Funded by the National Institute of Justice, this data collection
represents Phase II of a larger project to evaluate pretrial release
study focuses on four major topics: (1) release--rates and types of
releases, defendant or case characteristics and their impact on the
release decision, (2) court appearance --extent to which released
defendants appear in court, factors associated with defendants'
failure to appear in court, (3) pretrial criminality--number of
rearrests during the pretrial period and the factors predicting
rearrest, charges and rates of conviction for crimes committed during
the pretrial period, and (4) impact of pretrial release programs--effect of
programs on release decisions and on the behavior of defendants. The study
is limited to adult defendants processed through state and local trial
courts, and to pretrial release rather than pretrial intervention or
diversion programs. Part 1 is an analysis of release practices and
outcomes in eight jurisdictions (Baltimore City and Baltimore County,
Maryland, Washington, DC, Dade County, Florida, Jefferson County,
Kentucky, Pima County, Arizona, Santa Cruz County, California, and
Santa Clara County, California). The pretrial release "delivery
systems," that is, the major steps and individuals and organizations
in the pretrial release process, were analyzed in each jurisdiction.
Additionally, a sample of defendants from each site was studied from
point of arrest to final case disposition and sentencing. Part 2 of
this study examines the impact of the existence of pretrial release
programs on release, court appearance, and pretrial release outcomes.
An experimental design was used to compare a group of
defendants who participated in a pretrial release program with a
control group who did not. Experiments were conducted in Pima County
(Tucson), Arizona, Baltimore City, Maryland, Lincoln, Nebraska, and
Jefferson County (Beaumont-Port Arthur), Texas. In Tucson, separate
experiments were conducted for felony and misdemeanor cases.