United States Sentencing Commission
In response to a Congressional directive, the United States
Sentencing Commission completed this study of federal mandatory
minimum statutes with an emphasis on the presence and/or applicability
of statutes prior to conviction and sentencing. To collect this type
of detailed information, it was necessary to examine actual offense
behavior. To that end, the Commission selected for detailed review a
12.5-percent random sample of its FY90 database of 29,011 cases,
focusing on controlled substance offenses and firearms violations. The
screening process yielded 1,165 cases. For these defendants,
information was recorded on real offense components, indictment
history, mode of conviction, and convicted charges, as well as
sentence imposed, plea agreements, stipulations, and guideline
factors. This information allows for a procedural tracking of cases
and the application of mandatory minimum provisions at various stages
of the criminal justice process.
U.S. Sentencing Commission. UNITED STATES FEDERAL MANDATORY MINIMUM STATUTES STUDY, 1989-1990. 2nd ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Sentencing Commission [producer], 1992. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06009.v2
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06009.v2
- RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
- EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
All federal criminal court cases during the period
event/transaction data, and administrative records data
Data Collection Notes:
The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable
Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe
Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software,
such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy
of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.
Cases were chosen for inclusion in this collection based
upon defendants whose cases indicated the appropriateness of a
mandatory minimum penalty.
presentence reports completed by federal probation
officers, forwarded to the Administrative Office of the United States
courts, and the United States Sentencing Commission
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Original ICPSR Release: 1993-05-13
- 2003-01-23 A new data file was created to change certain
values to missing. SAS and SPSS data definition statements were
created. The ASCII codebook was reformatted into a PDF document.
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