This data collection contains information gathered in a
two-part survey that was designed to assess institutional conditions
in state and federal prisons and in halfway houses. It was one of a
series of data-gathering efforts undertaken during the 1970s to assist
policymakers in assessing and overcoming deficiencies in the nation's
correctional institutions. This particular survey was conducted in
response to a mandate set forth in the Crime Control Act of 1976. Data
were gathered via self-enumerated questionnaires that were mailed to
the administrators of all 558 federal and state prisons and all 405
community-based prerelease facilities in existence in the United
States in 1979. Part 1 contains the results of the survey of state and
federal adult correctional systems, and Part 2 contains the results of
the survey of community-based prerelease facilities. The two files
contain similar variables designed to tap certain key aspects of
confinement: (1) inmate (or resident) counts by sex and by security
class, (2) age of facility and rated capacity, (3) spatial density,
occupancy, and hours confined for each inmate's (or resident's)
confinement quarters, (4) composition of inmate (or resident)
population according to race, age, and offense type, (5) inmate (or
resident) labor and earnings, (6) race, age, and sex characteristics
of prison (or half-way house) staff, and (7) court orders by type of
order and pending litigation. Other data (contained in both files)
include case ID number, state ID number, name of facility, and
operator of facility (e.g., federal, state, local, or private).
Survey of State and Federal Adult Correctional Systems.
Download All Files
Abt Associates. Survey of American Prisons and Jails, 1979. ICPSR07899-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1983. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07899.v2
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07899.v2
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- EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (77-NI-AX-C018)
Scope of Study
federal correctional facilities,
state correctional facilities
District of Columbia,
New York (state),
Date of Collection:
All state and federal adult confinement institutions and
community-based prerelease facilities in the United States.
The response rate was 100 percent, although a number of
institutions had to be queried by telephone as a result of their
failure to complete the mailed instrument. In one case, Texas, the
federal court in a civil rights case involving the Department of
Corrections required the Department to complete the questionnaires.
self-enumerated questionnaires, and telephone
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Standardized missing values.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1984-03-18
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