U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. POLICE USE OF FORCE DATA, 1996: [UNITED STATES]. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 1998. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06999.v1
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06999.v1
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police citizen interactions,
police use of force,
Date of Collection:
Persons aged 12 or older in American households that were
selected to participate in the NCVS.
Data Collection Notes:
(1) For the pretest, the Census Bureau interviewed
6,467 residents aged 12 or older. Of these, 6,421 were asked a
question regarding whether they had any contact with a police officer
during a 12-month period. For this reason, the codebook indicates that
interviews were completed with 6,421 persons. (2) The codebook and
data collection instrument are provided as a Portable Document Format
(PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems
Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as
the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the
Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.
One-seventh of the sample that was scheduled for its final
interview in May, June, or July of 1996.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Standardized missing values.
Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.