United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data: National Incident-Based Reporting System, 2015. ICPSR36795-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2017-08-08. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36795.v1
Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36795.v1
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law enforcement agencies,
national crime statistics (USA),
Uniform Crime Reports,
Smallest Geographic Unit:
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation:
Law enforcement agencies in the United States
participating in the National Incident-Based Reporting System.
Data Collection Notes:
Starting with the 2012 data, some offense, location, bias motivation, race, and ethnicity codes have been added or modified to include recent Advisory Policy Board (APB) and Office of Management and Budget (OMB) policy mandates to the UCR Program related to Human Trafficking, Hate Crime, and Race and Ethnicity information.
At the recommendation of the CJIS APB and with the approval of the FBI Director, the FBI UCR Program initiated the collection of rape data under a revised definition
and removed the term "forcible" from the offense name in 2013. The changes bring uniformity to the offense in both the Summary Reporting System (SRS) and the NIBRS by capturing data (1) without regard to gender, (2) including penetration of any bodily orifice by any object or body part, and (3) including offenses where physical force is not involved. As a result of this decision, the program renamed the NIBRS sex offenses - Forcible Rape to Rape, Forcible Sodomy to Sodomy, and Forcible Fondling to Fondling.
Prior to the 2013 data, the Batch Header information was released as three segments. Due to the NIBRS data rapidly growing in size, the FBI has removed the B1, B2, and B3 sections. All information in these sections is now contained in a single batch header segment.
Data for the state of Vermont are excluded for 2015 due to technical issues.
NIBRS is an incident-based reporting system which means data are collected
on each single crime occurrence. NIBRS data are designed to be generated
as a by-product of local, State, and Federal automated records management
systems. Thus, an agency can build its own system to suit its individual
needs, including all the information required for administrative and
operational purposes. Only the data required by NIBRS are then reported to
the national UCR Program.
NIBRS collects data on each single incident and arrest within 22 offense
categories made up of 46 specific crimes called Group A offenses. For each of the offenses coming to the attention of law
enforcement, various facts about the crime are collected. In addition to
the Group A offenses, there are 11 Group B offense categories for which only arrest data are reported.
Central to NIBRS is the concept of a crime incident. An incident is defined
for NIBRS reporting purposes as one or more offenses committed by the same
offender, or group of offenders acting in concert, at the same time and
place. "Acting in concert" requires that the offenders actually commit or
assist in the commission of the crime(s). The offenders must be aware of,
and consent to, the commission of the crime(s); or even if nonconsenting,
their actions assist in the commission of the offense(s). This is important
because all of the offenders in an incident are considered to have
committed all of the offenses in the incident. If one or more of the
offenders did not act in concert, then there is more than one incident
The phrase "same time and place" means that the time interval between
the offenses and the distance between the locations where they occurred
were insignificant. Normally, the offenses must have occurred during an
unbroken period of time and at the same or adjoining location(s). However,
incidents can also consist of offenses which by their nature involve
continuing criminal activity by the same offender(s) at different times and
places, as long as the activity is deemed to constitute a single criminal
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of
disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major
statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to
these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
Performed consistency checks.
Created variable labels and/or value labels.
Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.