Plea Bargaining in the United States, 1978 (ICPSR 7775)

Principal Investigator(s): Miller, Herbert S.; McDonald, William; Cramer, James A.


This study was conducted in 1978 at the Institute of Criminal Law and Procedure of the Georgetown University Law Center. The study consists of three files. The first contains information from 3,397 case files in six United States cities. The 63 variables include demographic information on the accused and the victim, past record of the accused, seriousness of the offense, pleas entered, speed of trial process, and sentencing. The second file contains information gathered from in-court observations focused on the formal supervision of plea bargaining by judges. There are approximately 33 variables for each of the 711 court observations. The third file consists of the results of a plea bargaining simulation game. There are 17 variables for each of the 479 cases in the file.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Case File Instrument - Download All Files (6.583 MB)
DS2:  In-Court Observation - Download All Files (6.121 MB)
DS3:  Plea Bargaining Simulation - Download All Files (6.102 MB)

Study Description


Miller, Herbert S., William McDonald, and James A. Cramer. PLEA BARGAINING IN THE UNITED STATES, 1978. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Law Center [producer], 1978. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1980.

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This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (77-NI-99-0049)

Scope of Study



Original ICPSR Release:   1984-03-18

Version History:

  • 2006-01-18 File CB7775.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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