record of arrest and prosecution and has 22,192 records with one record per case.


Sample:   Random selection, or stratified sampling, or all persons paroled, depending on the state, selected to ensure maximum coverage.

Data Source:

Individual records supplied in the Uniform Parole Reports (UPR) and Federal Bureau of Investigation Records of Arrest and Prosecution (RAP)

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Restrictions: For certain variables, the data have been masked to maintain the respondent confidentiality.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 1997-05-30 SAS and SPSS data definition statements are now available for this collection.

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