The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Annual Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1991 (ICPSR 6511) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This collection provides annual data on jail populations across the nation and examines the "spillover" effect on local jails resulting from the dramatic growth in federal and state prison populations. These data permit an assessment of the demands placed on correctional resources and provide a comprehensive picture of the adult correctional system and changes that occur within the system. Information is available on the number of inmates by sex, race, adult or juvenile status, reason being held, and cause of death. Facility characteristics were collected regarding capacity, court orders, conditions of confinement, and alternative programs.

Series: Annual Survey of Jails Data Series

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

DS1:  Jail-Level Data - Download All Files (4.2 MB)
DS2:  Jurisdiction-Level Data - Download All Files (3.2 MB)

Study Description

Citation

U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. ANNUAL SURVEY OF JAILS: JURISDICTION-LEVEL AND JAIL-LEVEL DATA, 1991. Conducted by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [producer and distributor], 2001. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06511.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   correctional facilities, correctional system, demographic characteristics, jail inmates, jails, overcrowding effects, population characteristics, probation

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1991-06-28

Date of Collection:  

  • 1991-06-28

Universe:   All local jails in the United States listed in the NATIONAL JAIL CENSUS, 1988 (ICPSR 9256).

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The record layout for the Jail-Level Data differs slightly from the codebook and data definition statements. The "Census Use Box" variable and the "New Jail Opened Since 1988" were removed, and the variables concerning death from AIDS were shifted. Also, the Census Bureau used a nine-digit Government Identification Number to identify each jail uniquely. This variable has been broken up into four different variables. Users of the data will have to combine these four variables to identify a particular jail. (2) The codebooks are provided by ICPSR as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Methodology

Sample:   A stratified random sample of county or city jurisdictions stratified by average daily population (ADP) as reported by the NATIONAL JAIL CENSUS, 1988 (ICPSR 9256) with allocation to the strata based on 1988 ADP.

Data Source:

self-enumerated forms

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.
  • 2001-11-02 At the request of the principal investigator, the title for this collection was changed from National Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1991, to Annual Survey of Jails: Jurisdiction-Level and Jail-Level Data, 1991, to more accurately reflect the scope of the survey. Corresponding documentation files have been edited to reflect the change in title.

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