Northwestern Juvenile Project (Cook County, Illinois): Follow-up 2, 1999 - 2005 (ICPSR 36629)

Alternate Title:   NJP Follow-up 1

Principal Investigator(s): Teplin, Linda, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine

Summary:

This study contains data from the second follow-up interview of the Northwestern Juvenile Project (NJP), a longitudinal assessment of alcohol, drug, or mental service treatment needs of juvenile detainees. This second follow-up occurred approximately 3.5 years after the baseline interview and focused on the development and persistence of psychiatric disorders, related predictive variables, patterns of drug use, and other risky behaviors.

The project's aims included studying (1) development and persistence of alcohol, drug, and mental disorders and (2) pathways and patterns of risky behaviors. Researchers studied changes in disorders over time (including onset, remission, and recurrence), comorbidity, associated functional impairments, and the risk and protective factors related to these disorders and impairments. The NJP addressed the patterns and sequences of the development of drug use and related variables, focusing on gender differences, racial/ethnic differences, the antecedents of these risky behaviors (risk and protective factors), and how these behaviors are interrelated.

The original sample included 1829 randomly selected youth, 1172 males and 657 females, then 10 to 18 years old, enrolled in the study as they entered the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center from 1995 to 1998. Among the sample were 1,005 African Americans, 524 Hispanics, 296 non-Hispanic white respondents. A random subsample of 997 of the baseline participants were chosen for second follow-up interviews. Researchers tracked participants from the time they left detention and re-interviewed them regardless of where they were living when their follow-up interview was due: in the community, correctional settings, or by telephone if they lived farther than two hours from Chicago.

The study was funded by OJJDP, several institutes at the National Institutes of Health, and other federal agencies and private foundations. The National Institutes of Health funded an additional component on HIV/AIDS risk behaviors.

Series: Northwestern Juvenile Project (NJP) Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the restricted-use data. A login is required to apply.

    Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement. Data are provided via ICPSR's Virtual Data Enclave (VDE). Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR VDE portal. Information and instructions are available within the data portal. For further assistance please reference the VDE Guide to learn about the application process, about using the VDE, and how to request disclosure review of VDE output.

    Any public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  MAIN
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS2:  COMMENTS
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS3:  CAFAS
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS4:  CASA A
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS5:  CASA B
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No downloadable data files available.
DS6:  CASA C
Download:
No downloadable data files available.
DS7:  CASA D
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS8:  CASA E
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS9:  CFA
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS10:  CFA GRID
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS11:  CGAS
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS12:  DIS DX
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS13:  DIS ITEMS
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS14:  DISC DX
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No downloadable data files available.
DS15:  DISC ITEMS
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No downloadable data files available.
DS16:  RBAP
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No downloadable data files available.
DS17:  RBAP DRUG
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No downloadable data files available.
DS18:  RBAP GRID
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No downloadable data files available.
DS19:  RBAP IDU
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No downloadable data files available.
DS20:  RBAP INTERVENTION
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No downloadable data files available.
DS21:  RBAP SEX
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No downloadable data files available.
DS22:  KSNAP
Documentation:
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No downloadable data files available.
DS23:  WRAT
Documentation:
Download:
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description

Citation

Teplin, Linda. Northwestern Juvenile Project (Cook County, Illinois): Follow-up 2, 1999 - 2005. ICPSR36629-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2017-07-13. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36629.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36629.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (99-JE-FX-1001)
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (R01MH59463)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    AIDS, alcohol abuse, alcohol consumption, detention, drug abuse, drug dependence, drug use, HIV, juvenile crime, mental disorders, mental health, risk factors, sexual behavior

Smallest Geographic Unit:    Cook County, Illinois

Geographic Coverage:    Chicago, Illinois, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1977--2005

Date of Collection:   

  • 1999--2005

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Male and female juvenile detainees, ages 10 to 18, in the Cook County (IL) Juvenile Temporary Detention Center (CCJTDC) between November 1995 and June 1998. All detainees younger than 17 years are held at CCJTDC, including youths processed as adults (automatic transfers to adult court). Youths may be detained in the CCJTDC until they are 21 years of age if they are being prosecuted for an arrest that occurred when they were younger than 17 years.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Included in this release are two zip files containing multiple text files to accompany the DIS DX (da36629-00012) and DISC DX (da36629-0014) data files. The text files provide a detailed description of criteria used for diagnosis and SAS code used for the Principal Investigator to calculate analysis variables.

Methodology

Study Purpose:   

The project's aims included studying (1) development and persistence of alcohol, drug, and mental disorders and (2) pathways and patterns of risky behaviors. Researchers studied changes in disorders over time (including onset, remission, and recurrence), comorbidity, associated functional impairments, and the risk and protective factors related to these disorders and impairments. The NJP addressed the patterns and sequences of the development of drug use and related variables, focusing on gender differences, racial/ethnic differences, the antecedents of these risky behaviors (risk and protective factors), and how these behaviors are interrelated.

Data from the baseline interview were deposited with the National Addiction and HIV Data Archive Program at the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR). Data from the first follow-up (conducted approximately three years after the baseline) were deposited with ICPSR's National Archive of Criminal Justice Data.

Study Design:   

A random subsample of participants was scheduled for a second follow-up interview approximately 3.5 years after their baseline interview (Follow-up 2). Participants were tracked until they were found for an interview, withdrew, or were known to have died. Some participants who were difficult to locate received their follow-up interviews substantially later than the planned interview dates.

Follow-up interviews were conducted face-to-face wherever the participant was living--in the community or in any correctional facility in Illinois--at the time their interview was due. However, community interviews were conducted by telephone if the participant lived more than 2 hours away. Diagnostic modules were administered via pencil and paper interviewing (PAPI) or computer assisted personal interviewing (CAPI). Non-diagnostic modules were administered via PAPI.

Sample:   

Males and females aged 10 to 18 years were randomly sampled at intake into the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center (CCJTDC) from November 1995 through June 1998. The sample was stratified by gender, race/ethnicity (African American, non-Hispanic White, Hispanic, other), age (males only, aged 10 to 13 years or 14 years and older), and legal status (males only, processed as a juvenile or as an adult). There were a total of 13 strata:

  1. black females
  2. non-Hispanic white females
  3. Hispanic females
  4. black males, 10-13 years old
  5. non-Hispanic white males, 10-13 years old
  6. Hispanic males, 10-13 years old
  7. older black males, processed as adults
  8. older non-Hispanic white males, processed as adults
  9. older Hispanic males, processed as adults
  10. older black males, processed as juveniles
  11. older non-Hispanic white males, processed as juveniles
  12. older Hispanic males, processed as juveniles
  13. other race/ethnicity

Detainees were eligible to be sampled regardless of their psychiatric morbidity, state of drug or alcohol intoxication, or fitness to stand trial. Within each stratum, the project used a random-numbers table to select names from Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center's intake log. The final sampling fractions ranged from 0.018 to 0.689.

Researchers conducted the first follow-up approximately three years after the baseline with the full sample. The second follow-up was conducted approximately 3.5 years after the baseline with a random subsample.

Time Method:    Longitudinal: Panel: Continuous

Weight:   

Follow-up weights are sampling weights augmented with adjustments for nonresponse (e.g., withdrew, died) at the follow-up. Sampling weights and normalized sampling weights are also provided in dataset da36629-0001.

Mode of Data Collection:    computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI), face-to-face interview, mixed mode, paper and pencil interview (PAPI), telephone interview

Description of Variables:   

The Northwestern Juvenile Project Follow-Up 2 contains 23 parts consisting of the following variables:

  • Main (da36629-0001; n=997; 23 variables) includes administrative information (e.g., interview status, location, date) and age at interview.
  • Comments (da36629-0002; n=939; 64 variables) includes interviewer observations of how participants managed the interview, including whether participants had any difficulties with particular measures, whether participants seemed to be truthful, and whether the participant exhibited any psychotic symptoms. Interviewers filled out this observational measure following the interview.
  • The Child Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale-Youth and Young Adult (CAFAS; da36629-0003; n=940; 37 variables) is a multidimensional measurement of functional impairment that includes scales of role performance, behavior toward others, mood, self-harmful behavior, substance use, and thinking.
  • The Child and Adolescent Services Assessment-Modified (CASA) probes various dimensions of mental health and substance abuse service use, including reason for services, type of treatment, frequency and duration of the service, referral sources, pathways to services, and attitudes and barriers to treatment. CASA is broken into five parts. CASA_A (da36629-0004; n=937; 362 variables) describes school services. CASA_B (da36629-0005; n=52; 56 variables) describes non-school services. CASA_C (da36629-0006; n=37; 61 variables) describes services provided in addition to mental health services from CASA A and CASA B. CASA_D (da36629-0007; n=104; 133 variables) describes the referral source for mental health services. CASA_E (da36629-0008; n=171; 127 variables) describes subject's attitudes and barriers to treatment.
  • The Child and Family Assessment (CFA; da36629-0009; n=940; 739 variables) includes variables describing residence status, family structure, life events including pregnancy, experiences of homelessness, participation in school and community activities, family functioning assessment (parenting practices, family cohesion and conflict, and family attitudes and beliefs), significant losses, community functioning, quality of life and life events, and future orientation. CFA_GRID (da36629-0010; n=3,491; 43 variables) includes variables related to family structure and financial support.
  • The Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS; da36629-0011; n=938; 4 variables) summarizes the interviewer's impression of the lowest level of the participant's functioning at home, in school and/or work, and in other social environments.
  • The Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) is a structured interview that assesses psychiatric disorders based on the DSM-IV. DIS_DX (da36629-0012; n=941; 617 variables) includes diagnoses of substance abuse, dependence, and withdrawal. DIS_ITEMS (da36629-0013; n=941; 606 variables) includes items from the interview questionnaire on which DIS_DX diagnoses were based, including household characteristics, health history, substance use, and symptoms related to substance dependence and withdrawal.
  • The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC) is a structured interview of children that assesses psychiatric disorders based on DSM-IV criteria. DISC_DX (da36629-0014; n=938; 255 variables) includes diagnoses of psychiatric disorders, including mania, hypomania, major depression disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and schizophrenia. DISC_ITEMS (da36629-0015; n=938; 701 variables) includes items from the interview questionnaire on which DISC_DX diagnoses were based, including household characteristics, education history, traumatic experiences, and a wide range of symptoms.
  • The Risk Behavior Assessment Profile (RBAP) has 6 parts. RBAP (da36629-0016; n=940; 1216 variables) discusses a wide range of behaviors, including drug use, drug sales, sexual activity, knowledge about HIV/AIDS, illegal activities, gun ownership, and gang membership. RBAP_DRUG (da36629-0017; n=983; 104 variables) identifies motives for drug use and sources for acquiring drugs. RBAP_GRID (da36629-0018; n=943; 20 variables) includes follow-up questions related to drug use, HIV, gun ownership, and gang membership. RBAP_IDU (da36629-0019; n=3; 72 variables) contains variables related to injected drug use and quitting drug use. RBAP_INTERVENTION (da36629-0020; n=759; 61 variables) discusses participation in and behavior changes related to HIV/AIDS services. RBAP_SEX (da36629-0021; n=765; 150 variables) discusses sexual behavior and condom use.
  • The Kaufman Short Neurological Assessment Procedure (KSNAP; da36629-0022; n=821; 79 variables) includes results and scores for four subtests of cognitive functioning (gestalt closure, number recall, four-letter words, and recall/closure) as well as composite assessment score.
  • The Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT; da36629-0023; n=853; 17 variables) includes test results and achievement scores measuring math and reading ability.

Response Rates:   

By 6 years after their baseline interview, 918 participants had received a follow-up 2 interview. Twenty-four participants received follow-up 2 interviews more than 6 years after their baseline interview. Other reasons for nonresponse at follow-up 2 were: died before the 6-year cut-off (n=11); withdrew from the study (n=13); and could not be located (n=31).

Presence of Common Scales:   

Child Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale-Youth and Young Adult (CAFAS)

Child and Adolescent Services Assessment-Modified (CASA)

Child and Family Assessment (CFA)

Children's Global Assessment Scale (CGAS)

Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS)

Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC)

Risk Behavior Assessment Profile (RBAP)

Kaufman Short Neurological Assessment Procedure (KSNAP)

Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT)

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2016-11-14

Version History:

  • 2017-07-13 Variable labels were modified to conform to consistency standards across all NJP follow-up studies.
  • 2016-12-08 Updated documentation and data files.

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