Exploring the House Burglar's Perspective: Observing and Interviewing Offenders in St. Louis, 1989-1990 (ICPSR 6148)
Principal Investigator(s): Wright, Richard, University of Missouri-St. Louis. Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice; Decker, Scott H., University of Missouri-St. Louis. Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice
These data investigate the behaviors and attitudes of active residential burglars, not presently incarcerated, operating in St. Louis, Missouri. Through personal interviews, information was gathered on the burglars' motivation and feelings about committing crimes, peer pressure, burglary methods, and stolen goods disposal. Respondents were asked to describe their first residential burglary, to recreate verbally the most recent residential burglary they had committed, to discuss their perceptions of the risk values involved with burglary, and to describe the process through which they selected potential targets for burglaries. In-depth, semistructured interviews lasting from one and a half to three hours were conducted in which participants were allowed to speak freely and informally to the investigator. These interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim, and some were later annotated with content-related markers or "tags" to facilitate analysis. Information was also elicited on age, race, sex, marital status, employment status, drug history, and criminal offense history.
These data are available to the general public.
Wright, Richard, and Scott H. Decker. Exploring the House Burglar's Perspective: Observing and Interviewing Offenders in St. Louis, 1989-1990. ICPSR06148-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1993. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06148.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06148.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (89-IJ-CX-0046)
Scope of Study
Geographic Coverage: Missouri, St. Louis, United States
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individual
Universe: Active (not presently incarcerated), residential burglary offenders in St. Louis, Missouri.
Data Types: machine-readable text
Data Collection Notes:
This dataset is a machine-readable text file containing verbatim answers to interviewers' questions. For reasons of confidentiality, names have been removed. Profanity has been deleted as well.
Study Purpose: The goal of this project was to learn more about the behaviors and attitudes of active residential burglars not presently incarcerated. Interviewers asked questions on six main topics: (1) What types of needs motivated the burglar: psychological or financial, urgent or long-term? (2) To what degree did threat of arrest or punishment influence criminal behavior? (3) What constitutes a good residential target for burglary? (4) What methods are used to gain entrance to a home? (5) Which areas in a home are searched first and what items are most sought after? and (6) How are stolen goods disposed of?
Study Design: In-depth, semistructured interviews lasting from one and a half to three hours were conducted in which participants were allowed to speak freely and informally to the investigator. These interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim into a machine-readable text file, and some were later annotated with content-related markers or "tags" to facilitate analysis. Participants were typically paid 25 dollars for their time.
Sample: The study employed a "snowball" sampling technique, whereby offenders known to the investigators were asked to refer other active offenders who, in turn, were asked to refer still more active offenders until a suitable sample size was attained. To keep the sample from containing a disproportionately high number of offenders who had been previously apprehended, no referrals from law enforcement or other criminal justice personnel were used. All 105 individuals who agreed to an interview were included in the sample. Of the sample, 87 were male and 18 were female, 72 were Black and 33 were white, and 27 were juveniles. At the time of interview, 21 of the subjects were on probation, parole, or serving suspended sentences.
Description of Variables: Information is included on demographic characteristics of offenders such as age, race, sex, marital status, and employment status. Each respondent's drug and criminal history records are also provided. Other questions relate to the opinions and feelings of the subjects, e.g., how a likely burglary target is defined, what characteristics each looks for in such a target, what motivation the respondent feels before committing a crime, what, if any, deterrents exist, and how deterrents affect the respondent's criminal actions. Additional items cover how crimes are actually carried out by the offender, including what types of items are first on the list of valuables to steal, how long the offender spends inside the residence, and whether the respondent "cases" the residence before the burglary.
Response Rates: Not applicable.
Presence of Common Scales: None
Original ICPSR Release: 1994-03-10
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