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Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders: a Study of Intervention Practices for Youth in Seven Cities in the United States, 1987-1991 (ICPSR 6039) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

This data collection focuses on status offenders--those juveniles who commit acts (such as running away, habitual truancy, and possession of alcohol) that are forbidden to minors but not to adults. The purpose of this study was to connect legislative intent, service delivery systems, and youth responses in order to provide guidelines for future status offender legislation and practice. In the selection of sampling sites, three categories of intervention philosophy were represented: (1) deterrence, which recommends sanctions and control through the juvenile justice system, (2) treatment, which recommends emotional adjustment strategies through the community mental health system, and (3) normalization, which recommends little or no professional response. Respondents from youth service agencies in seven cities in the United States were asked about service delivery system characteristics (such as types of referral sources, how often they were used, and length of client service period), organizational characteristics (such as public versus private auspices, sources of funding, and educational level of staff), and youth characteristics (such as family situation, school status, and educational attainment of principal adults in the home). Demographic variables for status offenders included gender, race, age, and type of residence. Interviews with youths were also conducted and included a self-concept scale, by which youths could categorize themselves as delinquent, disturbed, and/or conforming. The units of analysis for this study are the individual and the youth service agency.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

DS1:  Agency Screening Survey Data - Download All Files (1.4 MB)
Documentation:
DS2:  Status Conduct Survey Data - Download All Files (2.1 MB)
DS3:  Church Screening Survey Data - Download All Files (0.5 MB)
Documentation:
DS4:  School Screening Survey Data - Download All Files (0.4 MB)
Documentation:
DS5:  Youth Interview Data - Download All Files (1.5 MB)
Documentation:
Data:
ASCII
ASCII + SPSS Setup
DS6:  SAS Data Definition Statements for Agency Screening Survey Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS7:  SAS Data Definition Statements for Status Conduct Survey Data - Download All Files (0.2 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS8:  SAS Data Definition Statements for Church Screening Survey Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS9:  SAS Data Definition Statements for School Screening Survey Data - Download All Files (0.1 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup
DS10:  SAS Data Definition Statements for Youth Interview Data - Download All Files (0.2 MB)
Data:

ASCII + SAS Setup

Study Description

Citation

Klein, Malcolm, and Cheryl Maxson. Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders: a Study of Intervention Practices for Youth in Seven Cities in the United States, 1987-1991. ICPSR06039-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1994. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06039.v1

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (87-JN-CX-0001)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   deterrence, intervention, intervention strategies, juvenile offenders, legislation, status offenses, treatment programs

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1987--1991

Date of Collection:  

  • 1989--1991

Universe:   Status offenders aged 12 to 17 in the United States.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

For reasons of confidentiality, certain identifying variables (such as birthday, intake date, and agency identifier number) have been masked.

Methodology

Sample:   An analysis of the status offender legislation in all 50 states and the District of Columbia yielded seven states as the purest possible deterrence states, treatment states, and normalization states. A census of youth service agencies was then conducted in large cities of the seven states: Anchorage, Alaska, Wilmington, Delaware, Boise, Idaho, Portland, Maine, Baltimore, Maryland, Flint, Michigan, and Manchester, New Hampshire. That census yielded 1,527 agencies, and exclusion criteria combined with nonresponses reduced the final number to 571 appropriate agencies, of which 245 reported providing services during 1987 to at least some youths engaged in status conduct. Youth interviews were limited to the cities of Boise, Manchester, and Portland.

Data Source:

self-enumerated questionnaires and personal interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

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