Deaths in Custody Reporting Program: Jail Populations, 2000-2013 (ICPSR 36560)

Alternate Title:   DCRP

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Summary:

The Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP) is an annual data collection conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). The DCRP began in 2000 under the Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-297). It is the only national statistical collection that obtains detailed information about deaths in adult correctional facilities. The DCRP collects data on persons dying in state prisons, local jails and in the process of arrest. Each collection is a separate subcollection, but each is under the umbrella of the DCRP collection. This collection deals with the jail subcollection, which includes a jail populations file.

The jail portion of the Deaths in Custody Reporting Program began in 2000 after the passage of the Deaths in Custody Reporting Act of 2000 in October of 2000. The original law lapsed at year-end 2006, but BJS continued to collect the data on a voluntary basis until the reauthorization of the Deaths in Custody Reporting Act in December of 2014. The jail component of the DCRP collects data on the death of any inmate in their custody, even if the inmate was being held for another jurisdiction, such as the state department of corrections, another state or county, or the federal government. Jail deaths include the death of any inmate sent outside the jail facility for medical, mental health or substance abuse treatment services, or for work-release programs. Deaths that occur while an inmate is in transit to or from the jail facility are included. Deaths of jail inmates on temporary furloughs or who escaped from the jail facility are excluded.

This longitudinal dataset includes year-end collections of population and admissions data from all jail jurisdictions nationwide annually, from 2000 to 2013. These files do not include death data. Interested users should see the Deaths and Custody Reporting Program: Local Jails, 2000-2013 (ICPSR 34286).

Series: Deaths in Custody Reporting Program Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

Dataset(s)

Dataset - Download All Files (14.543 MB)
Documentation:
Download:
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description

Citation

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics. Deaths in Custody Reporting Program: Jail Populations, 2000-2013. ICPSR36560-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-09-26. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36560.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36560.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    correctional facilities, corrections, death, jails, population decrease, population growth, population size, population trends

Smallest Geographic Unit:    State

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2000--2013

Date of Collection:   

  • 2000--2013

Unit of Observation:    Jails

Universe:    Jails in the United States

Data Type(s):    administrative records data, aggregate data, census/enumeration data

Methodology

Study Purpose:    The Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP) is an annual data collection conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). It is the only national statistical collection that obtains detailed information about deaths in adult correctional facilities. This longitudinal dataset includes year-end collections of population and admissions data from all jail jurisdictions nationwide annually, from 2000 to 2013.

Study Design:    BJS collects death records and year-end collections of population and admissions data from all jail jurisdictions nationwide annually.

Time Method:    Longitudinal , Time Series: Discrete

Description of Variables:   

For each year data was collected, the following information is available:

  • Total Annual Admissions, by gender
  • Total Confined Count, by gender
  • Total Average Daily Population, by gender
  • Indicator variables for whether a variable represents the actual value or an estimate

In addition, there are variables for the mean average daily population and the total sum average daily population across all years.

Response Rates:    An average of 98% of the approximately 2,800 jail jurisdictions in the United States have reported to the DCRP since 2000.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:   2016-09-26

Variables

Utilities

Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics