Northwestern Juvenile Project (Cook County, Illinois), Follow-up 4, 2000-2006 (ICPSR 36686)

Alternate Title:   NJP Follow-up 4

Principal Investigator(s): Teplin, Linda, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine

Summary:

This study contains data from the fourth follow-up interview of the Northwestern Juvenile Project (NJP), a longitudinal assessment of alcohol, drug, or mental service treatment needs of juvenile detainees. The fourth follow-up occurred approximately 4.5 years after the baseline interview and focused on studying the development and persistence of psychiatric disorders, related predictive variables, patterns of drug use, and other risk behaviors.

The project's aims included studying (1) development and persistence of alcohol, drug, and mental disorders and (2) pathways and patterns of risky behaviors. Changes in disorders over time were studied (including onset, remission, and recurrence), comorbidity, associated functional impairments, and the risk and protective factors related to these disorders and impairments. This study addressed patterns and sequences of the development of drug use and related variables, focusing on gender differences, racial/ethnic differences, the antecedents of these risky behaviors (risk and protective factors), and how these behaviors were interrelated.

The original sample included 1829 randomly selected youth, 1172 males and 657 females, then 10 to 18 years old, enrolled in the study as they entered the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center from 1995 to 1998. Among the sample were 1005 African Americans, 524 Hispanics, 296 non-Hispanic white respondents. Participants were tracked from the time they left detention. All participants were eligible for fourth follow-up interviews. Re-interviews were conducted regardless of where respondents were living when their follow-up interview was due: in the community, correctional settings, or by telephone if they lived farther than two hours from Chicago.

Series: Northwestern Juvenile Project (NJP) Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement. Data are provided via ICPSR's Virtual Data Enclave (VDE). Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR VDE portal. Information and instructions are available within the data portal. For further assistance please reference the VDE Guide to learn about the application process, about using the VDE, and how to request disclosure review of VDE output.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  MAIN
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  COMMENTS
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  CAFAS
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS4:  CASA A
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS5:  CASA B
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS6:  CASA C
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS7:  CASA D
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS8:  CASA E
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS9:  CFA
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS10:  CFA GRID
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS11:  CGAS
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS12:  DIS DX
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS13:  DIS ITEMS
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS14:  DISC DX
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS15:  DISC ITEMS
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS16:  RBAP
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS17:  RBAP DRUG
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS18:  RBAP GRID
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS19:  RBAP IDU
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS20:  RBAP INTERVENTION
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No downloadable data files available.
DS21:  RBAP SEX
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

Teplin, Linda. Northwestern Juvenile Project (Cook County, Illinois), Follow-up 4, 2000-2006. ICPSR36686-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2017-10-17. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36686.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36686.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (R01MH59463)
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (99-JE-FX-1001)
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    AIDS, alcohol abuse, alcohol consumption, detention, drug abuse, drug dependence, drug use, HIV, juvenile crime, mental disorders, mental health, risk factors, sexual behavior

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Cook County, Illinois

Geographic Coverage:    Chicago, Illinois, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1977--2006

Date of Collection:   

  • 2000--2006

Unit of Observation:    Individual

Universe:    Male and female juvenile detainees, ages 10 to 18, at intake to the Cook County (IL) Juvenile Temporary Detention Center (CCJTDC) between November 20, 1995 and June 14, 1998.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Supporting documentation for DIS Dx (da36686-0012) and DISC Dx (da36686-0014) data files contain proprietary descriptions and algorithms. This information is included in text files available only through restricted access procedures. See Appendix 3 of the User Guide for a detailed explanation of how diagnosis variables were derived.

Methodology

Study Purpose:   

The project's aims included studying (1) development and persistence of alcohol, drug, and mental disorders and (2) pathways and patterns of risky behaviors. Changes in disorders over time were studied (including onset, remission, and recurrence), comorbidity, associated functional impairments, and the risk and protective factors related to these disorders and impairments. This study addressed patterns and sequences of the development of drug use and related variables, focusing on gender differences, racial/ethnic differences, the antecedents of these risky behaviors (risk and protective factors), and how these behaviors were interrelated. The development and persistence of alcohol, drug, and mental disorders of delinquent youth are examined.

Data from the baseline interview were deposited at the National Addiction and HIV Data Archive Program with the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research. Data from the first follow-up (conducted approximately three years after the baseline), second follow-up (conducted approximately three and a half years after the baseline), and third follow-up (conducted approximately four years after the baseline) were deposited with ICPSR's National Archive of Criminal Justice Data.

Study Design:   

A random subsample of participants was scheduled for a fourth follow-up interview approximately 4.5 years after their baseline interview (Follow-up 4). Participants were tracked until they were found for an interview, withdrew, or were known to have died. Some participants who were difficult to locate received their follow-up interviews substantially later than the planned interview dates.

Follow-up interviews were conducted face-to-face wherever the participant was living--in the community or in any correctional facility in Illinois--at the time their interview was due. However, community interviews were conducted by telephone if the participant lived more than 2 hours away. Diagnostic modules were administered via pencil and paper interviewing (PAPI) or computer assisted personal interviewing (CAPI). Non-diagnostic modules were administered via PAPI.

Sample:   

A stratified random sample of 1,829 youth at intake from Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center (CCJTDC) in Chicago, Illinois, was recruited between November 20, 1995, and June 14, 1998. This baseline sample was stratified by gender, race/ethnicity (African American, non-Hispanic white, Hispanic, "other" race/ethnicity), age (10-13 years or 14 years and older), and legal status (processed in juvenile or adult court) to obtain enough participants to examine key subgroups (e.g., females, Hispanics, younger persons). There were a total of 13 strata, as listed below. There were too few female detainees of each race/ethnicity and detainees identified as "other" race/ethnicity to further stratify these groups. Detainees aged 10 to 13 years were not stratified by legal status because they were generally too young to be considered for transfer to adult court.

Sampling Strata:

  1. African American females
  2. Non-Hispanic white females
  3. Hispanic females
  4. African American males, aged 10-13 years
  5. Non-Hispanic white males, aged 10-13 years
  6. Hispanic males, aged 10-13 years
  7. African American males, 14 years or older and processed as adult transfer
  8. Non-Hispanic white males, 14 years or older and processed as adult transfer
  9. Hispanic males, 14 years or older and processed as adult transfer
  10. African American males, 14 years or older and processed as a juvenile
  11. Non-Hispanic white males, 14 years or older and processed as a juvenile
  12. Hispanic white males, 14 years or older and processed as a juvenile
  13. Other race/ethnicity

Detainees were eligible to be sampled regardless of their psychiatric morbidity, state of drug or alcohol intoxication, or fitness to stand trial. Within each stratum, the project used a random-numbers table to select names from Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center's intake log. The final sampling fractions ranged from 0.018 to 0.689.

The fourth follow-up was conducted approximately 4.5 years after the baseline with a random subsample.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Panel: Continuous

Weight:   

Follow-up weights are sampling weights augmented with adjustments for nonresponse (e.g., withdrew, died) at the follow-up. Sampling weights and normalized sampling weights are also provided in dataset da36686-0001.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), face-to-face interview, mixed mode, paper and pencil interview (PAPI), telephone interview

Description of Variables:   

Follow-up 4, consists of 21 data files. Follow-up interview data are stored in separate datasets corresponding to each interview module.

  • The main dataset (MAIN) includes administrative information on what measures were conducted, the location of and type of interview, interview date and age of respondent at interview. This dataset (da36686-0001) has 21 variables, 1829 observations.
  • The interviewer comments (COMMENTS) asked the interviewer to record their observations of how participants managed the interview, including whether participants had any difficulties with particular measures, whether participants seemed to be truthful, and whether the participant exhibited any psychotic symptoms. Interviewers filled out this observational measure following the interview. The dataset (da36686-0002) includes 64 variables, 1623 observations
  • The Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale (CAFAS) includes multidimensional measurements of functional impairment and scales of role performance, behavior toward others, mood, self-harmful behavior, substance use, and thinking. This dataset (da36686-0003) includes 37 variables and 1618 observations.
  • The Child and Adolescent Services Assessment - Modified (CASA-M) probes dimensions of service use for each mental health or substance abuse service. Dimensions include reason for services, type of treatment, frequency and duration of the service, referral sources, pathways to services, and attitudes and barriers to treatment. There are 5 data files associated with this module: da36686-0004 (360 variables, 1622 observations) refers to the school services screener, da36686-0005 (57 variables, 66 observations) refers to non-school services screen, da36686-0006 (62 variables, 31 observations) refers to services provided in addition to mental health services from da36686-0004 and da36686-0005, da36686-0007 (134 variables, 125 observations) refers to the referral source for the mental health services, and da36686-0008 (127 variables, 260 observations) refers to subject's attitudes and barriers to treatment.
  • The Child and Family Assessment (CFA) assesses risk and protective factors for psychopathology as well as actors related to initiation, escalation, and desistance of delinquency and violence. Variables included cover: demographic assessment, medical screen, family functioning assessment (parenting practices, family cohesion and conflict, and family attitudes and beliefs), significant losses, community functioning, quality of life and life events, and future orientation. The CFA module contains two datasets: da36686-0009 (739 variables, 1622 observations) and da36686-0010 (43 variables, 6245 observations).
  • The Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) module summarizes the interviewer's impression of the lowest level of the participant's functioning at home, in school and/or work, and in other social environments. This dataset (da36686-0011) has 4 variables and 1617 observations.
  • The Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS), Version IV is a structured interview that assesses psychiatric disorders based on DSM-IV criteria. The dataset referencing the interview questionnaire (da36686-0013) contains 734 variables and 1623 observations. These variables include demographics, alcohol withdrawal, dependence, and abuse; amphetamine withdrawal, dependence, and abuse; Antisocial Personality Disorder, and Conduct Disorder. The diagnostic dataset (da36686-0012) contains 663 variables and 1623 observations. These variables were generated by scoring algorithms using items from the interview questionnaire.
  • The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC), Version 2.3 is a structured interview, of children, that assesses psychiatric disorders based on DSM-IV criteria. The interview questionnaire (da36686-0015) contains information regarding: demographics, anxiety disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Major Depression/Dysthymic Disorder, Mania/Hypomania, Schizophrenia, Attention-Deficit/Hyper Activity Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder, and Antisocial Personality Disorder. This dataset includes 1517 variables and 1623 observations. An additional dataset contains variables regarding the diagnoses for psychiatric disorders that were generated by scoring algorithms using items from the interview questionnaire (da36686-0014) with 603 variables and 1623 observations.
  • The Risky Behavior Assessment Profile (RBAP) assesses drug use, HIV/AIDs risk, and criminal activity. Items were drawn from Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area Drug Study of Juveniles, National Institute of Drug Abuse's (NIDA) Risk Behavior Assessment, the Adolescent Health Survey from the NIDA Study of Street Youth at Risk for AIDS, and the Denver Youth Survey. Modules include: drug use history and recent drug use (da36686-0017: 104 variables, 1797 observations); injection drug use (da36686-0019: 71 variables, 6 observations); sexual risk behavior (da36686-0021: 149 variables, 1480 observations); participation in AIDS intervention programming (da36686-0020: 60 variables, 1495 observations); and AIDS knowledge, violent behavior, gang activity, and attitudes and peer behavior (da36686-0016: 1216 variables, 1622 observations). There is also a separate dataset containing coded open-ended responses (da36686-0018: 19 variables, 1772 observations).

Response Rates:   

By 6 years after their baseline interview, 1625 participants had received a Follow-up 4 interview. 185 participants received Follow-up 4 interviews more than 6 years after their baseline interview. Other reasons for non-response at Follow-up 4 were: died before the 6-year cut-off (n=51); withdrew from the study (n=27); and could not be located (n=126).

Presence of Common Scales:   

CAFAS - Child and Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale

CASA - Child and Adolescent Services Assessment

CFA - Child and Family Assessment

CGAS - Children's Global Assessment Scale

DIS - Diagnostic Interview Schedule, Version IV

DISC - Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, Version IV

RBAP - Risky Behavior Assessment Profile

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2017-10-17

Variables

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