The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Governmental Responses to Crime in the United States, 1948-1978 (ICPSR 8076) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The Governmental Responses to Crime Project was initiated in October 1978 as a result of the rising crime rate in urban areas of the United States and the wide variety of programs seeking to contain it. The project investigated the way in which urban governments, citizens, newspapers and state governments responded to the growth and increasing complexity of crime during the period from 1948 to 1978. Pertinent variables in this data collection include the number of police officers in cities and police expenditures, changes in laws as crime changes, populations, employment rates, family incomes, percent of non-white population, media tracking of crime, city land area, kinds of crimes, crime rates, actual numbers of offenses, penalties given out for crimes committed (time in jail or prison and fines), focus on crimes within certain geographical areas (from within cities or outside the United States), editorial page content, level of prominence of newspaper articles on individual crimes, and the number of editorials relating to specific crimes.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.

DS1:  Baseline - Download All Files (4.9 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS2:  Ten City - Download All Files (0.2 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS3:  City Ordinances - Download All Files (0.2 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS4:  State Ordinances - Download All Files (0.2 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS5:  Media Attentiveness in Minneapolis - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS6:  Media Attentiveness in Indianapolis - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS7:  Media Attentiveness in Philadelphia - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS8:  Media Attentiveness in Boston - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS9:  Media Attentiveness in Oakland - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS10:  Media Attentiveness in San Jose - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS11:  Media Attentiveness in Atlanta - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS12:  Media Attentiveness in Phoenix - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS13:  Media Attentiveness in Houston - Download All Files (0.7 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup

Study Description

Citation

Jacob, Herbert. Governmental Responses to Crime in the United States, 1948-1978. ICPSR08076-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1985. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR08076.v2

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (78-NI-AX-0096)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   assault, burglary, cities, correctional facilities, courts, crime, criminal justice system, felony offenses, jails, police departments, population characteristics, prosecuting attorneys, rape, sentencing, states (USA), theft, urban communities, victimization

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1948--1978

Date of Collection:  

  • 1978-10--1980-12

Universe:   All cities in the United States with a population over 50,000 in 1950, 1960, 1970 and 1975.

Data Types:   event/transaction data, survey data

Methodology

Sample:   United States cities with both extreme high and low values for several factors relevant to the response to crime, as well as "average" values for same.

Data Source:

police department data, newspapers, ANNOTATED STATUTES, United States Bureau of the Census data, Uniform Crime Reporting data, United States Statistical Abstracts, City County Data Book (years 1950, 1960, 1970, and 1975)

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

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