United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
This survey provides nationally representative data on inmates
held in state prisons and federally-owned and operated prisons.
Through personal interviews conducted from October 2003 through May
2004, inmates in both state and federal prisons provided information
about their current offense and sentence, criminal history, family
background and personal characteristics, prior drug and alcohol use
and treatment programs, gun possession and use, and prison activities,
programs, and services. Prior surveys of State prison inmates were
conducted in 1974, 1979, 1986, 1991, and 1997. Sentenced federal
prison inmates were interviewed in the 1991 and 1997 surveys.
Survey of Inmates of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series
One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions
; consult the
restrictions note to learn more.
You can apply online for access to
the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.
A downloadable version of data for this study is available however, certain identifying information in the downloadable version may have been masked or edited to protect respondent privacy. Additional data not included in the downloadable version are available in a restricted version of this data collection. For more information about the differences between the downloadable data and the restricted data for this study, please refer to the codebook notes section of the PDF codebook. Users interested in obtaining restricted data must complete and sign a Restricted Data Use Agreement, describe the research project and data protection plan, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.
Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public.
Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
WARNING: This study is over 150MB in size and may take several minutes to download on a typical internet connection.
United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 2004. ICPSR04572-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-04-27. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04572.v2
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04572.v2
- RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
- EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Scope of Study
correctional facilities (adults),
Smallest Geographic Unit:
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation:
Inmates in state and federal prisons in the United
A two-stage sampling procedure was used. Prisons were
selected in the first stage. Inmates within sampled prisons were
selected in the second stage.
Weights for estimating populations are included with the
Mode of Data Collection:
computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI),
The overall response rates for state and federal
inmates were 89.1 percent and 84.6 percent, respectively.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Standardized missing values.
Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
Original ICPSR Release: 2007-02-28
- 2016-04-27 Datasets 0003 and 0004 were added. They contain analysis variables corresponding to the Federal and State datasets. The analysis variables are useful in replicating results reported by the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
- List all
citations associated with this study
- View citations for the entire series
Most Recent Publications
Dausey, David J.,
Sex differences in risk factors and conditions of incarcerated violent offenders
Health Systems and Policy Research
Full Text Options:
Export Options: RIS/EndNote
If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.