The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Characteristics and Movement of Felons in California Prisons, 1851-1964 (ICPSR 7971)

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

Felons in the California prison system are documented in this data collection. The data are arranged by year and type of movement within the prison system, and include admissions, paroles, parole violations, suspensions or reinstatements of parole, discharges, deaths, and executions. Each record contains information on certain characteristics of the person involved, such as age at admission, race, marital status, education, military history, occupation, number of prior arrests, escape record, date and type of releases, and parole violations.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.

DS1:  Male Admissions 1945 - Download All Files (0.2 MB)
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DS2:  Male Paroles 1945 - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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DS3:  Male Admissions 1957 - Download All Files (0.4 MB)
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DS4:  Male Parole 1957 - Download All Files (0.3 MB)
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DS5:  Male Suspension of Parole 1957 - Download All Files (0.2 MB)
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DS6:  Male Reinstatement of Parole 1957 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS7:  Male Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1957 - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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DS8:  Male Institutional Termination 1957 - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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DS9:  Male Admissions 1964 - Download All Files (0.4 MB)
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DS10:  Male Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
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DS11:  Male Suspension of Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0.4 MB)
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DS12:  Male Reinstatement of Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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DS13:  Male Parole Violators Returned to Prison 1964 - Download All Files (0.3 MB)
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DS14:  Male Institutional Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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DS15:  Male Active Parole Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0.2 MB)
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DS16:  Male Inactive Parole Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS17:  Female Admission to Prison 1945 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS18:  Female Parole Release 1945 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS19:  Female Suspension of Parole 1945 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS20:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1945 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS21:  Female Institutional Termination 1945 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS22:  Female Active Parole Termination 1945 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS23:  Female Admission to Prison 1946 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS24:  Female Parole Release 1946 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS25:  Female Suspension of Parole 1946 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS26:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1946 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS27:  Female Institutional Termination 1946 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS28:  Female Active Parole Termination 1946 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS29:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1946 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS30:  Female Admission to Prison 1947 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS31:  Female Parole Release 1947 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS32:  Female Suspension of Parole 1947 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS33:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1947 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS34:  Female Institutional Termination 1947 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS35:  Female Active Parole Termination 1947 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS36:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1947 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS37:  Female Admission to Prison 1948 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS38:  Female Parole Release 1948 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS39:  Female Suspension of Parole 1948 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS40:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1948 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS41:  Female Institutional Termination 1948 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS42:  Female Active Parole Termination 1948 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS43:  Female Admission to Prison 1949 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS44:  Female Parole Release 1949 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS45:  Female Suspension of Parole 1949 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS46:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1949 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS47:  Female Institutional Termination 1949 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS48:  Female Active Parole Termination 1949 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS49:  Female Admission to Prison 1950 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS50:  Female Parole Release 1950 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS51:  Female Suspension of Parole 1950 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS52:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1950 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS53:  Female Institutional Termination 1950 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS54:  Female Active Parole Termination 1950 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS55:  Female Admission to Prison 1951 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS56:  Female Parole Release 1951 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS57:  Female Suspension of Parole 1951 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS58:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1951 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS59:  Female Institutional Termination 1951 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS60:  Female Active Parole Termination 1951 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS61:  Female Admission to Prison 1952 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS62:  Female Parole Release 1952 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS63:  Female Suspension of Parole 1952 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS64:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1952 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS65:  Female Institutional Termination 1952 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS66:  Female Active Parole Termination 1952 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS67:  Female Admission to Prison 1953 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS68:  Female Parole Release 1953 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS69:  Female Suspension of Parole 1953 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS70:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1953 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS71:  Female Institutional Termination 1953 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS72:  Female Active Parole Termination 1953 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS73:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1953 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS74:  Female Admission to Prison 1954 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS75:  Female Parole Release 1954 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS76:  Female Suspension of Parole 1954 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS77:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1954 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS78:  Female Institutional Termination 1954 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS79:  Female Active Parole Termination 1954 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS80:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1954 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS81:  Female Admission to Prison 1955 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS82:  Female Suspension of Parole 1955 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS83:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1955 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS84:  Female Institutional Termination 1955 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS85:  Female Active Parole Termination 1955 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS86:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1955 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS87:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1958 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS88:  Female Institutional Termination 1958 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS89:  Female Admission to Prison 1959 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS90:  Female Parole Release 1959 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS91:  Female Suspension of Parole 1959 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS92:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1959 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS93:  Female Institutional Termination 1959 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS94:  Female Active Parole Termination 1959 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS95:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1959 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS96:  Female Admission to Prison 1960 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS97:  1960 Female Parole Release - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS98:  Female Suspension of Parole 1960 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS99:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1960 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS100:  Female Institutional Termination 1960 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS101:  Female Active Parole Termination 1960 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS102:  Female Admission to Prison 1961 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS103:  Female Parole Release 1961 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS104:  Female Suspension of Parole 1961 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS105:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1961 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS106:  Female Institutional Termination 1961 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS107:  Female Active Parole Termination 1961 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS108:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1961 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS109:  Female Admission to Prison 1962 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS110:  Female Parole Releases 1962 - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
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DS111:  Female Reinstatement of Parole, 1962 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS112:  Female Institutional Termination 1962 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS113:  Female Active Parole Termination 1962 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS114:  Female Admission to Prison 1963 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS115:  Female Parole Release 1963 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS116:  Female Suspension of Parole 1963 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS117:  Female Reinstatement of Parole 1963 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS118:  Female Parole Violators Returned to Prison 1963 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS119:  Female Institutional Termination 1963 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS120:  Female Active Parole Termination 1963 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS121:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1963 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS122:  Female Admission to Prison 1964 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS123:  Female Parole Release 1964 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS124:  Female Suspension of Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS125:  Female Reinstatement of Parole 1964 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS126:  Female Parole Violator Returned to Prison 1964 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS127:  Female Institutional Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS128:  Female Active Parole Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS129:  Female Inactive Parole Termination 1964 - Download All Files (0 MB)
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DS130:  1851-1865 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1 MB)
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DS131:  1866-1880 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.3 MB)
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DS132:  1881-1895 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.3 MB)
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DS133:  1896-1910 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.3 MB)
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DS134:  1911-1925 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
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DS135:  1926-1935 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.3 MB)
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DS136:  1936-1944 California Prison Sample - Download All Files (1.2 MB)
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DS137:  Codebook-listed-to-tape for Datasets 0130-0136
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DS138:  Codebook for Parts 1-129
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Study Description

Citation

Messinger, Sheldon. Characteristics and Movement of Felons in California Prisons, 1851-1964. ICPSR07971-v3. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1991. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07971.v3

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
  • National Science Foundation

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   arrests, convictions (law), correctional facilities, criminal justice system, demographic characteristics, fatalities, felons, inmates, parole

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1851--1964

Date of Collection:  

  • 1978

Universe:   All male and female felons committed to the Director of Corrections in California for the years 1851 to 1964.

Data Types:   event/transaction data, survey data

Methodology

Data Source:

California Department of Corrections Official Records

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

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Utilities

Metadata Exports

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